Sport Wales Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

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Sport Wales Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report January 2010

Prepared For:

Sport Wales Sophia Gardens Cardiff CF11 9SW

Prepared By:

CELLO mruk Sophia House Cathedral Road Cardiff, CF11 9LJ

Created By:

Kelly Jones

Date:

06/01/2010

CELLO mruk research is a full service, specialist market research agency offering Public and Private sector organisations:

ƒ A huge bank of social and market research experience, gained over 20 years across a wide range of sectors and research methods

ƒ A unique network of regionally based teams of research experts – members of the Market Research Society and Social Research Association

ƒ A professional, flexible, imaginative and friendly approach to research assignments ƒ UK-wide fieldwork resources including Computer Aided Personal Interviewing (CAPI), Computer Aided Web Interviewing (CAWI) and Computer Aided Telephone Interviewing (CATI)

ƒ The highest standards of quality control – ISO 20252, IQCS (Interviewer Quality Control Scheme), and British Polling Council

ƒ A commitment to use our experience, people skills and resources to deliver quality research findings and value on every project CELLO mruk research is part of Cello Group plc, one of the UK’s largest Research and Consultancy organisations.

www.cellomruk.co.uk

Contents Page Acknowledgements 1. Introduction 1.1 1.2 1.3

Active Adults Survey 2008-09 The Development of the Active Adults Survey Overview of Methodology

2. Questionnaire Design and Testing 2.1 2.2 2.3

Questionnaire Development and Scripting Questionnaire Testing Welsh Assembly Government Survey Approval

3. Sampling Methodology 3.1 3.2 3.3

Sample Frame and Method Sampling of Households Selection of Adults within Households

1 1 1 2

4 4 5 6

7 7 9 10

4. Fieldwork

12

4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6

12 12 12 12 14 15

Fieldwork Period Our Interviewers Interviewer Training and Briefing Contact Procedures Data Collection Monitoring Interviewer Performance

5. Response

16

5.1 5.2

16 16

Interviewer Outcome Data Response Rates

6. Data Processing 6.1 6.2

Data Entry and Collation Data Coding and Editing

7. Weighting and Sampling Errors 7.1 7.2

Weighting Sampling Errors and Design Effects

Appendix A: Questionnaire Version 2 Appendix B: Showcards Version 2 Appendix C: Pilot and Cognitive Testing Report Appendix D: Report on Analysis of Version 1 v Version 2 Appendix E: Interviewer Briefing Notes Appendix F: Text for Advanced letter Appendix G: Weighting Protocol Appendix H: Statistical Tables Appendix I: Comparing Results with Previous Survey Data

20 20 20

22 22 23

Acknowledgements First and foremost, we would like to thank all of the respondents who took part in this survey. We would also like to thank the following organisations and people for their contribution to this research project.

ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ

The research team at Sport Wales, in particular Richard Harry and Rachel Hughes The Welsh Assembly Government, in particular Steve Marshall who was instrumental in developing the weighting strategy The project team at CELLO mruk All the interviewers at CELLO mruk for their continued commitment and enthusiasm Iain McLaurin, Consultant Statistician for his involvement in the development and implementation of the weighting strategy

1.

Introduction

1.1

Active Adults Survey 2008-09

Sport Wales has commissioned large-scale population-based surveys of adult participation in sport in Wales since 1987. The main aims of the Active Adults Survey are: ƒ to provide estimates of the prevalence of sports participation, sports club membership, latent demand and sports volunteering amongst adults in Wales; ƒ to inform local, regional and national strategies for the development of sport, and of particular sports; ƒ to inform the practice of sports development; ƒ to examine differences between population sub-groups (such as sex, age and social class), local areas (such as Local Authorities, Wales Spatial Plan areas and Sport Wales regions) and other geographical classifications (such as Communities First areas and the Office for National Statistics’ Rural/Urban Classification); ƒ to provide a basis from which to strategically monitor and track trends in sport in Wales; ƒ to act as the basis for further qualitative and quantitative research into sport-related attitudes and behaviours amongst adults in Wales. The Active Adults Survey 2008-09 was commissioned by Sport Wales and carried out by Cello mruk research Ltd. Fieldwork was undertaken between March 2008 and February 2009. Details of how the Sport Wales plan to handle the comparison of results between the 2004-05 and 2008-09 Surveys is given in Appendix I. 1.2

The Development of the Active Adults Survey

Between 1987 and 1998, six surveys – in years 1987-88, 1989-90, 1991-92, 1993-94, 1995-96 and 1997-98 – were undertaken by including questions in Beaufort Research’s Wales Omnibus Survey. For each survey, fieldwork took place in four waves of approximately 1000 interviews, in June, September, November and March in each survey period. From 1998, the Sport Wales commissioned its own survey. The following four surveys – in years 1998-99, 2000-01, 2002-03 and 2004-05 – were based on a quota sampling method, whereby individuals (respondents) were recruited to participate until quotas, chosen to reflect the age group, gender and working status profile of the population, are filled. Fieldwork took place over 12 months, with equal numbers of interviews under Local Authority areas, to provide statistics at Local Authority level. The Active Adults Survey 2008-09 was the first to use a random probability sample. This change in sampling method was implemented in consultation with the Welsh Assembly Government’s Sport and Active Wales branch and Statistical Directorate. This allows us to report on the precision of the results of the survey, and allows for the undertaking of

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statistical tests to understand whether differences between population groups and activities are statistically significant. The basis of the Active Adults Survey questionnaire – the questions on sports participation in the four weeks prior to interview – has remained unchanged since 1987, although the activities included in these questions have been updated to reflect changes in participation patterns. Questions on sports club membership and participation have been included since 1989. The Active Adults Survey 2008-09 therefore provides the latest in over twenty years of survey data on sports participation in Wales. The 2008-09 survey covers: ƒ participation levels in a range of sports and physical recreation activities; ƒ sports club membership and participation; ƒ volunteering in sport; ƒ participation in competitive sport; ƒ usage of leisure and fitness centres; ƒ barriers and motivation for participation in sport. A range of demographic information is also collected for analysis, including gender, social class, age, disability and household structure. 1.3

Overview of Methodology

The aim of the study is to examine the participation levels of adults in sport and physical recreation in Wales. The study examines participation in sport including club-based activity, volunteering, access to coaching, and physical activity levels. It also aims to explore the factors that influence adults’ participation in sport and physical activity, their use of leisure centres and aspects of their lifestyle likely to impact on health. The Active Adults Survey comprises of over 22,000 in-home interviews across Wales with a representative sample of adults aged 15 or over within each of the 22 Local Authorities in Wales. The survey was conducted using CAPI (Computer Aided Personal Interviewing). Each month responses were obtained from a representative sample of 84 adults within each of the 22 Local Authorities giving a total of 1848 interviews per month. This ensured that the sample was robust enough to allow for both quarterly and annual analysis at an all-Wales level and annual analysis at Local Authority Level. Two versions of the questionnaire were used in the first three months of the survey, as Sport Wales were interested to know whether the placement of the question on physical activity levels before or after questions on sports participation had an impact on reported physical activity levels. For the first three months the sample was doubled so that both versions of the questionnaire could be tested and the results compared. For the first three months the number of interviews achieved was 3696 per month. Selection of each month’s survey sample was carried out using clustered random probability sampling techniques. This technique involves the following stages: ƒ random probability sampling of household addresses

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ƒ ƒ

the random selection of a dwelling in cases where a single address included more than one the random selection of an adult for interview in cases where a household contained more than one adult.

For each Local Authority, 6 Output Areas were selected at random. Within each Output areas 23 addresses were selected using the PAF. Interviewers were required to achieve 14 out of the 23 addresses. This ensures that a response rate of at least 60% was achieved. Due to the testing of two versions of the questionnaire, for the first three months the number of Output Areas selected was doubled. On their initial visits to the selected household addresses, interviewers were required to establish cases where a single address described more than one dwelling unit. In each such case, they were also required to complete a Kish grid as a means to identify randomly the particular dwelling to be targeted for a visit. On making contact with an occupant at each of the selected household addresses, interviewers were required in the first instance to establish if the household contained more than one person aged 15 years or over. In each such case, they were also required to select one person to be targeted for an interview. The selection process was achieved through the application of ‘the birthday rule’. The fieldwork was conducted between 1st March 2008 and 28th February 2009.

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2.

Questionnaire Design and Testing

2.1

Questionnaire Development and Scripting

The questionnaire was designed by Sport Wales with input from CELLO mruk research. In general, the questions included in the questionnaire were brought forward from previous Active Adults Surveys, ensuring comparability between surveys. A number of changes were made to the questionnaire compared to the 2004/5 survey. These were: ƒ an increase in the number of questions asked on volunteering, to include questions on the number of hours spent volunteering in sport in the previous four weeks, frequency of volunteering in the previous year, and whether the respondent would like to spend more time volunteering in sport (additional questions were lifted from the Welsh Assembly Government’s Living in Wales Survey, with time reference periods standardised at one year, and four weeks, for the various questions); ƒ the addition of questions on sports coaching received within sports club, by sport, and including frequency of coaching received and whether the coaching was delivered in the Welsh language; ƒ additional questions in the personal characteristics section of the questionnaire (based on questions included in the 2001 Census, and 2011 Census pilot, based on advice from the Welsh Assembly Government), and a question asking if the respondent would be interested in taking part in further research with or on behalf of Sport Wales; ƒ some amendments to the list of sports included in the participation section, to reflect sports participation trends, particularly in exercise and fitness activities. Two versions of the questionnaire were used in the first three months of the survey, as Sport Wales were interested to know whether the placement of the question on physical activity levels before or after questions on sports participation had an impact on reported physical activity levels. Following client approval, both questionnaires were then copied and pasted (not re-keyed) into the Bellview scripting software, and any additional programming instructions, rotations, routings, etc. were added at this point. The CAPI scripts were then subjected to four stages of checking by: 1. The Scripting team to ensure they have followed the requested instructions, 2. The Field Project Controller to ensure it satisfies the requirements from a Field management and interviewer perspective 3. By a Data Analyst to ensure the resultant data will match the required data specification, and 4. The Project Director to ensure that all instructions have been followed. All routings and pathways through the questionnaires were checked during all four stages and this approach also has the benefit of ensuring that the scripts were tested multiple times, by different people on different equipment, giving multiple opportunities for any errors to be found before the survey reaches the interviewers.

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The final questionnaire is shown at Appendices A (version 2) and the showcards are at Appendix B. 2.2

Questionnaire Testing

Following sign-off of the CAPI scripts a programme of piloting and cognitive testing was undertaken. The cognitive testing was conducted via a series of depth interviews with the aim of ascertaining the following: ƒ respondents’ understanding of each question ƒ what respondents think is meant by each question ƒ whether the questions are thought to be within the context of the survey instrument ƒ respondents’ degree of comfort in answering the questions ƒ the extent to which respondents feel that they can answer honestly based on their own experience Observational techniques were also employed to gather information on the response process e.g. length of time taken to answer questions, any long periods of thought, any sighs/signs of distress/boredom, body language etc. Alongside the cognitive testing, a full scale pilot was conducted. The aim of the pilot was to feedback on the following: ƒ Questionnaire length ƒ Question comprehension ƒ Consistency of response ƒ Final check of accuracy of CAPI script The pilot and the cognitive testing were undertaken in 5 Local Authorities, namely, Cardiff, Carmarthenshire, Wrexham, Blaenau Gwent and Gwynedd. These were chosen to ensure a mix of rural and urban settings, a spread of authorities across Wales and different sized authorities in terms of population. It was also important that the chosen authorities gave maximum opportunity to achieve the quotas set, particularly in terms of ethnic minorities, which would enable to questionnaires to be tested with a variety of different population characteristics. Interviewers were given starting addresses around which to achieve a set number of interviews within pre-determined quota controls. The pilot and cognitive testing aimed to cover a wide range of different demographics in order to thoroughly test the questionnaires amongst different audiences. The pilot consisted of 114 completed interviews and 20 cognitive reports. This fell slightly short of the target number of 150 completed interviews due to technical problems with the newly purchased CAPI machines. However, the number achieved was substantial for a pilot study, enabling sufficient interviews to be undertaken with the identified groups allowing the questionnaire to be tested with different target audiences. A report was produced on the results of the piloting and cognitive testing and can be found at Appendix C.

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The main findings of the pilot and cognitive testing report were as follows: ƒ Generally people were happy to take part and interested in the topic ƒ There were no issues with level of participation in sport affecting participation in survey. Those who didn’t do any sport also keen to take part ƒ No issues with questionnaire length/respondent fatigue ƒ Questions were generally easy to understand ƒ Welsh Language translation was considered to be of a high standard ƒ Showcards were thought to be very comprehensive As a result of the testing phase the following changes were made to the questionnaires:

ƒ Routing error at Q11a ƒ Code 99 for “don’t know” was included in Participation Section for number of times ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ 2.3

participated in each activity Club Membership section – script was changed to ensure 2 clubs asks about 2 clubs (not 3 clubs) Non-working respondents were routed past question 47 (travel to work) Club membership - Pool/darts were included in pre-codes for questions on sports covered and participated in Further research question was changed to ensure names can be liked to data file Welsh Assembly Government Survey Approval

As an Assembly Government Sponsored Body, Sport Wales must receive approval to undertake any survey from the Welsh Assembly Government’s Survey Approval Unit. The Unit ensures that the survey questionnaire and method is of sufficient quality, and that any survey will not create any necessary burden on respondents by duplicating surveys previously undertaken. Survey approval for the Active Adults Survey 2008-09 was given on 29th January 2008.

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3.

Sampling

This section discusses how the sample was structured in order to meet the objectives of the survey. 3.1

Sampling Frame and Method

The Postcode Address File was used as the sampling frame for this survey. It was agreed that a clustered random probability sampling approach should be employed, stratified by Local Authority. The requirement was for 22,000 completed interviews to be achieved - 1,000 in each Local Authority. In order to meet the target of 1,000 interviewers per Local Authority and 22,000 in total, 84 interviewers were required each month in each Local Authority. The survey structure was designed over a 12 month period to ensure that seasonal differences in sports participation were accounted for. Our sample design provided for even distribution and consistent sample sizes across each Local Authority on a monthly basis. This ensured that data collection accurately represents participation levels during any given month (or season). Table 1 shows the structure of the sample for each Local Authority per month. TABLE 1: Distribution of interviews across Local Authorities by month Local Authority Anglesey Blaenau Gwent Bridgend Caerphilly Cardiff Carmarthen Ceredigion Conwy Denbighshire Flintshire Gwynedd Merthyr Monmouthshire Neath and Port Talbot Newport Pembrokeshire Powys Rhondda Cynon Taf Swansea Torfaen Vale of Glamorgan Wrexham

Mar 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 1848

Apr 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 1848

May 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 1848

Jun 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 1848

Jul 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 1848

Aug 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 1848

Sep 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 1848

Oct 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 1848

Nov 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 1848

Dec 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 1848

Jan 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 1848

Feb 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 1848

Tot 1008 1008 1008 1008 1008 1008 1008 1008 1008 1008 1008 1008 1008 1008 1008 1008 1008 1008 1008 1008 1008 1008 22176

It was imperative that a 60% response rate was achieved for this survey in all Local Authorities and therefore, in order to achieve 84 interviewers per month in each Local Authority, a sample of 138 addresses per Local Authority, per month was drawn.

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Our sampling approach is summarised below in Figure 1 and then detailed in this section and sections 3.2 and 3.3. FIGURE 1 – Sampling process

Step 1

Sample Census Output Areas (OAs)

2

Sample 23 addresses from PAF for each OA

3

Issue samples to interviewers

4

If address has more than one household, a household randomly selected

5

If multi-occupancy household, one person is randomly selected for interview

6

Interviewer to make repeated attempts until sample exhausted or 14 interviews achieved

The first stage of the sampling process involved CACI, a leading provider of survey samples, randomly selecting 72 output areas in each Local Authority. (step 1) CACI then drew at random a sample of 23 addresses for each selected OA from which 14 interviews were achieved (step 2). This gave a total of 138 addresses per area per month. The addresses were issued to interviewers and they were to achieve 14 interviews from every set of 23 addresses – 84 interviews in total per Local Authority per month. Interviewers were required to make as many attempts at contact as necessary to achieve this, with the aim of achieving a minimum response rate of 60%. (step 3) 3.1.1

Integration of Double Sample

As discussed in Section 2.1, for the first three months there were two versions of the questionnaire containing the physical activity question set in a different order. The purpose of this was to test the impact that the positioning of the physical activity question set had on the answers people provide. In order to achieve this the sample was doubled during the first three months. The structure of the sample for the first three months was therefore as shown in Table 2 below.

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TABLE 2: Distribution of interviews across Local Authorities for the first three months Local Authority Anglesey Blaenau Gwent Bridgend Caerphilly Cardiff Carmarthen Ceredigion Conwy Denbighshire Flintshire Gwynedd Merthyr Monmouthshire Neath and Port Talbot Newport Pembrokeshire Powys Rhondda Cynon Taf Swansea Torfaen Vale of Glamorgan Wrexham

Questionnaire version 1 Mar Apr May 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 1848 1848 1848

Questionnaire version 2 Mar Apr May 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 1848 1848 1848

In order to achieve this, an extra 6 output areas were chosen per Local Authority, per month for the first 3 months of the survey, as per steps 1 and 2 of Figure 1 above. After the first two months the results of both sets of questionnaires were compared and a full set of comparative data tables were produced. The report recommended that Version 2 of the questionnaire was used for the remainder of the fieldwork for the following reasons: ƒ interviewers believed the questionnaire flowed better ƒ interviewer feedback was that respondents were more receptive to the physical activity question once they have built up a rapport with the interviewer ƒ test showed significantly higher levels of participation in all categories of activities A copy of this report is shown at Appendix D. Before the fourth month of fieldwork a decision was made by Sport Wales in consultation with the Welsh Assembly Government to proceed with version 2 of the questionnaire from Quarter 2 onwards as recommended in the report. Only those interviews using version 2 of the questionnaire are included in the final data set, therefore the final structure of the sample is as shown in Table 1 above. 3.2

Sampling of Households

If an addresses contained more than one household, the interviewers was required to randomly select a household to take part in the survey. (step 4) Multiple household addresses account for less than 1% of all addresses nationally. An example would be a house containing a number of bed-sits. A block of flats (or converted house) would normally be listed as one Postcode Address File address per flat.

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The number of households at the address was recorded on the questionnaire (as it is needed for weighting). If it was more than one, the interviewer randomly selected one household using a Kish grid. An example of the survey reference number (which is randomly assigned) being applied to a Kish grid is shown in Table 3 below. Kish grids were issued to each interviewer and were fully explained in the interviewer briefing. TABLE 3: Example of a Kish grid

SECOND LAST DIGIT OF SURVEY REFERENCE NUMBER

LAST DIGIT OF SURVEY REFERENCE NUMBER

3.3

Please Circle 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

4 8 1 5 3 7 2 9 7 6

3 7 3 4 0 7 6 8 9 4

6 2 3 0 2 4 6 3 1 9

0 3 9 1 8 5 1 2 0 2

7 4 0 7 4 2 5 4 5 2

5 6 4 3 1 0 7 8 6 5

1 9 2 5 9 3 8 6 7 3

1 5 1 5 7 1 0 5 1 8

2 0 6 9 6 8 9 8 4 8

9 6 2 6 3 9 4 1 4 5

Selection of Adults within Households

The first question in the questionnaire determined how many eligible adults (defined as aged 15 years or over) live within the household. If there was more than one, then the interviewer applied the ‘Birthday Rule’. This rule asks the birthdates of all household members and the interviewer then requests an interview with the person whose birthday falls next in the calendar. (step 5) If the person selected is available and willing to be interviewed then the interview could proceed; either at that time or at a later date / time preferred by the respondent. If this household member is not at home, then the interviewer would have attempted to take down the name of this person and, if possible, a contact telephone number that they can use to make contact with the person to arrange a date / time for interview. If this information is not supplied, then they would have returned on a different day and at a different time to attempt contact. (step 6) The first 14 addresses supplied had to be tried at least three times until either: ƒ A successful interview, or ƒ A refusal, or ƒ Three unsuccessful contacts (on different days and at different times).

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This meant that if, for example, an interviewer failed to make contact with any of the 14 selected household members on their first attempt, they could not move on to address number 15. However, if one of the initial 14 declined to take part then the 15th address could be attempted (to ‘replace’ the refusal). The minimum number of attempts, therefore, was three. However, the interviewers made an average of 6 attempts in order to achieve the required number of interviews.

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4.

Fieldwork

4.1

Fieldwork Period

Fieldwork took place between for 12 months between the 1st March 2008 and the 28th February 2009. 4.2

Our Interviewers

CELLO mruk research operate our own Wales-based fieldwork team of interviewers. We therefore had an instantly available bank of skilled, experienced and fully trained market research interviewers (including Welsh speakers) who were engaged on this project. Our field interviewers work for CELLO mruk on a freelance basis; that is, they are paid on a project-by-project basis. All the interviewers that we employed for this work had previous experience of in-home interviews and many had worked on previous Sport Wales surveys. 4.3

Interviewer Training and Briefing

Prior to the start of interviewing, two comprehensive face-to-face briefings were conducted with all interviewers and Area Supervisors – one in Cardiff and one in Wrexham. The briefing sessions helped to ensure that the interviewers had a clear understanding of the background to the research including the research objectives. During the briefings the questionnaire was reviewed in depth using the CAPI machines. Briefing notes written by the Research Director (and approved by the client) are also supplied at the briefing session. A copy of the notes can be seen at Appendix E. The briefing ended with a questions and answers session. The briefings were attended by Richard Harry of Sport Wales, who gave an overview of the project and answered queries from interviewers where necessary. 4.4

Contact Procedures

4.4.1

Advanced Letter

A letter was sent out to all of the household on the sample given them advanced notice that they had been chosen at random to take part in the survey. The aims of the letter, signed by the Chief Executive of Sport Wales, were to: Explain the purpose and importance of the survey Tell the household who was conducting the survey and who would be calling Encourage the household to take part Assure the household of the confidentiality of the survey Give contact details should they have any queries regarding the survey of wish to be removed from the sample

ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ

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The letter was sent out to each months sample at the end of the previous month e.g. March addresses were sent a letter at the end of February to ensure that the letter arrived in advance of the interviewer. A copy of the letter is included in Appendix F. 4.4.2

Contacting Respondents

Individual interviewers carried out the following procedures:ƒ showed their ID card - all mruk interviewers carried an MRS identification card which was presented to respondents ‘on the doorstep ƒ explained who commissioned the survey and its purpose, ƒ stressed both the randomness of selection of the respondent and the confidentiality of the interview, ƒ advised that the interview was conducted in accordance with the Code of Conduct of the Market Research Society, ƒ gave an estimate of how long the interview is likely to last, ƒ made an appointment to return at another time if required, ƒ advised disabled and vulnerable respondents that the interview could take place along with their carers, or with relatives or friends, ƒ at the close of each interview, provided the respondent with a thank-you leaflet giving further contact details for mruk (including a free-phone number staffed by our fieldwork department with ansaphone outside office hours). The interviewing team operated during weekdays between 9:00am and 8:00pm, and at weekends between 10:00am and 6:00pm. These times ensured sufficient opportunity for call-backs to be made at varying times of the day, enabled respondents to take part in interviews at times that suit them best, and allowed the interviewing team to also operate a flexible appointments system. At least one call was made in the early evening and at least one was made at the weekend. 4.4.3

Confidentiality

Respondents were reassured of the confidentiality of the survey via the advanced letter and again by the interviewer during the survey introduction. CELLO mruk research is committed to following the National Statistics Code of Practice and adhering to the principles of the Data Protection Act for all research conducted. 4.4.4

Welsh Speaking Interviewers

This research fully met the requirements of Sport Wales’ Welsh Language Scheme. All survey materials were available in English and Welsh and both versions of the questionnaire were programmed into the CAPI system. Sport Wales’ translation service was used for the translation of the questionnaire and other documents as required. All respondents were interviewed in the language of their choice, with their preference for Welsh or English established upon commencing the interview. Welsh speaking

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interviewers were allocated to work in areas where the proportion of Welsh Speakers are highest. However, in the event that the interviewer present was not a Welsh speaker, an appointment was made for a Welsh speaker to call back to conduct the interview. 477 Welsh language interviews were conducted during the course of the research. 4.4.5

Provision for Minority Groups

mruk encourage all respondents to take part in any survey regardless of language, disability or illness. All mruk interviews have undertaken disability awareness training and will have made any necessary arrangements to allow the selected respondent to take part in the survey e.g. visual aids for deaf respondents, reading out showcards to the visually impaired, making an appointment to call back when a carer/another family member is available to accompany the respondent etc. Respondents were given the opportunity to participate in any language of their choice. In the case of respondents who wish to be interviewed in a language other than English or Welsh, interviewers will have established (usually through another household member) in which language the interview should be conducted and arranged for a bi-lingual interviewer to contact them by phone to ask if they would like to participate and, if so, arrange a time and date for the interview. 4.5

Data Collection

The Active Adults Survey was conducted using Computer Aided Personal Interviewing. This was the first year that this survey was conducted in this way and was previously administered using paper and pen interviewing (PAPI). The survey was conducted using the Bellview CAPI system. The highlights of the survey can be summarized as follows: ƒ Electronic data transfer of collected data (e.g. daily, overnight) ƒ Easy updating of questionnaires during the course of a survey (if required) ƒ Full reporting facilities available including sample and achievement management facilities ƒ Multimedia support including images, sound and video (if desired) ƒ Customisable interviewer interface ƒ Full logic checking, question skipping, answer masking and ability to redo questions (should respondent advise of an incorrect response) ƒ Grids of any description or size ƒ Ability to type in numeric and character information ƒ Direct entry of open-end responses (typing or recording as a sound file) ƒ Interviewers, surveys, survey assignments and sample management are controlled from one central site Showcards accompanied the questionnaire and these were given on paper to the respondent and referred to by the interviewer as and when appropriate. On average the interview length was 21 minutes.

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At the end of each interviewer shift, the survey data was uploaded onto our dedicated interviewing data server by each interviewer using either a dial up or a broadband connection in their own home. Our Virtual Private Network (VPN) system ensures the security of the data during transfer. 4.6

Monitoring Interviewer Performance

For this survey, as with all surveys, 10% of each interviewer’s quota was back checked to ensure that key facts were recorded correctly and that the interviewer was courteous throughout the interview. Back checking involves an assigned and trained back checker telephoning respondents and asking them a variety of questions that is checked against the completed questionnaire, the outcome of which is recorded on a validation form. These questions include : ƒ Was the interviewer polite and courteous? ƒ Did the interviewer show their ID card? ƒ Was the name, address, age, occupation of the chief wage earner recorded correctly? ƒ Was the quota question adhered to (if applicable)? ƒ Were showcards / visual aids shown? ƒ A random question from the questionnaire. ƒ Length of interview.

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5.

Response

5.1

Interview Outcome Data

In order that an analysis of the response rate could be provided, interviewers recorded in full the final outcome of each sampled address. A list of outcome categories is shown below in Table 4, and is comparable with lists used for other major national surveys. TABLE 4: Interview outcomes Deadwood Not built/does not exist Derelict/demolished Empty/vacant Business/industrial Institution/communal establishment Second home/not main residence Other deadwood (ie. unusable address) Unknown eligibility Address not traced Unproductive outcomes No contact made with household No contact made with selected respondent Personal refusal (ie. by selected respondent) Proxy refusal (ie. by another household member) Office refusal Broken appointment Temporarily ill/incapacitated Physically or mentally unable Away/in hospital Other reason for refusal Productive Successful interview In addition to the above outcome codes, there were also a small number of addresses that remained unused i.e. because the interviewer achieved the desired number of interviews before needing to use all of the addresses on the list. As illustrated in section 5.2, these were removed from the sample for the purpose of calculating the response rate.

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The following table is a summary of the contact sheets by region. TABLE 5: SUMMARY OF CONTACT SHEETS % of addresses

Addresses to date FIELDWORK OUTCOMES (n) Not built/does not exist Derelict/demolished Empty/vacant Business/industrial Institutional/communal establishment Second home/not main residence Other deadwood (e.g unusable address) Address not traced No contact made with household No contact made with selected respondent Personal refusal i.e. by selected respondent Proxy refusal i.e. by another member of household Refusal as a result of letter/Office refusal Broken appointment Temporarily ill/incapacitated Physical or mentally unable Away/in hospital Other reason for refusal Unused Successful Interview Total addresses issued

NORTH WALES REGION 70 45 55 52 71 53 60 89 2746 317 496 138 151 165 141 47 102 56 6 7560 12420

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

SOUTH WEST WALES REGION 42 29 42 25 23 42 44 51 2418 239 463 143 123 119 120 31 60 34 2 6300 10350

SOUTH EAST WALES REGION 73 59 77 45 58 39 60 95 5545 407 1008 233 295 330 261 59 192 68 6 13860 22770

WALES 185 133 174 122 152 134 164 235 10709 963 1967 514 569 614 522 137 354 158 14 27720 45540

<1% <1% <1% <1% <1% <1% <1% <1% 24% 2% 4% 1% 1% 1% 1% <1% 1% <1% <1% 61% 100%

Page 17

The following table is a summary of the contact sheets by region for Version 2 only (excluding the double sample) TABLE 6: SUMMARY OF CONTACT SHEETS (VERSION 2 ONLY) % of addresses

Addresses to date FIELDWORK OUTCOMES (n) Not build/does not exist Derelict/demolished Empty/vacant Business/industrial Institutional/communal establishment Second home/not main residence Other deadwood (e.g unusable address) Address not traced No contact made with household No contact made with selected respondent Personal refusal i.e. by selected respondent Proxi refusal i.e. by another member of household Refusal as a result of letter/Office refusal Broken appointment Temporarily ill/incapacitated Physical or mentally unable Away/in hospital Other reason for refusal Unused Successful Interview Total addresses issued

5.2

NORTH WALES REGION 48 33 35 39 43 31 40 63 2264 251 414 117 117 135 110 33 76 35 4 6048 9936

SOUTH WEST WALES REGION 33 20 36 19 20 34 36 41 1941 185 379 106 106 90 91 21 51 29 2 5040 8280

SOUTH EAST WALES REGION 64 42 59 37 48 33 57 76 4436 354 794 182 232 261 207 45 142 56 3 11088 18216

WALES 145 95 130 95 111 98 133 180 8641 790 1587 405 455 486 408 99 269 120 9 22176 36432

<1% <1% <1% <1% <1% <1% <1% <1% 24% 2% 4% 1% 1% 1% 1% <1% 1% <1% <1% 61% 100%

Response Rates

A survey response rate is the result of dividing the number of people who took part in the survey with the number of people who were eligible to take part. This calculation is shown below. response rate =

productive

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Total sample – deadwood – unknown eligibility - unused Using the above formula the response rate for this survey was 63%. When removing the double sample from the first three months the response rate still remains at 63%. 5.2

Response Rates by Local Authority and Region

This section shows the response rates by Local Authority and region. The response rate is consistent amongst each region and Local Authority due sampling method and the need for interviewers to achieve exactly 14 addresses out of each set of 23 (see section 3.1).

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The response rates shown are for Version 2 i.e. they exclude the double sample in the first three months. TABLE 6: REPONSE RATE BY LOCAL AUTHORITY AND REGION Local Authority Response rate % Blaenau Gwent 62% Bridgend 63% Caerphilly 62% Cardiff 62% Merthyr Tydfil 63% Monmouthshire 62% Newport 62% Rhondda, Cynon, Taff 63% Powys 62% Torfaen 62% Vale of Glamorgan 63% Carmarthenshire 63% Ceredigion 63% Neath Port Talbot 63% Pembrokeshire 63% Swansea 63% Conwy 64% Denbighshire 62% Flintshire 63% Gwynedd 63% Isle of Anglesey 62% Wrexham 63% North Wales 63% South West Wales 63% South East Wales 63% Total 63%

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6.

6.1

Data Processing

Data Entry and Collation

Due to the fact that all interviewing was done on CAPI, no data entry was required, thereby eliminating potential data punching errors. At the end of every interviewing shift, survey data was uploaded onto our dedicated interviewing data server by each interviewer using either a dial up internet or a broadband connection from their own home. The collected data was then exported directly into SPSS. 6.2

Data Coding and Editing

Following completion of fieldwork, open-ended responses were coded. Coding of openended responses is conducted in-house by our analysis department. A coding team was allocated to the job and was briefed by the project manager. As coding frames were not agreed in advance, they were prepared from the verbatim responses. A standard format was used for coding frames including codes for “don’t know” and “non response”. Social Grade is the socio-economic classification used by the Market Research Industry and is based on the following classifications: ƒ AB: Higher and intermediate managerial/administrative/professional ƒ C1: Supervisory, clerical, junior managerial/administrative/professional ƒ C2: Skilled manual workers ƒ D: Semi-skilled and unskilled manual workers ƒ E: On state benefit, unemployed, lowest grade workers Interviewers are given training on how to code this by asking respondents a series of questions regarding their occupation, their qualifications and the number of staff they are responsible for. At least 5% of the coding was checked. The number / proportion checked, the level of error found and the action to be taken was recorded eg. re-coding some / all questionnaires, further training of coder, etc. At this stage, 10% of all interviews are back-checked (or ‘validated’) as detailed in section 4.8. Following the coding and back checking stages, a process of data checking begins, including range and logic checks on the data. Firstly, data files were then checked to ensure they include the correct number of records (as per Fieldwork department records). An edit program was prepared and tested before use. Records are made so that any changes made in data files through editing are fully traceable and transparent, this

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includes where changes were made on a case by case (manual) basis. Data files and the edit programmes were labelled to identify the project and the nature of the file (e.g. original and cleaned data). Once we were satisfied of having a clean and accurate data file, the process of constructing the required derived variables took place – a list of which was agreed in advance with Sport Wales. At this stage the agreed weighting protocol was applied to the data (see section 7). At the end of the project a full SPSS data files including all survey variables was provided to Sport Wales. A separate file was also provided containing the full survey results along with contact details of those who agreed to take part in further research. Permission was sought from respondents for their details to be attached to their responses to the survey.

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7.

Weighting & Sampling Errors

7.1

Weighting

The weighting strategy was devised by Sport Wales in conjunction with CELLO mruk’s consultant statistician Iain McLaurin and the Statistical Directorate in the Welsh Assembly Government. The weighting of the data was carried out over a number of stages. These weights accounted for the selection of the respondents, non-response and adjustment weights to account for demographic factors. The demographic factors included age, gender, economic activity and prevalence of limiting long-term illness. Selection weighting (1) There were three weightings applied for the selection of the respondents based on the selection of address at the Local Authority level, selection of the address at the street level and selection of the respondent within the household. Local Authority Address Selection Weight - this weight accounts for the over-sampling and under-sampling of LAs based on the number of household addresses within each LA. Household Selection Weight - the Household Selection Weight is the number of households found at a selected address. Respondent Selection Weight - this is the number of people living in a household found at a selected address. These make up the Combined Selection Weight which is the reciprocal of the reciprocal of product of the Local Authority Selection weight, the household selection weight and the respondent selection weight. Non-response weight (2) A Non-Response Weight was then calculated for each Local Authority based on response rates by the 5 ACORN groups. Core sample weight (1x2) The Core Sample Weight was then calculated by multiplying the Combined Selection Weight by the Non-Response Weight. The result of this weighting was then scaled uniformly so it represented the number of the respondents in the survey (22,176).

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Raking weights (3) Raking weights were used to adjust the weightings to match the characteristics of age, gender, limiting long-term illness and economic activity within each LA. Overall weights. Wales Weight: Rescaling for Local Authority Size - To ensure that the contribution of each Welsh LA was commensurate to its population size, during the raking process, totals for each Local Authority were entered representing the actual distribution of the population of Wales by Local Authority. Local Authority Weight The Wales Weight calculated from raking gives totals that sum to the relative proportion of each LA’s contribution to the population of Wales. In the survey, however, 1,008 people were surveyed per LA. Thus, for presentation of the weights at a LA level, rescaling was required so that each LA summed to 1,008 respondents when a weighting was applied. Full details of the weighting protocol is attached at Appendix G. 7.2

Sampling Errors and Design Effects

Tables were run on the data to produce Sampling Errors and Design Effects for key questions. There tables are shown in Appendix H.

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Appendix A

Questionnaire Version 2

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

APPROVED BY:

Executive

Field

Computing

DATE APPROVED:

OFFICE USE Serial Number Kj20471 SPORTS COUNCIL FOR WALES ADULT PARTICIPTION IN SPORTS NAME INTERVIEWER ID NUMBER ADDRESS QUESTIONNAIR E NUMBER POSTCODE

AGE

TELEPHONE

Social class

AB C1

1 2

C2

3

DE

4

Occupation of Chief Wage Earner:

Good morning/afternoon/evening. My name is _________________ from mruk research limited. We have been commissioned by the Sports Council for Wales to carry out a survey. You have been selected at random for this survey, and I wonder if I could ask you some questions? It should take approximately 20 minutes, and all the answers you give will be kept completely confidential. This interview has been conducted within the Code of Conduct of the Market Research Society. INTERVIEWER SIGN

_____________________________

INTERVIEWER PRINT

_____________________________

DATE OF INTERVIEW

_____________________________

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

OFFICE USE Serial Number

(5)

(6)

(7)

(1)

(8)

(9)

(2)

(10)

(3)

(11)

(4)

(12)

(13)

JOB NUMBE R (14)

(15)

(16)

(17)

(18)

(19)

(20)

(21)

(22)

(23)

(24)

(25)

INTERVIEWER ID NUMBER QUESTIONNAIRE NUMBER

DO NOT FILL IN RESPONDENT DETAILS ON THIS PAGE FILL IN ALL OTHER INFO

START TIME

THANKS

FINISH TIME

This interview has been conducted within the Code of Conduct of the Market Research Society. INTERVIEWER SIGN

_____________________________

INTERVIEWER PRINT

_____________________________

DATE OF INTERVIEW

_____________________________

EDITED BY DATE INTERVIEWER CODE:

(26)

(27)

CODED BY DATE

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

(28)

(29)

S1

Sample references WRITE IN NUMBER:

S2

Number of dwelling in household: WRITE IN NUMBER:

(35)

(36)

S3

Number of adults aged 15 or over in household: WRITE IN NUMBER:

(38)

(39)

SECTION 1 Q1

(31)

(32)

(33)

(34)

(37)

WELSH LANGUAGE

Can you understand, speak, read or write Welsh? Understand spoken Welsh Speak Welsh Read Welsh Write Welsh None of the above

Q2

(30)

ROUTE 1 1 1 1 1

Q4 Q2

(40) (41) (42) (43)

Q4 Q4

(44)

Which of the following best describes your ability in Welsh? SHOWCARD 1

ROUTE (45)

I’m fluent in Welsh I speak a fair amount of Welsh I can only speak a little Welsh I can only say just a few words Q3

1 2 3 4

Q3

Would you like to take part in this interview in Welsh?

ROUTE (46)

Yes No

1 2

INSTRUCTION Q4

INSTRUCTION: Switch to Welsh version (if bilingual interviewer) or make an appointment for a bilingual Interviewer to call.

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

SECTION 2 or SECTION 7: PHYSICAL ACTIVITY (SECTION 2) The next set of questions are about your physical activity over the last week. Physical activity includes the sports you are involved in, as well as things like walking from place to place, active tasks that are part of your work, doing your housework and gardening, as physical activity includes anything that involves movement. OR (SECTION 7) The next set of questions are about your physical activity over the last week. You have already told me about the sports you are involved in but now I also want to know about things like walking from place to place, active tasks that are part of your work, doing your housework and gardening, as physical activity includes anything that involves movement.

SHOWCARD A SHOWCARD A shows some examples of light, moderate and vigorous physical activities. I am going to ask you to think about any moderate or vigorous physical activity, such as those listed on this card, that you have done over the last seven days (starting with yesterday and working back to ). Day of the week to be recorded for each day. Q4

Interviewer to record day

Q4a

Did you do any light, moderate or vigorous physical activity yesterday? Please think about all activities you did as well as the examples on showcard A. 1 2

Yes No

GO TO QUESTION Q4b GO TO QUESTION Q5a

Q4b – Q4k What was the first…tenth thing you did on? USE LIST PROVIDED Activity 1 Activity 2 Activity 3 Activity 4 Activity 5 Activity 6 Activity 7 Activity 8 Activity 9 Activity 10

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

Q4b6a & Q4b6b….. Q4k6a & Q4k6b HHow long did you spend doing ? Hours Minutes

List of Activities 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53

American football Archery Athletics (track or field) (indoor) Athletics (track or field) (outdoor) Badminton Baseball Basketball (indoor) Basketball (outdoor) Billiards BMX Bowls (Indoor) Bowls (outdoor) Boxing Canoeing Car Rallying Caving Cheerleading Climbing - indoors Climbing - outdoors Competitive Weight Lifting Cricket (Indoor) Cricket (outdoor) Curling Cycling Darts Diving (indoor) Diving (outdoor) Fencing Fishing/Angling Football (indoor) Football (outdoor) Gaelic sports Game Shooting Golf (inc. pitch and putt) Gymnastics Handball Hang Gliding Hockey (Indoor) Hockey (outdoor) Horse Riding/Jumping Ice Hockey Ice Skating Jogging Karting / motor racing Kayaking Lacrosse Lifesaving / Surf lifesaving Moto Cross/Scrambling Mountain biking Mountaineering/rock climbing Netball (Indoor) Netball (outdoor) Orienteering

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108

Pool Rambling/hill & fell walking Road running/cross country Roller Skating (indoor) Rollerblading / In-line skating Rounders Rowing Rugby league Rugby union Sailing Skateboarding (Indoor) Skateboarding (Outdoor) Skiing Skittles Snooker Snowboarding Softball Squash Street hockey Sub Aqua Surfing Swimming (indoor) Swimming (outdoor) Table Tennis Target Shooting (indoor) Target/Clay Pigeon Shooting (outdoor) Tennis (indoor) Tennis (outdoor) Tenpin bowling Trampolining Triathlon Tug-Of-War Volleyball (indoor) Volleyball (outdoor) Walking Water polo Water skiing Wind surfing or Boardsurfing Wrestling Yachting MARTIAL ARTS - Judo MARTIAL ARTS - Karate MARTIAL ARTS - Taekwondo MARTIAL ARTS - Tai Chi (indoor) MARTIAL ARTS - Tai Chi (outdoor) MARTIAL ARTS - Other Martial Arts EXERCISE AND FITNESS - Toning activities EXERCISE AND FITNESS - Weight training for fitness EXERCISE AND FITNESS - Body building EXERCISE AND FITNESS - Circuit training EXERCISE AND FITNESS - Exercise bike / exercise machine / step machine EXERCISE AND FITNESS - Keepfit / dance exercise / aerobics EXERCISE AND FITNESS - Yoga / pilates EXERCISE AND FITNESS - Other fitness sessions DANCE - Folk Dancing / Line Dancing

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 999

DANCE - Street dance DANCE - Breakdancing DANCE - Hip-hop DANCE - Disco dancing DANCE - Informal dancing DANCE - Other dance HOUSEHOLD TASKS - Vacuuming HOUSEHOLD TASKS - Gardening HOUSEHOLD TASKS - DIY HOUSEHOLD TASKS - Cleaning HOUSEHOLD TASKS - Moving furniture HOUSEHOLD TASKS - Washing the car HOUSEHOLD TASKS - Carrying shopping HOUSEHOLD TASKS - Other household task Work related physical activity None of the above Other (Please specify)

INSTRUCTION: ASK Q4b5…Q4k5 IF CODES 14, 16, 33, 36, 37, 45, 47, 55, 57, 58, 64, 65, 69, 73, 74, 77, 83, 85, 88, 89, 92, 107, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113, 114, 119, 122, 123 at Q4b – Q4k (115, 116, 117, 118, 120, 121 removed) ASK Q4b6…Q4k6 IF CODES 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 10, 15, 17, 20, 24, 26, 27, 28, 30, 31, 35, 38, 40, 42, 44, 48, 49, 51, 52, 53, 60, 71, 75, 76, 80, 81, 86, 87, 91, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 105 AT Q4b – Q4k IF CODES 116, 117, 118, 120, 121 ASK Q4b5 – Q4k5 ONLY AND THEN PROCEED TO Q5 ALL OTHER CODES GO TO 5 Q4b7 – Q4k7

Was the effort you put into (INSERT FROM Q4e(ii)) enough to raise your breathing rate for 10 minutes or more? ROUTE (47)

Yes No Q4b8 – Q4k8

1 2

Q4b8..Q4k8 Q5

Was the effort you put into (INSERT FROM Q4e(ii)) enough to make you out of breath or sweat for 10 minutes or more? ROUTE (48)

Yes No

1 2

All Q5s

As all Q4s for day 2

All Q6s

As all Q4s for day 3

All Q7s

As all Q4s for day 4

All Q8s

As all Q4s for day 5

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

Q5

All Q9s

As all Q4s for day 6

All Q10s

As all Q4s for day 7

IF NO PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AT Q4 – 10 GO TO Q12 Q11a

What would be the main reason why you take part in sport or physical activity? DO NOT PROMPT (49)

I enjoy the competition I want to keep fit I want to stay healthy I want to relieve stress I want to acquire new skills I want to have fun I want to socialise/be with friends Don’t know Other (please specify)

Q11b

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Q11b

And what would you say your other reasons are for taking part in sport or physical activity? DO NOT PROMPT I enjoy the competition I want to keep fit I want to stay healthy I want to relieve stress I want to acquire new skills I want to have fun I want to socialise/be with friends Other (please specify)

Q12

ROUTE (50)

1 1 1 1 1 1 1

(51) (52) (53) (54) (55) (56) (57)

(58)

(59)

ROUTE

Q12

Do you feel that you currently undertake enough physical activity? (60)

Yes No Don’t know

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

1 2 3

Q13

SECTION 3: PARTICIPATION Q13aa – Q13bd

Which if any of the outdoor games and activities shown on this card have you taken part in within the last 4 weeks ending yesterday? SHOWCARD B American football Archery Athletics (track or field) (outdoor) Baseball Basketball (outdoor) Bowls (outdoor) Cricket (outdoor) Diving (outdoor) Football (outdoor) Gaelic sports Golf (inc. pitch and putt) Hockey (outdoor) Jogging Lacrosse Netball (outdoor) Road running/cross country Rounders Rugby league Rugby union Softball Street hockey Swimming (outdoor) Tai Chi (outdoor) Target/Clay Pigeon Shooting (outdoor) Tennis (outdoor) Triathlon Tug-Of-War Volleyball (outdoor) None of the above Other (Please specify)

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

(61)

(90)

(91)

(62) (63) (64) (65) (66) (67) (68) (69) (70) (71) (72) (73) (74) (75) (76) (77) (78) (79) (80) (81) (82) (83) (84) (85) (86) (87) (88) (89)

ROUTE Q13a Q13b Q13c Q13d Q13e Q13f Q13g Q13h Q13i Q13j Q13k Q13l Q13m Q13n Q13o Q13p Q13q Q13r Q13s Q13t Q13u Q13v Q13w Q13x Q13y Q13z Q13aa Q13ab Q14 Q13ac

FOR EACH ACTIVITY MENTIONED ASK: Q13aa 1 – Q13bd 1

How many times in the last four weeks have you taken part in (INSERT FROM Q13)? CODE 99 FOR DON’T KNOW ROUTE (92)

WRITE IN NUMBER:

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

(93)

Q14

Q14aa – Q14cc

Which if any of the indoor games and activities shown on this card have you taken part in within the last 4 weeks ending yesterday? SHOWCARD C

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

ROUTE

Athletics (track or field) (Indoor) Badminton Basketball (Indoor) Billiards Bowls (Indoor) Boxing Cheerleading Climbing – indoors Competitive Weight Lifting Cricket (Indoor) Curling Darts Diving (indoor) Fencing Football (indoor) Gymnastics Handball Hockey (Indoor) Ice Hockey Ice Skating Netball (Indoor) Pool Roller Skating (indoor) Skateboarding (Indoor) Skittles Snooker Squash Swimming (indoor) Table Tennis Target Shooting (indoor) Tennis (indoor) Tenpin bowling Trampolining Volleyball (indoor) Water polo Wrestling Judo Karate Taekwondo Tai Chi (indoor) Other Martial Arts (please specify) Toning activities

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

(94) (95) (96) (97) (98) (99) (100) (101) (102) (103) (104) (105) (106) (107) (108) (109) (110) (111) (112) (113) (114) (115) (116) (117) (118) (119) (120) (121) (122) (123) (124) (125) (126) (127) (128) (129) (130) (131) (132) (133)

(134)

(135)

1

(136)

Q14a Q14b Q14c Q14d Q14e Q14f Q14g Q14h Q14i Q14j Q14k Q14l Q14m Q14n Q14o Q14p Q14q Q14r Q14s Q14t Q14u Q14v Q14w Q14x Q14y Q14z Q14aa Q14ab Q14ac Q14ad Q14ae Q14af Q14ag Q14ah Q14ai Q14aj Q14ak Q14al Q14am Q14an Q14ao Q14ap

Weight training for fitness Body building Circuit training Exercise bike / exercise machine / step machine Keepfit / dance exercise / aerobics Yoga / pilates

1 1

(138)

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Other fitness sessions (please specify) Breakdancing Disco dancing Folk Dancing / Line Dancing Hip-hop Street dance Other dance (please specify) Other (please specify) None of the above

(137) (139) (140) (141) (142) (143) (144) (145) (146) (147) (148)

(149)

(150)

(151)

(152)

1 (153)

Q14aq Q14ar Q14as Q14at Q14au Q14av Q14aw Q14ax Q14ay Q14az Q14ba Q14bb Q14bc Q14bd Q15

FOR EACH ACTIVITY MENTIONED ASK: Q14aa a – Q14ba z

How many times in the last four weeks have you taken part in (INSERT FROM Q14)? CODE 99 FOR DON’T KNOW ROUTE (154)

WRITE IN NUMBER:

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

(155)

Q15

Q15aa – Q15be

Which if any of the outdoor pursuits shown on this card have you taken part in within the last 4 weeks ending yesterday? SHOWCARD D BMX Canoeing Car Rallying Caving Climbing - outdoors Cycling Fishing/Angling Game Shooting Hang Gliding Horse Riding/Jumping Karting / motor racing Kayaking Lifesaving / Surf lifesaving Moto Cross/Scrambling Mountain biking Mountaineering/rock climbing Orienteering Rambling/hill & fell walking Rollerblading / In-line skating Rowing Sailing Skateboarding (Outdoor) Skiing Snowboarding Sub Aqua Surfing Walking (over 2 miles) Water skiing Wind surfing or Boardsurfing Yachting Other (RECORD) None of the above

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

(156)

(186)

(187)

(157) (158) (159) (160) (161) (162) (163) (164) (165) (166) (167) (168) (169) (170) (171) (172) (173) (174) (175) (176) (177) (178) (179) (180) (181) (182) (183) (184) (185)

1 (188)

ROUTE Q15a Q15b Q15c Q15d Q15e Q15f Q15g Q15h Q15i Q15j Q15k Q15l Q15m Q15n Q15o Q15p Q15q Q15r Q15s Q15t Q15u Q15v Q15w Q15x Q15y Q15z Q15aa Q15ac Q15ad Q15ae Q15af Q16

FOR EACH ACTIVITY MENIONED ASK: Q15aa a Q15ba e

How many times in the last four weeks have you taken part in (INSERT FROM Q15)? CODE 99 FOR DON’T KNOW ROUTE (189)

WRITE IN NUMBER:

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

(190)

Q16

Q15ca

What are the reasons why you walked over 2 miles in the past 4 weeks? DO NOT PROMPT

ROUTE

Purely as a means of exercise Competitive walking Walking for pleasure (e.g. walking in the countryside) To get from A to B (shops, work, friends etc) To walk the dog Other (please specify)

Q16

1 1 1 1 1

(191) (192) (193) (194) (195)

(196)

(197)

Q16

Now thinking about the past 12 months, have you taken part in any organised competition for any sports or recreational physical activities? Please do not include teaching, coaching or refereeing. Yes No Don’t know

1 2 3

(198) (199) (200)

IF NONE CODED AT Q13 AND Q14 AND Q15 ASK A17, OTHERWISE GO TO 18

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

INSTRUCTION

Q17

Which of these reasons describes why you do not participate in sports or physical activity? SHOWCARD E IF ANSWERED 1 or 2 at Q2 OTHERWISE SHOWCARD F I’m too old I’m not fit enough It costs too much There is a lack of facilities or clubs in my area Too far / difficult to travel to clubs / facilities I’m not confident enough I don’t think I’m good enough at sport Clubs/facilities do not cater for my level of ability Too busy at work Family commitments Too much effort / can’t be bothered Haven’t got around to it yet Would rather spend my leisure time doing other things Just not interested in any form of sport/physical activity I don’t see any benefits in taking part in sport/physical activity No one to go with There is no Welsh language activity provision in my area I’ve never been asked to take part I don’t know where to go (and learn) Lack of coaching available People who run clubs are unfriendly I don’t have the necessary minimum skill base/competency I feel embarrassed playing sport I have a disability, illness or injury that prevents me from taking part Other (Please specify) No reason Don’t know

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 (225)

1 1

(201) (202) (203) (204) (205) (206) (207) (208) (209) (210) (211) (212) (213) (214) (215) (216) (217) (218) (219) (220) (221) (222) (223) (224) (226) (227) (228)

ROUTE

Q18

SECTION 4: CLUB MEMBERSHIP

Q18

I would like to ask you about sports clubs and organisations. By this I mean pure sports clubs that cover one or more sports, as well as leisure centres and fitness centres. Are you currently a member of any sports clubs or organisations? THIS MAY BE PART OF A FAMILY OR GROUP MEMBERSHIP Yes No Don’t know

Q19

1 2 3

(229) (230) (231)

How many sports clubs or organisations do you currently belong to?

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

Q23 ROUTE

(232)

WRITE IN NUMBER:

Q19

(233)

INSTRUCTION

INSTRUCTION: IF MORE THAN 3 CLUBS AT Q19 ASK THEM TO ANSWER ON THE THREE THEY ATTEND MOST

Q20a

Thinking about the (first) club that you belong to is this club a pure sports club which covers one or more sports or is it a leisure centre/fitness centre? Pure Sports Club Leisure Centre/Fitness Centre

Q20b

(234) (235)

Which sports or sports does your club/organisation cover? Athletics/Marathon/CrossCountry/Road Running Badminton Bowls Boxing Canoeing Cricket Cycling Darts Fishing Football Golf Hockey Horse riding Motor sport – Car Rallying/Moto Cross/Motor Cycle Racing Netball Pool Rugby Union Sailing/yachting Snooker/billiards Squash Swimming Tennis Weight Training or Weight Lifting Judo Karate Other martial arts (please specify) Exercise machines (e.g. step machine, rowing machine, treadmill) Any fitness class Other (please specify)

Q20c

1 2

Q20b ROUTE

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 (261)

1 1 (265)

(236) (237) (238) (239) (240) (241) (242) (243) (244) (245) (246) (247) (248) (249) (250) (251) (252) (253) (254) (255) (256) (257) (258) (259) (260) (262) (263) (264) (266)

Q20c

Do you personally participate in a sport or sports with your club? Yes No

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

1 2

(267) (268)

Q20d Q20e

Q20da – Q20da b

Which sports or sports do you participate in?

ROUTE Athletics/Marathon/CrossCountry/Road Running Badminton Bowls Boxing Canoeing Cricket Cycling Darts Fishing Football Golf Hockey Horse riding Motor sport – Car Rallying/Moto Cross/Motor Cycle Racing Netball Pool Rugby Union Sailing/yachting Snooker/billiards Squash Swimming Tennis Weight Training or Weight Lifting Judo Karate Other martial arts (please specify) Exercise machines (e.g. step machine, rowing machine, treadmill) Any fitness class Other (please specify)

Q20e

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 (294)

1 1 (298)

(269) (270) (271) (272) (273) (274) (275) (276) (277) (278) (279) (280) (281) (282) (283) (284) (285) (286) (287) (288) (289) (290) (291) (292) (293) (295) (296) (297) (299)

Q20e

If the membership of this club part of either a family or group membership or is it personal to you? Family/group membership Personal membership

1 2

(300) (301)

INSTRUCTION 1: ASK Q20f if Q20c is YES, OTHERWISE GO TO INSTRUCTION 3

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

INSTRUCTION 1

Q20f1 – Q20f2 9

How frequently have you received sports coaching or instruction in this activity over the last 12 months? ROUTE (302)

Twice a week or more At least once a week At least once a month At least once every six months At lease once in the last year No coaching received

1 2 3 4 5 6

INSTRUCTION 2 INSTRUCTION 3

INSTRUCTION 2: ASK Q20g ONLY IF ANSWERED 1 or 2 AT Q2. Q20g1 Q20g2 9

Did you receive any sports coaching or instruction in Welsh over that period?

Yes No

Q21a

1 2

(303) (304)

INSTRUCTION 3

1 2

(305) (306)

Q21b

INSTRUCTION 3: IF AT LEAST 2 CLUBS AT Q19 ASK Q21a – Q21e Thinking about the second club that you belong to is this club a pure sports club which covers one or more sports or is it a leisure centre/fitness centre? Pure Sports Club Leisure Centre/Fitness Centre

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

Q21b

Q21c

Which sports or sports does your club/organisation cover? Athletics/Marathon/CrossCountry/Road Running Badminton Bowls Boxing Canoeing Cricket Cycling Darts Fishing Football Golf Hockey Horse riding Motor sport – Car Rallying/Moto Cross/Motor Cycle Racing Netball Pool Rugby Union Sailing/yachting Snooker/billiards Squash Swimming Tennis Weight Training or Weight Lifting Judo Karate Other martial arts (please specify) Exercise machines (e.g. step machine, rowing machine, treadmill) Any fitness class Other (please specify)

ROUTE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 (332)

1 1 (336)

(307) (308) (309) (310) (311) (312) (313) (314) (315) (316) (317) (318) (319) (320) (321) (322) (323) (324) (325) (326) (327) (328) (329) (330) (331) (333) (334) (335) (337)

Q21c

Do you personally participate in a sport or sports with your club? Yes No

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

1 2

(338) (339)

Q21d Q21e

Q21da – Q21da b

Which sports or sports do you participate in?

ROUTE Athletics/Marathon/CrossCountry/Road Running Badminton Bowls Boxing Canoeing Cricket Cycling Darts Fishing Football Golf Hockey Horse riding Motor sport – Car Rallying/Moto Cross/Motor Cycle Racing Netball Pool Rugby Union Sailing/yachting Snooker/billiards Squash Swimming Tennis Weight Training or Weight Lifting Judo Karate Other martial arts (please specify) Exercise machines (e.g. step machine, rowing machine, treadmill) Any fitness class Other (please specify)

Q21e

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 (365)

1 1 (369)

(340) (341) (342) (343) (344) (345) (346) (347) (348) (349) (350) (351) (352) (353) (354) (355) (356) (357) (358) (359) (360) (361) (362) (363) (364) (366) (367) (368) (370)

Q21e

If the membership of this club part of either a family or group membership or is it personal to you? Family/group membership Personal membership

1 2

(371) (372)

INSTRUCTION 1: ASK Q21f if Q21c is YES, OTHERWISE GO TO INSTRUCTION 3

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

INSTRUCTION 1

Q21f1 – Q21f2 9

How frequently have you received sports coaching or instruction in this activity over the last 12 months? ROUTE (373)

Twice a week or more At least once a week At least once a month At least once every six months At lease once in the last year No coaching received

1 2 3 4 5 6

INSTRUCTION 2 INSTRUCTION 3

INSTRUCTION 2: ASK Q21g ONLY IF ANSWERED 1 or 2 AT Q2. Q21g1 – Q21g2 9

Did you receive any sports coaching or instruction in Welsh over that period?

(374)

Yes No

1 2

INSTRUCTION 3

INSTRUCTION 3: IF AT LEAST 3 CLUBS AT Q19 ASK Q22a – Q22e

Q22a

Thinking about the third club that you belong to is this club a pure sports club which covers one or more sports or is it a leisure centre/fitness centre? (375)

Pure Sports Club Leisure Centre/Fitness Centre

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

1 2

Q22b

Q22b

Which sports or sports does your club/organisation cover? Athletics/Marathon/CrossCountry/Road Running Badminton Bowls Boxing Canoeing Cricket Cycling Darts Fishing Football Golf Hockey Horse riding Motor sport – Car Rallying/Moto Cross/Motor Cycle Racing Netball Pool Rugby Union Sailing/yachting Snooker/billiards Squash Swimming Tennis Weight Training or Weight Lifting Judo Karate Other martial arts (please specify) Exercise machines (e.g. step machine, rowing machine, treadmill) Any fitness class Other (please specify)

Q22c

ROUTE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 (401)

1 1 (405)

(376) (377) (378) (379) (380) (381) (382) (383) (384) (385) (386) (387) (388) (389) (390) (391) (392) (393) (394) (395) (396) (397) (398) (399) (400) (402) (403) (404) (406)

Q22c

Do you personally participate in a sport or sports with your club? Yes No

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

1 2

(407) (408)

Q22d Q22e

Q22da – Q22da b

Which sports or sports do you participate in?

ROUTE Athletics/Marathon/CrossCountry/Road Running Badminton Bowls Boxing Canoeing Cricket Cycling Darts Fishing Football Golf Hockey Horse riding Motor sport – Car Rallying/Moto Cross/Motor Cycle Racing Netball Pool Rugby Union Sailing/yachting Snooker/billiards Squash Swimming Tennis Weight Training or Weight Lifting Judo Karate Other martial arts (please specify) Exercise machines (e.g. step machine, rowing machine, treadmill) Any fitness class Other (please specify)

Q22e

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 (434)

1 1 (438)

(409) (410) (411) (412) (413) (414) (415) (416) (417) (418) (419) (420) (421) (422) (423) (424) (425) (426) (427) (428) (429) (430) (431) (432) (433) (435) (436) (437) (439)

Q22e

If the membership of this club part of either a family or group membership or is it personal to you? (440)

Family/group membership Personal membership INSTRUCTION 1: ASK Q22f if Q22c is YES, OTHERWISE GO TO Q23

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

1 2

INSTRUCTION 1

Q22f1 – Q22f2 9

How frequently have you received sports coaching or instruction in this activity over the last 12 months? ROUTE (441)

Twice a week or more At least once a week At least once a month At least once every six months At lease once in the last year No coaching received

1 2 3 4 5 6

INSTRUCTION 2 Q23

INSTRUCTION 2: ASK Q22g ONLY IF ANSWERED 1 or 2 AT Q2. Q22g1 – Q22g2 9

Did you receive any sports coaching or instruction in Welsh over that period?

Yes No

Q23

1 2

(442) (443)

How many non-sports related groups, clubs or associations do you belong to? (444)

WRITE IN NUMBER:

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

Q23

ROUTE (445)

Q24

SECTION 5: LATENT DEMAND Q24

Thinking about all the sports and physical activities that we have talked about today, are there any that you are not currently doing but you would like to do, or any that you would like to do more of? SHOWCARD G American football Archery Athletics (track or field) (indoor) Athletics (track or field) (outdoor) Badminton Baseball Basketball (Indoor) Basketball (outdoor) Billiards BMX Bowls (Indoor) Bowls (outdoor) Boxing Canoeing Car Rallying Caving Cheerleading Climbing – indoors Climbing – outdoors Competitive Weight Lifting Cricket (Indoor) Cricket (outdoor) Curling Cycling Darts Diving (indoor) Diving (outdoor) Fencing Fishing/Angling Football (indoor) Football (outdoor) Gaelic sports Game Shooting Golf (inc. pitch and putt) Gymnastics Handball Hang Gliding

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

ROUTE 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Hockey (Indoor) Hockey (outdoor) Horse Riding/Jumping Ice Hockey Ice Skating Jogging Karting / motor racing Kayaking Lacrosse Lifesaving / Surf lifesaving Moto Cross/Scrambling Mountain biking Mountaineering/rock climbing Netball (Indoor) Netball (outdoor) Orienteering Pool Rambling/hill & fell walking Road running/cross country Roller Skating (indoor) Rollerblading / In-line skating Rounders Rowing Rugby league Rugby union Sailing Skateboarding (Indoor) Skateboarding (Outdoor) Skiing Skittles Snooker Snowboarding Softball Squash Street hockey Sub Aqua Surfing Swimming (indoor) Swimming (outdoor) Table Tennis Target Shooting (indoor) Target/Clay Pigeon Shooting (outdoor) Tennis (indoor) Tennis (outdoor) Tenpin bowling Trampolining Triathlon Tug-Of-War Volleyball (indoor) Volleyball (outdoor)

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

3 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8

8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Walking (over 2 miles) Water polo Water skiing Wind surfing or Boardsurfing Wrestling Yachting

0 0 0 0 0 0

8 8 9 9 9 9

8 9 0 1 2 3

MARTIAL ARTS Judo Karate Taekwondo Tai Chi (indoor) Tai Chi (outdoor) Other Martial Arts (RECORD)

0 0 0 0 0 0

9 9 9 9 9 9

4 5 6 7 8 9

EXERCISE AND FITNESS Toning activities Weight training for fitness Body building Circuit training Exercise bike / exercise machine / step machine Keepfit / dance exercise / aerobics Yoga / pilates Other fitness sessions (please specify)

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

1 1 1 1 1

0 0 0 1 1

7 8 9 0 1

1

1

2

DANCE Folk Dancing / Line Dancing Street dance Breakdancing Hip-hop Disco dancing Other dance (please specify) Other (RECORD)

(446) (447) (448)

None of the above

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

1

1

3

Q25 Q26

Q25

What are the main reasons preventing you from taking up these sports? SHOWCARD H LIST CHANGED I’m too old I’m not fit enough It costs too much There is a lack of facilities or clubs in my area Too far / difficult to travel to clubs / facilities I’m not confident enough I don’t think I’m good enough at sport Clubs/facilities do not cater for my level of ability Too busy at work Family commitments Too much effort / can’t be bothered Haven’t got around to it yet Would rather spend my leisure time doing other things No one to go with There is no Welsh language activity provision in my area I’ve never been asked to take part I don’t know where to go (and learn) Lack of coaching available People who run clubs are unfriendly I don’t have the necessary minimum skill base/competency I feel embarrassed playing sport I have a disability, illness or injury that prevents me form taking part Other (Please specify) No reason Don’t know

ROUTE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 (471)

1 1

(449) (450) (451) (452) (453) (454) (455) (456) (457) (458) (459) (460) (461) (462) (463) (464) (465) (466) (467) (468) (469) (470) (472) (473) (474)

Q26

SECTION 6: VOLUNTEERING AND COACHING Q26

To which of the following types of groups have you given your service or time on a voluntary basis over the last 12 months? A voluntary or charitable organisation, local authority or public body Friends, relatives or other members of the community Neither

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

1 1 1

(475) (476) (477)

Q27 Q32

Q27

In the past 12 months, have you actively helped, on an unpaid volunteer basis, to run any sporting activity after school or at a club e.g. helping with things like administration, coaching, catering, transport etc). I do not mean only taking someone to and from some activity. Yes, after school Yes, at a sports club Yes (other e.g. events) No Don’t know

Q28

1 1 1 1 1

Q32

1 1 1 1

(483) (484) (485) (486) (487) (488)

Q29

Would you tell me what age group(s) you work with in this voluntary capacity? 6 and under 7 – 11 12 – 16 17- 24 25 – 50 50+

Q30

Q28

Which activities do you help with? Administration Coaching Catering Transport Other (please specify)

Q29

(478) (479) (480) (481) (482)

1 1 1 1 1 1

(489) (490) (491) (492) (493) (494)

Q30

Approximately how often in the last 12 months have you spent doing something to help group(s), club(s) or organisations associated with sport? (495)

At least once a week Less then once a week but at least once a month Less than once a month Don’t know Q31

1 2 3 4

Q31

Can you say approximately how many hours you have spent helping group(s), club(s) or organisations associated with sport in the past four weeks? (496)

WRITE IN NUMBER:

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

(497)

ROUTE

(498)

Q32

Q32

Do you ever feel that you would like to spend more time helping groups, clubs or organisations associated with sport? (499)

Yes No Don’t know

1 2 3

Q33

SECTION 8: LEISURE TIME Q33

Which, if any, of the leisure activities shown on this card have you personally undertaken within the last 4 weeks ending yesterday? Any others? SHOWCARD G

ROUTE

Been to a sporting event as a spectator Been to a local authority-run leisure centre Been to a private leisure or fitness centre Visited the Countryside Visited a park or country park Visited the seaside or coast Been to a cinema, the theatre, ballet, opera or a concert Involved in the arts (e.g. singing, dancing, playing music, acting, painting, sculpting) None of the above

1 1 1 1 1 1 1

(500) (501) (502) (503) (504) (505) (506)

1

(507)

1

(508)

Q34

SECTION 9: DEMOGRAPHICS Q34

Interviewer record gender (509)

Male Female Q35

1 2

Q35

Can I ask how old you are? RECORD AGE Refused

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

(510) (511) (512)

9

9

9

Q36

Q36

INTERVIEW TO CODE INTO AGE BAND OR IF REFUSED ABOVE ASK “Would you tell me which age band you fall into?” SHOWCARD H (513) (514)

15 16 – 19 20 – 24 25 – 29 30 – 34 35 – 39 40 -44 45 - 49 50 – 54 55 – 59 60 – 64 65 – 69 70 – 74 75+ Refused

Q37

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5

Q37

What is your working status? (515)

Working full time (30+ hours per week) Working part time (8 – 29 hours per week) Unemployed/seeking work Full-time student Wholly retired Other permanent not working Q38

1 2 3 4 5 6

Q38

Social Grade of individual What is your occupation? Job title? Position? No. of staff responsible for? Qualifications? (516)

A B C1 C2 D E

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

1 2 3 4 5 6

Q39

Q39

Would you describe yourself as the head of the household? (517)

Yes No Q40

1 2

Q41 Q40

Social Grade of head of household What is the head of the household’s occupation? Job title? Position? No. of staff responsible for? Qualifications? (518)

A B C1 C2 D E Q41

1 2 3 4 5 6

Q41

In general, would you say your health is…. (519)

Excellent Very good Good Fair Poor

Q42

1 2 3 4 5

Q42

Do you have any long-term illness, health problem or disability which limits your daily activities or the work you can do? By long-standing I mean anything that has troubled you over a period of time or that is likely to affect you over a period of time. Include problems that are due to old age. (520)

Yes No Q43

1 2

Q43 Q44

Does this prevent you from taking part in sport or physical activity (521)

Yes all activities Yes some activities No

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

1 2 3

Q44

Q44

What do you consider your National Identity to be? (522) (523)

English Scottish Welsh Irish British Northern Irish Other ethnic group (please specify) Q45

0 0 0 0

1 2 3 4

0

5

Q45

How would you describe your ethnicity (524) (525)

White: British White: Other White Background (please specify) Mixed: White and Black Caribbean Mixed: White and Black African Mixed: White and Asian Mixed: Other mixed background (please specify) Asian or Asian British: Indian Asian or Asian British: Pakistani Asian or Asian British: Bangladeshi Asian or Asian British: Other (please specify) Black or Black British: Caribbean Black or Black British: African Black or Black British: Other (please specify) Chinese Other ethnic group (please specify) Q46

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6

Q46

What is your first language? (526) (527)

English Welsh Other (please specify) Q47

0 0 0

1 2 3

Q47

1 2 3 4 5 6

Q48a

What is your marital status? (528)

Single Married Cohabiting Separated Divorced Widowed Q48a

How many adults are there in the household (aged 16 years or over) RECORD NUMBER

(529) (530)

Q48b

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

Q48b

How many children are there in household (aged under 16 years) RECORD NUMBER

(531) (532)

Q49a Q49a

How many children aged between 0 – 6? IF NONE AT Q46 above – INTERVIEWER TO CODE 0 RECORD NUMBER

(533) (534)

Q49b Q49b

How many children aged between 7 - 11? IF NONE AT Q46 above – INTERVIEWER TO CODE 0 RECORD NUMBER

(535) (536)

Q49c Q49c

How many children aged between 12 - 15? IF NONE AT Q46 above – INTERVIEWER TO CODE 0 RECORD NUMBER

(537) (538)

Q50 Q50

Which of the following do you own? (539)

Car/Van Motorbike/Scooter Bicycle Q51

1 2 3

Q51

1 2 3

Q52

Which of the following do you have use of? (540)

Car/Van Motorbike/Scooter Bicycle ASK Q52 only if ASNWERED CODES 1 or 2 AT Q37

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

Q52

How do you usually travel to work? ASK RESPONDENT TO SELECT THE OPTION FOR THE LONGEST PART, BY DISTANCE, OF THEIR JOURNEY TO WORK SHOWCARD J (541)

I work mainly at or from home Train Bus, minibus or coach Motorcycle, scooter or moped Driving a car or van A passenger in a car or van Taxi Bicycle On foot Other Q53a

Q53a

Finally, can I just take your postcode? This is only required for research purposes for analysis by geographic area and will not be used to identify any individuals. Yes No

Q53b

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

1 2 GO TO Q53

Can you tell me what it is please? (1017) (1018) (1019) (1020) (1021) (1022) (1023)

Refused Q53

Q54

9999999

Would you be willing to participate in any further research for the Sports Council for Wales? (542)

Yes No

Q55

1 2

Q55 Q57

1 2

Q56 Q57

Would you be willing for the Sports Council for Wales or any contractor employed by the Council for research purposes only, to contact you within the next two years inviting you to take part in further research namely telephone interviews and focus groups? (543)

Yes No

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

Q56

Would you be willing for the Sports Council for Wales or any contractor employed by the Council for research purposes only, to have you contact details along with your responses to this survey? This will only be used to conduct further research and will be kept for two years until February 2010, after which time the names will be destroyed. (544)

Yes No Q57

1 2

INTERVIEWER TO TAKE DETAILS Name Address Telephone number

THANK RESPONDENT AND CLOSE Thank you for your time, may I just remind you that my name is…… from mruk research ltd. Our company freephone numbere is 0800 1613157 and the Market Resarch Society number is 0500 396999 should you have any queries on our company or regards to this research.

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

Appendix B

Showcards Version 2

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

SHOWCARD 1 1 2 3 4

I’m fluent in Welsh I speak a fair amount of Welsh I can only speak a little Welsh I can only say just a few worlds

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

SHOWCARD A Examples of light physical activity Housework (e.g. vacuuming, dusting) Walking at an average pace Light gardening (e.g. weeding) Bowls Archery

Examples of moderate physical activity Brisk walking Golf Sailing Cycling Heavy housework (e.g. spring cleaning, cleaning windows) Heavy gardening (e.g. digging)

Examples of vigorous physical activity Running Jogging Rugby Climbing Fast cycling

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

SHOWCARD B 1 2 3

American football Archery Athletics (track or field) (outdoor) Baseball Basketball (outdoor) Bowls (outdoor) Cricket (outdoor) Diving (outdoor)

4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

Football (outdoor) Gaelic sports Golf (inc. pitch and putt) Hockey (outdoor) Jogging Lacrosse Netball (outdoor)

16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

Road running/cross country Rounders Rugby league Rugby union Softball Street hockey Swimming (outdoor) Tai Chi (outdoor) Target/Clay Pigeon Shooting (outdoor) Tennis (outdoor) Triathlon Tug-Of-War Volleyball (outdoor) None of the above Other (Please specify)

SHOWCARD C 1

31

Tennis (indoor)

2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Athletics (track or field) (Indoor) Badminton Basketball (Indoor) Billiards Bowls (Indoor) Boxing Cheerleading Climbing – indoors Competitive Weight Lifting Cricket (Indoor) Curling

32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41

12 13 14 15 16

Darts Diving (indoor) Fencing Football (indoor) Gymnastics

42 43 44 45 46

17

Handball

47

18 19

Hockey (Indoor) Ice Hockey

48 49

20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30

Ice Skating Netball (Indoor) Pool Roller Skating (indoor) Skateboarding (Indoor) Skittles Snooker Squash Swimming (indoor) Table Tennis Target Shooting (indoor)

50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57

Tenpin bowling Trampolining Volleyball (indoor) Water polo Wrestling Judo Karate Taekwondo Tai Chi (indoor) Other Martial Arts (please specify) Toning activities Weight training for fitness Body building Circuit training Exercise bike / exercise machine / step machine Keepfit / dance exercise / aerobics Yoga / pilates Other fitness sessions (please specify) Breakdancing Disco dancing Folk Dancing / Line Dancing Hip-hop Street dance Other dance (please specify) None of the above Other (please specify)

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

SHOWCARD D 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

BMX Canoeing Car Rallying Caving Climbing - outdoors Cycling Fishing/Angling Game Shooting Hang Gliding Horse Riding/Jumping Karting / motor racing Kayaking Lifesaving / Surf lifesaving Moto Cross/Scrambling Mountain biking Mountaineering/rock climbing

17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

Orienteering Rambling/hill & fell walking Rollerblading / In-line skating Rowing Sailing Skateboarding (Outdoor) Skiing Snowboarding Sub Aqua Surfing Walking (over 2 miles) Water skiing Wind surfing or Boardsurfing Yachting None of the above Other (please specify)

SHOWCARD E 1

I’m too old

17

2

I’m not fit enough

18

3

It costs too much

19

4

There is a lack of facilities or clubs in my area Too far / difficult to travel to clubs / facilities I’m not confident enough

20

5 6

7 8

9 10 11 12 13 14 15

16

21 22

I don’t think I’m good enough at sport Clubs/facilities do not cater for my level of ability

23

Too busy at work Family commitments Too much effort / can’t be bothered Haven’t got around to it yet Would rather spend my leisure time doing other things Just not interested in any form of sport/physical activity I don’t see any benefits in taking part in sport/physical activity No one to go with

25 26 27

24

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

There is no Welsh language activity provision in my area I’ve never been asked to take part I don’t know where to go (and learn) Lack of coaching available People who run clubs are unfriendly I don’t have the necessary minimum skill base/competency I feel embarrassed playing sport I have a disability, illness or injury that prevents me from taking part No reason Don’t know Other (please specify)

SHOWCARD F 1

I’m too old

18

2

I’m not fit enough

19

3 4

It costs too much There is a lack of facilities or clubs in my area Too far / difficult to travel to clubs / facilities

20 21

6

I’m not confident enough

23

7

I don’t think I’m good enough at sport

24

8

Clubs/facilities do not cater for my level of ability Too busy at work Family commitments Too much effort / can’t be bothered Haven’t got around to it yet Would rather spend my leisure time doing other things Just not interested in any form of sport/physical activity I don’t see any benefits in taking part in sport/physical activity No one to go with

25

I’ve never been asked to take part I don’t know where to go (and learn) Lack of coaching available People who run clubs are unfriendly I don’t have the necessary minimum skill base/competency I feel embarrassed playing sport I have a disability, illness or injury that prevents me from taking part No reason

26 27

Don’t know Other (please specify)

5

9 10 11 12 13 14 15

16

22

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

SHOWCARD G 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38

American football Archery Athletics (track or field) (indoor) Athletics (track or field) (outdoor) Badminton Baseball Basketball (Indoor) Basketball (outdoor) Billiards BMX Bowls (Indoor) Bowls (outdoor) Boxing Canoeing Car Rallying Caving Cheerleading Climbing – indoors Climbing – outdoors Competitive Weight Lifting Cricket (Indoor) Cricket (outdoor) Curling Cycling Darts Diving (indoor) Diving (outdoor) Fencing Fishing/Angling Football (indoor) Football (outdoor) Gaelic sports Game Shooting Golf (inc. pitch and putt) Gymnastics Handball Hang Gliding Hockey (Indoor)

40 41 42

Horse riding/jumping Ice Hockey Ice Skating

43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

Jogging Karting / motor racing Kayaking Lacrosse Lifesaving / Surf lifesaving Moto Cross/Scrambling Mountain biking Mountaineering/rock climbing Netball (Indoor) Netball (outdoor) Orienteering Pool Rambling/hill & fell walking Road running/cross country Roller Skating (indoor) Rollerblading / In-line skating Rounders Rowing Rugby league Rugby union Sailing Skateboarding (Indoor) Skateboarding (Outdoor) Skiing Skittles Snooker Snowboarding Softball Squash Street hockey Sub Aqua Surfing Swimming (indoor) Swimming (outdoor) Table Tennis

39 79 80 81 82 83 84 85

78 Hockey (outdoor) Target/Clay Pigeon Shooting (outdoor) Tennis (indoor) Tennis (outdoor) Tenpin bowling Trampolining Triathlon

Target Shooting (indoor)

98 99 100 101 102 103 104

86

Tug of War Volleyball (indoor)

105

87 88

Volleyball (outdoor) Walking (over 2 miles)

106 107

89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97

Water polo Water skiing Windsurfing or boardsurfing Wrestling Yachting Judo Karate Taekwondo Tai Chi (outdoor

108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

Tai Chi (indoor) Other Martial Arts (RECORD) Toning activities Weight training for fitness Body building Circuit training Exercise bike / exercise machine / step machine Keepfit / dance exercise / aerobics Yoga / pilates Other fitness sessions (please specify) Folk Dancing / Line Dancing Street dance Breakdancing Hip-hop Disco dancing Other dance None of the above Other (please specify)

SHOWCARD H 1 2

I’m too old I’m not fit enough

14 15

3

It costs too much

16

4

There is a lack of facilities or clubs in my area Too far / difficult to travel to clubs / facilities I’m not confident enough

17

7

I don’t think I’m good enough at sport

20

8

Clubs/facilities do not cater for my level of ability Too busy at work

21

Family commitments Too much effort / can’t be bothered Haven’t got around to it yet Would rather spend my leisure time doing other things

23 24

5 6

9

10 11 12 13

18 19

22

25

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

No one to go with There is no Welsh language activity provision in my area I’ve never been asked to take part I don’t know where to go (and learn) Lack of coaching available People who run clubs are unfriendly I don’t have the necessary minimum skill base/competency I feel embarrassed playing sport I have a disability, illness or injury that prevents me form taking part No reason Don’t know Other (Please specify)

SHOWCARD I 1

Been to a sporting event as a spectator Been to a local authority-run leisure centre

6

Visited the seaside or coast

7

3

Been to a private leisure or fitness centre

8

4 5

Visited the Countryside Visited a park or country park

9

Been to a cinema, the theatre, ballet, opera or a concert Involved in the arts (e.g. singing, dancing, playing music, acting, painting, sculpting) None of the above

2

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

SHOWCARD J 1 2 3 4 5

I work mainly at or from home Train Bus, minibus or coach Motorcycle, scooter or moped Driving a car or van

6 7 8 9 10

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

A passenger in a car or van Taxi Bicycle On foot Other

Appendix C

Pilot and Cognitive Testing Report

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

Pilot and Cognitive Testing Adult Participation in Sports and Physical Activity Survey February 2008

Prepared For:

Sports Council for Wales

Prepared By:

Kelly Jones mruk research

Contents

Page

1.

Introduction

1

2.

Method and Sample

2

3.

Findings from Pilot

4

4.

Finding from Cognitive Testing

7

5.

Changes to Questionnaire in Preparation for Main Study

12

1.

Introduction

This report present the results of the Pilot and Cognitive Testing phase of the Adult Participation in Sports and Physical Activity survey and is structured as follows: „ Section 2 details the methodology and the achieved sample for the pilot and the cognitive testing. „ Section 3 summarises the findings from the pilot exercise including, response rates, key indicators, issues identified with the CAPI script and issues identified during the data analysis stage „ Section 4 provides a summary of the findings from the Cognitive Interviews „ Section 5 summarises the changes required prior to the main study The pilot consisted of 114 completed interviews and 20 cognitive reports. Please note: This number fell short of the target number of 150 completed interviews due to technical problems with newly purchased CAPI machines. The tight timescales associated with the pilot allowed us no time for manoeuvre or recovery. However, the number achieved remains substantial for a pilot study and is enough to have significant confidence in the purpose it was designed to serve.

mruk research : Pilot and Cognitive Testing

Page 1

2.

Method and Sample

The pilot and the cognitive testing were undertaken in 5 local authorities, namely, Cardiff, Carmarthen, Wrexham, Blaenau Gwent and Gwynedd. Interviewers were given starting addresses around which to achieve a set number of interviews within pre-determined quota controls. The pilot aimed to cover a wide range of different demographics in order to thoroughly test the questionnaire amongst different audiences. Two versions of the questionnaire were tested the only difference being the positioning of the physical activity question. The profile of the achieved responses is shown in the table below: TABLE 1: PROFILE OF PILOT RESPONDENTS Demographics

% of all interviews

No. of cognitive interviews

Questionnaire version 1 2

64 36

13 7

Gender Male Female

49 51

11 9

Welsh Language Welsh Speaker Non-welsh Speaker Interviewed in Welsh

35 65 15

10 10 5

SEG of Individual AB C1 C2 DE

21 28 18 33

6 5 5 4

Age 15 – 24 25 – 34 25 – 44 45 – 54 55 – 64 65+

18 21 23 15 10 14

4 4 4 4 2 2

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Working Status Working full time Working part time Unemployed/seeking work Full time student Wholly retired Other permanent not working

39 11 11 18 11 11

8 2 3 4 1 2

Ethnic Origin White BME

95 5

19 1

Health Long term illness/disability

28

7

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3.

Findings from Pilot

3.1

Response Rate „ Generally people were happy to take part and interested in the topic „ There didn’t appear to an issue with level of participation in Sport affecting participation in survey. Those who didn’t do any sport also keen to take part „ Pilot failed to achieve level of response set for BMEs partly due to technical problem encouraged, but also due to difficultly with recruitment within time constraints of the pilot. This was particularly true of the cognitive testing – only 1 interviews with BMEs.

3.2

Key Indicators (to be treated with caution – small sample) „ Average Interview length – 27 minutes, 52 seconds „ 31.6% had undertaken at least 30 minutes of moderate or vigorous on 5 days or more „ 32.5% had undertaken at least 20 minutes of vigorous activity on 5 days or more „ 62.3% had participated in at least one activity over last four weeks „ 20.2% had participated in any Outdoor Games or Activities „ 36% had participated in any Indoor Games or Activities „ 38.6% had participated in any Outdoor Pursuits „ 15.8% had participated in any Outdoor Pursuits excluding walking „ 46.5% willing to take part on further research „ 95.6% willing for postcode to be stored with data

3.3

Issues Arising from Pilot

3.3.1

General Issues „ Technical Problems with CAPI machines -

Already being dealt with in time for briefings on Thursday and Friday

„ Lists too long – sometimes need to scroll down a few pages to get to answer -

No solution to this as lists are necessary (see cognitive section). Interviewers will get used to location of most popular activities and will become quicker as time progresses

„ Interviewers asking for numbers only on screen instead of activities (and numbers and activities on Showcards)

mruk research : Pilot and Cognitive Testing

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-

3.3.2

this is not possible as subsequent questions reply of text substitution i.e. how many times have you taken part in in the last 4 weeks

Issues with Questionnaire/CAPI Script „ Incorrect routing identified at Q11a – only asked if respondent has done physical activity on day 7 (should be asked of all respondents who have undertaken any physical activity across 7 days) -

Script to be changed to correct routing error.

„ Participation section – need code for “don’t know” for number of times participated in each activity -

Script to specify that ‘99’ should be used for “Don’t know”

„ Club Membership section – if respondent is member of two clubs script asks about 3 clubs (1 or 3 clubs working ok) -

Script to be changed to ensure 2 clubs only asks about 2 clubs

„ If respondent is not working can we route past question 47 – How do you travel to work? -

3.3.3

Project team to decide if routing to be placed in questionnaire

Issues with Data „ Physical Activity question - Can’t calculate average number of minutes of activity by day or week (Monday, Tuesday etc) AND by day or week (Yesterday, 2 days ago, 3 days ago etc). At the moment the script is set up to gather Q4 (yesterday), Q5 (2 days ago), Q6 (3 days ago) etc. This means that Monday can be Q4 for one respondent, Q7 for another etc. -

-

need to make a decision which is most important. If “day or week - yesterday, two days ago etc” is most important then no change is required If “day of week – Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday” is most important then need to look at setting up script so that Q4 is always a Sunday, Q5 is always a Saturday, Q6 is always a Friday etc. We would then need to determine the sequence of questions depending on what day is was yesterday. E.g. If Interview typed in DAY YESTERDAY: MONDAY, this will determine that the sequence would be Q4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10. E.g2, If interviewer typed in DAY YESTERDAY : FRIDAY, then the sequence would be Q7, 8, 9, 10, 4, 5, 6 need to test out asap is this will work on CAPI script

„ Can’t calculate club participation excluding pool/darts as not in pre-codes

mruk research : Pilot and Cognitive Testing

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-

Pool/darts to be included in pre-codes for this question

„ Can’t provide list of those interested in further research linked to data file as question did not specify that this would happen -

3.4

Question to be changed to specify that names will be linked to their answer to the survey in order to comply with Data Protection Act

Welsh Language „ There were no issues specifically with the Welsh Language questionnaire „ However, less than half of Welsh speakers requested a Welsh Interview

3.5

BMEs „ There were no issues with the questionnaire specifically related to BME respondents

mruk research : Pilot and Cognitive Testing

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4.

Finding from Cognitive Testing

4.1

Respondent fatigue „ The majority of respondents were relaxed and attentive throughout the questionnaire process. Only a minority become agitated and appeared bored and this tended to be either after the physical activity section and at the start of the participation section (in the case of version 1), or after the participation section and at the start of the physical activity section (version 2). These respondents were a minority, however, and should not be a cause for concern. „ Respondents generally enjoyed taking part in the survey and enjoyed talking about exercise.

4.2

Physical Activity Section „ When answering the question, the showcard was key to demonstrating to respondents what activities to include. Respondents answered this by going back over the week and thinking of each activity they had done. „ Respondents mainly thought about sporting activities but because of the showcard also considered housework and walking. „ Only a few respondents mentioned any activities that they were unsure whether to include and these were: - cooking - short walks (with dog/daily commutes to work) - playing with the children - other housework not included on showcard - shopping (pushing a trolley around) - exercise bikes/machines at home

Do you want to include any of these on Showcard? „ When asked what they thought the question was asking for, most recognised that it was to get a picture of the amount of activity people had undertaken over the last week. “How much exercise people do and how active people are” “How active people are on a daily or weekly basis” “Overall picture of weekly activity” However, one respondent thought it was to find out whether the amount of exercise you do has an effect on your memory!! „ Those who did little activity or the same activity every week found is easy to remember what they had done.

mruk research : Pilot and Cognitive Testing

Page 7

„ Not surprisingly, the latter part of the week was more difficult to remember that the earlier part „ When asked how easy or difficult it was to remember the amount of time spent on each activity, again, those who did very little or the same each week found it easy. „ If was thought to be easier for sporting activities than other types of activities e.g. housework or walking as you tend to do sporting activities for a set time „ It was also easier for the activities that they did regularly as they tended to be for the same time every week. „ It was more difficult to remember for further back in the week. „ Some people said that they had to estimate the times as they unable to remember exactly. Some based this on the “average” time that they usually take to do that activity. Others tried to guess to the nearest quarter of an hour or half an hour. „ All respondents knew what was meant by “raising your breathing rate for 10 minutes or more” and “being out of breath or sweat for 10 minutes or more”, and all respondents found these questions easy to answer. „ No-body felt that need to answer this question in a particular way e.g. exaggerate the level of activity etc. „ When asked whether they felt that they were doing enough physical activity at the present time, many factors were considered when providing an answer. These were: -

4.3

Amount of exercise currently doing Amount they think they should be doing Their age Amount of time spent working Amount of time spent looking after family Recommended guidelines Health/Disability Weight Time required to do more

Participation Section „ For all three activity classification, respondents replied heavily of the list as a means of recall. All respondents scanned the lists before selecting the activities that they had undertaken. „ The majority found it easy to remember what they had done – either because they hadn’t done anything or because they do the same things every week

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„ The minority that found it difficult said that the time period was too long and therefore difficult to remember back quickly „ The majority felt that the Showcards were very comprehensive. Only a minority had suggestions of other activities that should be included: Outdoor Games and Activities - Power walking - Playing with children Indoor Games and Activities - Wii - Salsa Dancing - Spinning Outdoor Pursuits No suggestions for inclusion

Do you want to include any of these on Showcard? „ The majority of respondents found it easy to remember how many times they had undertaken each activity as they usually did the same things every week. A minority said that it was quite difficult because they didn’t keep a record. „ All respondents understood what was meant by the term “Competition” and thought of all types of sports particularly, rugby, football and athletics. They did not exclude any sports. “Open competition where there is a win/lose situation” “Where there are winners and losers” “People competing against each other” 4.4

Club Membership „ The term “Sports Clubs and Organisations” was understood differently by people. Many included leisure centres in their definition along with private sports clubs. “Organised sports – usually have to pay to join” “Local football teams (league) pool and darts” “Private gyms” “Leisure centres, football clubs etc” “Somewhere for people to go and take part” “A club that does sport” “Leisure centres, gyms, and local football, rugby teams” “Local sports teams, football, cricket, rugby, sports centres and leisure centres “Leisure centres or sports clubs “A place to go to participate in sport

mruk research : Pilot and Cognitive Testing

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“Places where people do to keep fit or play sporting games” “Any private club that does sport on location”

Consider revising question to make definition more specific „ The majority who had received private coaching included rugby coaching, induction coaching at the gym and instructor available at gym

Does “instructor at gym” count in this case? Need to revise question? 4.5

Latent Demand „ Respondents looked thought the list and chose the ones that they would like to do. „ When asked what the barriers were to undertaken these activities, respondents considered -

4.6

age fitness time sports already take part in facilities in the area work/shift work family commitments health/disability money

Volunteering and Coaching „ No issues with this section

4.7

Leisure Time „ No issues with this section

4.8

Demographics „ The majority were not concerned about answering questions in this section. „ For a minority, they were concerned that other bodies would get access to their details. „ When asked about their health many factors influenced how they made their decision. The most common was by comparing themselves with people of their own age. Other factors were: - their known illnesses/disabilities - thought how they felt that day

mruk research : Pilot and Cognitive Testing

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-

amount of exercise they do weight diet/eating habits

„ There were mixed views amongst respondents when asked whether their details could be passed onto SCW for further research. „ Some were happy for this to happen and would be willing to take part in further surveys “If is improves sport for people and increases people’s health I don’t mind being involved” “I quite like doing surveys. It’s important to know about people’s health” “I enjoy doing surveys” “No problem I like taking part” “I am interested in finding out more about the SCW so was pleased to be asked for my opinion” „ Other were not happy to take part and these mainly fell into two categories - those who were concerned about their details being passed on: “Who would have access to the details and what it would involve” “Would refuse and don’t want people to have my details” “I didn’t want to give my telephone number because I am ex-directory” - those who found the survey process laborious and too time-consuming “I did not want to answer further questions. I considered it took too long on computer. I thought a paper questionnaire would be quicker. I really don’t like asking people into my home that I do not know” “Did not want to take part again – found survey boring”

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5.

Changes to Questionnaire in Preparation for Main Study „ Script to be changed to correct routing error identified at Q11a „ Code 99 for “don’t know” to be included in Participation Section for number of times participated in each activity „ Club Membership section – script to be changed to ensure 2 clubs asks about 2 clubs „ Project team to decide whether non-working respondents are routed past question 47 „ Physical Activity Section - Project team to make decision on calculation of average number of minutes of activity by day or week (Monday, Tuesday vs Yesterday, 2 days ago etc) „ Club membership - Pool/darts to be included in questions for sports covered and participated in „ Further research questions to be changed to ensure names can be liked to data file „ Project team to decide whether the change Showcard for Physical Activity questions to include any of the following: - cooking - short walks (with dog/daily commutes to work) - playing with the children - other housework not included on showcard - shopping (pushing a trolley around) - exercise bikes/machines at home „ Project team to decide whether the change Showcards for Participation Section to include any of the following: Outdoor Games and Activities - Power walking - Playing with children Indoor Games and Activities - Wii - Salsa Dancing - Spinning „ Project team to decide whether the enhance definition of Sports Clubs and Organisation to make it clear to respondents what to include „ Project team to decide whether “instructor at gym” counts as Sports Coaching

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Appendix D

Report on Analysis of Version 1 v Version 2

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

Adult Participation in Sport and Physical Activity Survey Report on Months 1 and 2 May 2008

Prepared For:

Sports Council for Wales

Prepared By:

Kelly Jones mruk research

Contents

Page

1.

Introduction

1

2.

Progress to Date

2

3.

Headline Results

6

4.

Version 1 v Version 2

8

5.

Recommendations for Future Waves

11

1.

Introduction

This report presents the finings of waves 1 and 2 of the Adult Participation in Sports and Physical Activity survey and is structured as follows: „ Section 2 gives details of the progress made to date „ Section 3 provides the headline results from the sample so far „ Section 4 compares both versions of the questionnaire and highlights the pros and cons of each version „ Section 5 makes recommendations for future waves

mruk research : Findings of Waves 1 and 2

Page 1

2.

Progress to Date

2.1

Reminder of Methodology

„

Pre-selected addresses

„

Advanced letter send to each address prior to interviewer calling giving opportunity for household to be removed from sample

„

Interviewer to achieve 14 addresses out of each set of 23

„

Interviewer only to proceed to 15th address where one of the following reasons applies to the first 14 addresses: refusal has been given 3 calls backs made Other reason for no contact e.g. property vacant, address not found etc to one of first 14 addresses

„

Interviewer to use the next birthday rule to select respondent within household

„

Interviewer to make up to 3 call-back to achieve interviews (in reality this has been 5 call-backs in order to achieve desired response rate)

„

Fieldwork started on the 1st March of 2008

mruk research : Findings of Waves 1 and 2

Page 2

2.2

Response rate

„

The response rate to date has been approximately 61%. This has only been achieved due to 5 call backs being made (as opposed to the standard 3 call backs). A full analysis of the contact sheets and response rate will be provided at the end of the first quarter.

2.3

Interviews Conducted to date

„

So far, 7392 interviews have been conducted – 3683 per month and 336 per Local Authority (shown in table 1 below)

Table 1: Monthly Interviews by Local Authority Local Authority

Blaenau Gwent Bridgend Caerphilly Cardiff Carmarthenshire Ceredigion Conwy Denbighshire Flintshire Gwynedd Isle of Anglesey Merthyr Tydfil Monmouthshire Neath Port Talbot Newport Pembrokeshire Powys Rhondda, Cynon, Taff Swansea Torfaen Vale of Glamorgan, The Wrexham

Total

„

Month of Interview April 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 3696

March 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 3696

Total

336 336 336 336 336 336 336 336 336 336 336 336 336 336 336 336 336 336 336 336 336 336 7392

For the first three months of the survey the sample has been doubled to test two different version of the questionnaire. Equal samples were conducted with both version of the questionnaire as shown in table 2 below.

mruk research : Findings of Waves 1 and 2

Page 3

Table 2: Questionnaire Version by Local Authority Local Authority

Blaenau Gwent Bridgend Caerphilly Cardiff Carmarthenshire Ceredigion Conwy Denbighshire Flintshire Gwynedd Isle of Anglesey Merthyr Tydfil Monmouthshire Neath Port Talbot Newport Pembrokeshire Powys Rhondda, Cynon, Taff Swansea Torfaen Vale of Glamorgan, The Wrexham

Total

„

Questionnaire Version 1 2 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 168 3696 3696

Total 336 336 336 336 336 336 336 336 336 336 336 336 336 336 336 336 336 336 336 336 336 336 7392

112 of the interviews were conducted in Welsh (9%)

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Page 4

2.3

Profile of the Sample

„

The following table shows the age and gender profile of the sample achieve so far: Table 3: Age and Gender Profile

Q34: Interviewer record gender Male

Q36: AGE BAND

15 16 - 19 20 - 24 25 - 29 30 - 34 35 - 39 40 - 44 45 - 49 50 - 54 55 - 59 60 - 64 65 - 69 70 - 74 75+ Refused

Total

Count % of Total Count % of Total Count % of Total Count % of Total Count % of Total Count % of Total Count % of Total Count % of Total Count % of Total Count % of Total Count % of Total Count % of Total Count % of Total Count % of Total Count % of Total Count % of Total

9 .1% 160 2.2% 168 2.3% 161 2.2% 197 2.7% 245 3.3% 229 3.1% 204 2.8% 211 2.9% 194 2.6% 267 3.6% 320 4.3% 304 4.1% 457 6.2% 11 .1% 3137 42.4%

Female 12 .2% 123 1.7% 218 2.9% 254 3.4% 314 4.2% 384 5.2% 427 5.8% 288 3.9% 246 3.3% 299 4.0% 348 4.7% 364 4.9% 348 4.7% 613 8.3% 17 .2% 4255 57.6%

Total 21 .3% 283 3.8% 386 5.2% 415 5.6% 511 6.9% 629 8.5% 656 8.9% 492 6.7% 457 6.2% 493 6.7% 615 8.3% 684 9.3% 652 8.8% 1070 14.5% 28 .4% 7392 100.0%

„

We recognise that the above table shows bias towards some cells when compared with the population profile. However, we do not believe that this is a significant concern at this early stage of the process. The weighting protocol that will be agreed at the end of the fieldwork period will be designed to remove any bias in the results associated with the over or under representation of certain groups.

„

At the end of the first quarter we suggested that the pilot the weighting process so that key weighting criteria can be agreed and tested and to see what impact it will have on the findings.

mruk research : Findings of Waves 1 and 2

Page 5

3.

Headline Results

„

This section gives the results of the key indicators. Please bear in mind that these are based on un-weighted data.

„

12.8% of the sample had undertaken 30 minutes of moderate or vigorous activity on 5 days or more (see table 4 below) Table 4: Number of days respondents meets the target of 30 mins of moderate or vigorous activity 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Frequency 1218 980 744 494 419 270 253

Percent 16.5 13.3 10.1 6.7 5.7 3.7 3.4

3014 7392

40.8 100.0

None Total

„

Cumulative Percent (descending) 59.4 42.9 29.6 19.5 12.8 7.1 3.4

15.2% of the sample had undertaken 20 minutes of vigorous activity on 3 days or more (see table 5 below)

Table 5: Number of days respondents meets the target of 20 mins of vigorous activity 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Frequency 964 608 410 254 226 128 114

Percent 13.0 8.2 5.5 3.4 3.1 1.7 1.5

4688 7392

63.4 100.0

None Total

mruk research : Findings of Waves 1 and 2

Cumulative Percent (descending) 36.4 23.4 15.2 9.7 6.3 3.2 1.5

Page 6

„

44.8% had participated in at least one activity over the last 4 weeks

„

44.2% had participated in at least one activity excluding billiards, snooker, darts and pool

„

30.1% had participated in at least one activity excluding billiards, snooker, darts, pool and walking over 2 miles

„

13% had participated in any outdoor games and activities

„

21.6% had participated in any indoor games and activities

„

29.3% had participated in any outdoor pursuits

„

8.1% had participated in outdoor pursuits excluding walking over 2 miles

„

47% think they currently do enough physical activity

„

9% are a member of at least one sports club

„

1% are a member of more than one sports club

„

6.3% participate in sport(s) at their club(s)

„

6.1% participate in sport(s) at their club(s) excluding billiards, pool, snooker and darts

„

6% had given their time on a voluntary basis to a voluntary or charitable organisation, Local Authority or public body and 5% had give their time on a voluntary basis to a friend or relative or other member of the community - of these, 40% had helped with sporting activities broken down as follows: - 10% after school - 12% at a sports club - 18% other (e.g. at an event) This equates to 3.6% having volunteered for any sports related activities

„

6.9% would like to undertake at least one outdoor games and activity more frequently

„

16.6% would like to undertake at least one indoor games and activity more frequently

„

11.4% would like to undertake at least one outdoor pursuit activity more frequently

mruk research : Findings of Waves 1 and 2

Page 7

4.

Version 1 v Version 2

„

Up until the end of May our interviewers are working with two versions of the questionnaire. The only difference between both versions is the placement of the physical activity question. At the 1st of the June our interviewers will only be working with one version and therefore a decision needs to be made as to which version to proceed with at this point. In order to make this decision we need to look at two factors (1) interviewer feedback and (2) any differences in the results of both versions. Both factors are explored below.

4.1

Interviewer feedback

„

The following feedback has been received from our interviewing team regarding each version: Table 6: Version 1 v Version 2 – Interviewer feedback Version 1 – physical activity question at start Advantages Asks “difficult” and more time consuming question before respondent fatigue has chance to set in

Disadvantages Does not flow as well as version 1

Version 2 – physical activity questions towards the end Advantages Flows better – order is more logical

Less intrusive – able to build a rapport with respondent before going into what is considered as a personal question Respondents more prepared for answering the physical activity question having previously been prompted with the lists of sporting activities Disadvantages Physical activity question is introduced as a stage where minority are starting to become agitated and start asking how much of survey is left

Too intrusive – very heavy question right at start Less opportunity to introduce subject matter before asking physical activity question

mruk research : Findings of Waves 1 and 2

Page 8

4.2

Comparison of Results for Both Versions

„

The following table compared the results for both versions of the questionnaire and highlights where the differences are significant using the Z test. Table 7: Version 1 v Version 2 – Survey findings

1

% who have undertaken 5 times 30 minutes of moderate or vigorous activity 2 % who have undertaken 3 times 20 minutes of vigorous activity 3 % Participation in any activity 4 % Participation in any outdoor games and activities 5 % Participation in any indoor games and activities 6 % Participation in any outdoor pursuits 7 % Any club participating membership 8 % who want to undertake at least one Outdoor Games and Activity more frequently 9 % who want to undertake at least one Indoor Games and Activities more frequently 10 % who want to undertake at least one Outdoor pursuits activity more frequently 11 % sports related volunteering

Version 1

Version 2

13.4

12

Significant based on Z-test? (95% confidence) NO

15.8

14.8

NO

41.1 11.8

48.5 14.3

YES YES

20

23

YES

25.8 5.9 6.2

32.8 6.7 7.6

YES NO YES

15.7

17.6

YES

9.8

13

YES

3.5

3.8

NO

„

Version 1 (physical activity question first) would appear to show higher proportions meeting the targets, although only row 1 above shows a significant difference in results

„

Version 2 (participation questions first) would appear to show higher proportions of participation in all categories with all differences being significant

„

Version 2 also shows a significantly higher proportion of respondents who would like to take part in more activities of all category types

4.3

Issues for discussion

„

Does version 2 of the questionnaire influence respondents into thinking mostly about sports activities and not other physical activity?

„

Or is it that whichever questions comes first has more attention than subsequent questions due to respondent fatigue – therefore resulting in higher results for those questions?

mruk research : Findings of Waves 1 and 2

Page 9

mruk research : Findings of Waves 1 and 2

Page 10

5.

Recommendations for Future Waves

5.1

Questionnaire Version

„

mruk’s recommendation is that we go with version 2 for the following reasons: - interviewers believe questionnaire flows better - interviewer feedback that respondents are more receptive to the physical activity question once they have built up a rapport with the interviewer - significantly higher levels of participation in all categories of activities - we can instruct interviewers to stress the importance of including other types of physical activity in addition to sporting activities in order to increase the % meeting the physical activity targets

5.2

Fieldwork issues

„

Continue with mailing of advanced letter – proven to be a success so far. Many of those who don’t want to take part are calling to be removed the sample, leaving the remaining sample more likely to participate

„

Continue to maintain a robust validation process to satisfy SCW of the quality and consistency of our fieldwork approach

„

The first quarters data will enable mruk to carry out a more informed monitoring process of future fieldwork and data

„

Conduct a pilot weighting exercise on the first quarters data to examine the effect of the application of an agreed weighting protocol on the survey findings

mruk research : Findings of Waves 1 and 2

Page 11

Appendix E

Interviewer Briefing Notes

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

KJ20471 Sports Council for Wales Adult Participation in Sport and Physical Activity Survey 2008-09 Interviewer Briefings Notes Introduction The Sports Council for Wales have commissioned mruk research to undertake their 200809 Adult Participation in Sports and Physical Activity Survey. The survey involved just over 22,000 interviews across Wales to be undertaken between now and the end of February 2009. The survey is particularly important as adult participation in sport and physical activity is a focus of the Welsh Assembly Government’s strategy for sport and physical activity, Climbing Higher. Methodology The methodology for this survey is to be home interviews. Each interviewer will be given a sample of addresses at they have to make a number of calls (up to 4) until either an interview is achieved or a refusal is given. Interviewers are ONLY to call at these addresses and no others. Once at the address, interviewers should use the “Next birthday rule” to select the person who should take part in the interview. This should NOT always be the person who answers the door. If the address is a multiple dwelling e.g. a block of flats then use a Kich grid to determine which household to interview.

SECOND LAST DIGIT OF SURVEY REFERENCE NUMBER

LAST DIGIT OF SURVEY REFERENCE NUMBER Please Circle 0

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

4

3

6

0

7

5

1

1

2

9

1

8

7

2

3

4

6

9

5

0

6

2

1

3

3

9

0

4

2

1

6

2

3

5

4

0

1

7

3

5

5

9

6

4

3

0

2

8

4

1

9

7

6

3

5

7

7

4

5

2

0

3

1

8

9

6

2

6

6

1

5

7

8

0

9

4

7

9

8

3

2

4

8

6

5

8

1

8

7

9

1

0

5

6

7

1

4

4

9

6

4

9

2

2

5

3

8

8

5

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

If the person whose birthday is next, is unavailable at the time of calling, then an appointment should be made to call back to interview that person. A substitute should not be made. The contact sheet should be completed giving the interview outcome for each address. Contact sheets and a Kish Grid should be provided in you packs. Every person must be given the opportunity to take part in the interview in the language of their choice. Is a person requests an interview in Welsh (this is built into script) continue if you are a Welsh speaker. If not, inform the Field department (giving full details of respondents and preferred interview time) and appointment will be made for a Welsh speaker to call. Please also let field know ASAP, if a respondents request an interview in any minority language. Please note there are two versions of the questionnaire and you will be told in your packs which version you will be working on. They are identical in content, the only difference is the positioning of one section. For today’s briefing we will be going through version 1 however, the issues that we discuss are identical for both version and the Welsh versions. The Interview Script We will run through the script twice to make sure that we cover all possible routings. (1) Lots of participation in activities (2) No participation in activates Some issues to be aware of that arose during the pilot are listed below: Physical Activity Section „ Extra care needs to be taken when typing in the day of week working backwards. Please make sure that the order is correct. „ Respondents might require advice on what should and should not be included. All sporting activities should be included, some households tasks, some work related activity – Richard Harry to give further explanation. If unsure – put in other and will be dealt with at coding stage. „ Please make sure that you fill in the hours and minutes properly. These questions are really important and must NOT be left blank. If don’t know please record as 99. Club Membership Section „ The section covers any leisure centres or clubs that people are members of. This does not include going to a leisure centre and paying per visit, but would be included where you paid a monthly fee for a membership card. If a respondent is unsure whether they are a member or not, if they are, they would usually either (1) pay a monthly fee or (2) hold a membership card.

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

„ “Coaching or instruction” – this should not include a one-off induction at the gym which covers how to use machines, health and safety etc, but would cover a number of consecutive fitness session with a personal trainer or instructor. Personal Details „ If people are concerned about giving their personal details please reassure them that they will only be used to contact them for further research purposes.

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

Appendix F

Text for Advanced Letter

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

Sports Council for Wales Adult Participation in Sport and Physical Activity Survey I am writing to ask if you would be kind enough to take part in the Sports Council for Wales Adult Participation in Sport and Physical Activity Survey 2008-09. The survey is being conducted by mruk research, an independent market research organisation, on behalf of the Sports Council for Wales. We are interested in your views, whether you take part in sport or not. The survey is taking place across Wales, and its aim is to find out to what extent adults aged 15 years or over take part in sport and physical activity. The survey will also cover membership of sports clubs and organisations, volunteering in sport and participation in other leisure activities. Your household has been selected at random for inclusion in this important survey. Over the next few weeks a representative of mruk research will call at your home to ask a member of your household a series of questions. This will take no longer than 20 minutes. Interviewers who call at your home will carry personal identification at all times. They will also carry with them a copy of this letter. The interview will be entirely confidential and no-one from the Sports Council for Wales or any other organisation will see your individual answers or be able to identify any person or household from the data collected, unless you give them permission to do so. I hope that you will have the time to take part in this important survey and I would like to thank you in anticipation of your cooperation. If you have any queries about the survey, please telephone mruk research on their freephone number 0800 161 3157. Alternatively, you can contact Richard Harry at the Sports Council for Wales on 029 2033 8293. Yours faithfully,

Huw G Jones Chief Executive

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

Appendix G

Weighting Protocol

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

Technical Report Sampling An initial sample frame was selected from 1,397,980 household in Wales consisting of 36,432 addresses with 1,656 address selected within each of the 22 Welsh Local Authorities (LAs). Of these addresses, 35,435 were found to be valid addresses. Addresses were invalid for a number of reasons such as the building not being found, demolished, empty, a second home, an industrial address or an institutional or communal establishment. From the remaining 35,435 addresses, a sample target of 22,176 households was achieved. This consisted of 1,008 respondents per LA in Wales.1 Weighting The weighting of the data was carried out over a number of stages. These weights accounted for the selection of the respondents, non-response and adjustment weights to account for demographic factors. The demographic factors included age, gender, economic activity and prevalence of limiting long-term illness. Selection Weighting There were three weightings applied for the selection of the respondents based on the selection of address at the LA level, selection of the address at the street level and selection of the respondent within the household.

1

For full details of the sample frame, see Appendix 1.

1

Local Authority Address Selection Weight This weight accounts for the over-sampling and under-sampling of LAs based on the number of household addresses within each LA.

y=

Vi * Ai Si

α=

y Vi

Where Vi represents the number of valid addresses2 in the sample in LA i, Si the actual number of addresses that were sampled in LA i, Ai is the number of households in Wales in LA i from CACI3 data and α is the LA address selection weight. The first part of the first weighting formula deals with the sample size relative to the number of valid addresses in the sample frame selected from the Postcode Address File (PAF) supplied by CACI. In effect, it is the inverse sampling proportion of selected addresses that were valid. In the second portion, the adjustment is made for the population of households in each Welsh LA found from the CACI supplied PAF figures. In the second formula, the sample adjustment for LA is divided by the valid number of addresses in the sample for each LA. For example, in Anglesey there were 1,613 valid addresses from a Postcode Address File (PAF) of 34,405 addresses. A total of 1,008 addresses were sampled. Thus y = (1,613/1,008)*34,405 = 55054.83 and α

=

55054.83/1,613 = 34.13.

2

Valid addresses refers to addresses where no contact could be made with a potential respondent because the address was e.g. a second home, vacant, derelict etc. or no contact could be made with the selected household or selected respondent from with the household. See Appendix 1 for more details. 3 CACI Postcode Address File figures for Wales.

2

Household Selection Weight

The Household Selection Weight (β) is the number of households found at a selected address. For example, if an address had four dwellings, the household selection weight would equal four. Where this figure was unknown, it was replaced with the arithmetic mean number of households found from the sampled addresses in the LA the missing value was from.4 This weight was capped at a maximum of four. Respondent Selection Weight

Calculation of the Respondent Selection Weight (γ) is similar to the process of the Household Selection weight. Here, the number of people living in a household found at a selected address was recorded. Where this figure was unknown, it was replaced with the arithmetic mean number of people living in a household found in the LA the missing value was from.5 This weight was also capped at a maximum of four. Combined Selection Weight

The Combined Selection Weight δ is the reciprocal of the reciprocal of product of the α , β and γ calculated as:

δ=

1 1 /(α * β * γ )

Where α is the LA Selection Weight, β is the Household Selection Weight and γ is the Respondent Selection Weight.

4 5

See Appendix 2 See Appendix 2

3

Non-Response Weighting

To adjust for non-response, CACI data was used that provided the ACORN6 classification of non-response by LA. Five ACORN groups were used for this classification: Wealthy Achievers, Urban Prosperity, Comfortably Off, Moderate Means and Hard-Pressed.

For each LA, the proportion of non-response was calculated for each ACORN group (see Appendix 3 for non-response by ACORN classification and LA). For example, 62.69% of respondents from Wealthy Achievers responded in Anglesey representing a proportion of 0.6269. The non-response weight was calculated as the reciprocal of this proportion. For instance, the proportion given of 0.6269 would produce a reciprocal of 1/0.6269 = 1.60. Thus, 1.60 is the non-response weight for wealthy achievers in Anglesey. The calculation for the non-response weight λ is, therefore, calculated as:

λ=

1

π ij

Where π proportion of the valid targeted households that responded in LA i and in ACORN group j.

6

See http://www.caci.co.uk/download.aspx?path=/libraries/document/394.pdf Accessed 29th October 2009.

4

Core Sample Weight To calculate the Core Sample Weight (θ), the Combined Selection Weight (δ) is multiplied by the Non-Response Weight (λ). The formula for the calculation is:

θ = δ *λ Where δ is the Combined Selection Weight and λ is the Non-Response Weight. The result of this weighting was then scaled uniformly so it represented the number of the respondents in the survey (22,176).

Raking Weights Raking weights were used to adjust the weightings to match the characteristics of age, gender, limiting long-term illness and economic activity within each LA.7 This weighting process is algorithm based and relies on balancing each weighting to pre-determined percentages until a desired solution is found (normally to a set number of decimal places accuracy). For this task, the %Rakinge macro (Izrael, 1999)8 was used in the SAS System version 9.1.3 (Service Pack 4) for Windows. Accuracy was set at 0.00001 in determining when to stop iterating the program. In practice, this means that in every LA, each characteristic must be within 0.00001% of the actual proportion found in the LA.

7

Where a value was refused or missing, it was assigned to the largest group in the classification in the general population e.g. most frequent age group in the general population. Note that the largest sampled age group was aged 65 or over (34% of respondents) although this is not the largest age group in the general population which is 30-49 years of age. However, 30-49 years of age was the middle age grouping for the remaining 66% of the sample (the other age groups being 15-29 years of age and 50-64 years of age). 8 See http://www2.sas.com/proceedings/sugi25/25/st/25p258.pdf & http://www2.sas.com/proceedings/sugi29/207-29.pdf Accessed 19th September 2009.

5

Not all the demographic characteristics used in the weighting were treated in the same way. For gender and age, the cross-tabulated percentages were used. There were four age groups used in the analysis (15-29, 30-49, 50-64 and 65 or over). When combined with the two genders this produced eight categories of gender/age groups. The purpose of carrying out the calculation this way is that it allows for the weighting to be cross-referenced between these characteristics. For example, a weighting for gender alone would correctly weight for the respective proportions of males and females. A weighting for age group alone would correctly weight for the proportions of each age group. However, weighting for them independently would not weight for the proportion of e.g. Males aged 1529 or proportion of Females aged 65 or over. This extra information in the weighting can be useful especially in increasing the accuracy of the results if differences exist in the sampling of males and females within different age bands. The data source for the gender and age weightings was based on the 2008 mid-year population estimates published by the Office for National Statistics in August 2009. Limiting long-term illness was weighted in two groupings per LA: Those that had a limiting long-term illness and those that did not. The data source for this analysis was based on the 2001 United Kingdom Census. The final weighting demographic characteristic was economic activity by LA. This was based on six groupings: Working full time (30+ hours per week), Working part time (8 - 29 hours per week), Full-time student, Unemployed/seeking work, Other permanent not working and Wholly retired. Source data for the characteristic of these groups came from the Annual Population Survey (APS) produced by the Office for National Statistics for 2008.

6

Wales Weight: Rescaling for Local Authority Size In the raking process, it is possible to request a value that the sampled will total to when the raked weighting is applied. To ensure that the contribution of each Welsh LA was commensurate to its population size, during the raking process, totals for each local authority were entered representing the actual distribution of the population of Wales by local authority. For this adjustment, the proportional number of respondents for each LA was calculated from the Census 2008 mid-year population estimates. The raking totals for each LA used in the raking process are shown in the table below.

Survey Samples Sizes Relative to Welsh Population: Estimates of Population used for Raking

Raking Percentage

Wales Census 2008 midyear population estimates Percentage 2.32

Unweighted Frequency

Unweighted Percent

Anglesey

1,008

4.55

515

2.32

57,549

Blaenau Gwent

1,008

4.55

512

2.31

57,246

2.31

Bridgend

1,008

4.55

993

4.48

110,984

4.48

Caerphilly

1,008

4.55

1,257

5.67

140,555

5.67

Cardiff

1,008

4.55

2,410

10.87

269,372

10.87

Carmarthenshire

1,008

4.55

1,342

6.05

150,011

6.05

Ceredigion

1,008

4.55

601

2.71

67,153

2.71

Conwy

1,008

4.55

842

3.80

94,175

3.80

Local Authority

Raking Total

Wales Census 2008 mid-year population estimates

Denbighshire

1,008

4.55

727

3.28

81,307

3.28

Flintshire

1,008

4.55

1,113

5.02

124,467

5.02

Gwynedd

1,008

4.55

881

3.97

98,511

3.97

Merthyr Tydfil

1,008

4.55

409

1.84

45,678

1.84

Monmouthshire

1,008

4.55

656

2.96

73,347

2.96

Neath Port Talbot

1,008

4.55

1,023

4.61

114,380

4.61

Newport

1,008

4.55

1,020

4.60

113,992

4.60

Pembrokeshire

1,008

4.55

878

3.96

98,201

3.96

Powys

1,008

4.55

992

4.48

110,942

4.48

Rhondda, Cynon, Taff

1,008

4.55

1,723

7.77

192,612

7.77

Swansea

1,008

4.55

1,716

7.74

191,795

7.74

The Vale of Glamorgan

1,008

4.55

914

4.12

102,209

4.12

Torfaen

1,008

4.55

670

3.02

74,909

3.02

Wrexham

1,008

4.55

981

4.42

109,619

4.42

22,176

100.1

22,175

100.00

2,479,014

100.00

Total*

*Totals may not add up to actual totals due to rounding error.

7

Local Authority Weight The Wales Weight calculated from raking gives totals that sum to the relative proportion of each LA’s contribution to the population of Wales. In the survey, however, 1,008 people were surveyed per LA. Thus, for presentation of the weights at a LA level, rescaling was required so that each LA summed to 1,008 respondents when a weighting was applied. This was calculated as:

LAADJ =

Ti Ri

Where Ti is the unweighted total of respondents from LA i found from the survey (always 1,008 in this instance), Ri is the raked total found in LA i found from the application of the Wales Weight and LAADJ is the local authority weighting adjustment. Thus, the final weight is calculated as:

WeightLA = LAADJ * WeightW

Where LAADJ is the weighting adjustment, WeightW is the Wales Weight and WeightLA is the Local Authority Weight.

8

Appendix 1 - Sampling Frame Table: Respondents and Non-Respondents by Local Authority

Remaining in sample

Refusal as a result of letter

Other reason for refusal

Away/in hospital

Physically or mentally unable

Temporarily ill/incapacitated

Broken appointment

Proxy refusal by other member of household

Personal refusal by selected respondent

Other deadwood

Institutional/communal establishment

Business industrial

Second home/not main residence

Empty/vacant

Derelict/demolished

Not built/does not exist

Address not found

No contact made with selected respondent

No contact made with household

Local Authority

Achieved

Sampling Frame Table: Respondents and Non-Respondents by Local Authority

1,008 Anglesey 378 38 7 6 3 5 8 4 4 4 83 24 19 16 5 13 6 23 1,008 Blaenau Gwent 421 31 7 6 4 6 2 3 3 7 65 14 23 17 4 12 3 20 1,008 Bridgend 389 32 10 7 4 5 5 6 3 7 79 18 20 21 2 14 6 20 1,008 Caerphilly 412 31 5 4 3 5 3 3 3 4 62 18 28 17 4 15 6 23 1,008 Cardiff 386 36 7 5 5 5 1 2 5 7 84 19 29 17 3 16 2 19 1,008 Carmarthenshire 408 34 8 6 4 7 3 3 11 5 63 15 19 15 7 13 3 22 1,008 Ceredigion 393 39 13 9 5 2 2 5 8 6 72 20 20 17 3 10 6 18 1,008 Conwy 356 47 14 9 8 7 8 11 7 6 73 25 22 16 5 16 4 14 1,008 Denbighshire 404 26 4 8 2 4 7 4 2 5 76 24 23 20 5 9 7 18 1,008 Flintshire 370 44 11 6 6 10 7 3 6 14 76 22 19 22 2 8 4 18 1,008 Gwynedd 401 39 8 4 4 6 7 4 6 8 71 17 12 19 2 13 3 24 1,008 Merthyr Tydfil 392 30 6 9 4 5 4 5 8 5 76 13 24 26 3 13 3 22 1,008 Monmouthshire 439 35 7 2 2 3 1 3 2 4 67 10 18 15 2 10 4 24 Neath Port 1,008 368 45 8 10 3 5 6 6 3 8 74 18 31 22 5 10 8 18 Talbot 1,008 Newport 430 33 3 1 1 2 1 4 5 4 65 14 24 16 3 13 5 23 1,008 Pembrokeshire 386 45 9 7 5 6 5 6 7 7 65 19 18 18 6 12 5 21 1,008 Powys 399 33 8 7 2 7 2 2 3 3 75 16 21 24 5 11 10 20 Rhondda, 1,008 380 34 10 7 3 7 8 2 6 8 77 18 23 22 6 10 6 21 Cynon, Taff 1,008 Swansea 353 41 11 7 8 8 7 8 7 8 67 20 25 22 7 15 9 24 The Vale of 1,008 373 33 9 11 8 8 5 6 3 4 84 25 27 11 6 12 5 18 Glamorgan 1,008 Torfaen 415 26 4 5 6 6 1 2 7 4 59 17 24 21 7 16 6 22 1,008 Wrexham 388 38 11 9 5 11 5 4 2 5 73 19 17 14 7 8 9 23 22,176 8,641 Total 790 180 145 95 130 98 96 111 133 1,586 405 486 408 99 269 120 455 Figures in bold represent the actual sample, figures in grey were identified as not valid and figures in normal typeface are valid addresses in the sampling frame but not sampled.

9

Total in Sample Frame

Valid Sample

2 0 0 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

1,656 1,656 1,656 1,656 1,656 1,656 1,656 1,656 1,656 1,656 1,656 1,656 1,656

1,613 1,618 1,609 1,624 1,619 1,607 1,606 1,586 1,620 1,593 1,609 1,610 1,632

0

1,656

1,607

1 1 0

1,656 1,656 1,656

1,634 1,603 1,622

0

1,656

1,605

1

1,656

1,591

0

1,656

1,602

0 0 9

1,656 1,656 36,432

1,621 1,604 35,435

Appendix 2 - Replacement values used for replacing missing number of dwellings at an address and number of adults aged 15 or over in household Replacement values used for replacing missing number of dwellings at an address and number of adults aged 15 or over in household Mean Mean average average number of Local Authority number of adults aged dwellings at 15 or over in address household Anglesey 1.42 1.96 Blaenau Gwent 1.38 2.05 Bridgend 2.20 1.96 Caerphilly 1.63 3.13 Cardiff 2.12 2.23 Carmarthenshire 2.20 3.28 Ceredigion 3.22 2.16 Conwy 1.22 2.17 Denbighshire 1.40 2.14 Flintshire 1.37 2.14 Gwynedd 1.77 2.78 Merthyr Tydfil 2.24 2.15 Monmouthshire 1.64 2.11 Neath Port Talbot 2.40 2.00 Newport 2.38 2.40 Pembrokeshire 1.61 1.93 Powys 1.22 1.98 Rhondda, Cynon, Taff 1.99 2.01 Swansea 2.17 2.41 The Vale of Glamorgan 1.54 3.34 Torfaen 2.29 2.08 Wrexham

1.44

10

2.14

Appendix 3 - Local Authority by ACORN Group: Percentage Response

Local Authority by ACORN Group: Percentage Response Wealthy Urban Comfortably Moderate Local Authority Achievers Prosperity* Off Means Anglesey 62.69 63.64 61.99 62.38 Blaenau Gwent 65.12 62.22 62.33 Bridgend 62.87 62.22 62.40 61.76 Caerphilly 62.82 62.14 62.08 Cardiff 61.83 61.49 61.67 64.81 Carmarthenshire 63.99 62.07 62.69 Ceredigion 62.67 63.06 63.11 62.69 Conwy 63.26 60.87 64.11 62.22 Denbighshire 62.60 62.69 61.50 61.64 Flintshire 63.16 63.06 64.37 Gwynedd 62.69 62.22 62.10 62.76 Merthyr Tydfil 63.64 61.14 62.22 Monmouthshire 61.46 60.87 62.05 62.92 Neath Port Talbot 63.64 70.00 62.04 62.84 Newport 62.12 60.87 61.46 61.61 Pembrokeshire 62.22 62.92 64.17 Powys 62.48 60.87 61.98 61.64 Rhondda, Cynon, Taff 60.87 64.54 63.03 Swansea 63.06 62.69 63.64 62.35 The Vale of Glamorgan 62.69 63.06 62.38 63.64 Torfaen 63.28 62.12 61.54

HardPressed 62.42 62.07 63.64 61.72 62.50 60.43 62.69 63.93 62.45 63.64 62.98 63.41 61.95 62.77 61.81 63.64 61.76 61.69 64.12 63.40 62.65

Wrexham 62.99 60.87 61.58 62.82 63.53 *Note there were no Urban Prosperity respondents sampled in some LAs. The numbers of these ACORN type in these LAs is very low in reality due to the rurality of these LAs.

11

Appendix 4 - Weighting Comparison: Gender and Age Group

Gender/Age Group Female 15-29 Female 30-49

Stage 1 (δ) Weighting Comparison: Gender and Age Group Difference Unweighted Unweighted Weighted Weighted UnweightedFrequency Percentage Frequency Percentage Weighted 1,759 7.93 2,387 10.76 -2.83 3,758 16.95 4,905 22.12 -5.17

Wales MidYear 2008 Estimates 287,097 396,952

Mid-Year Percentage 11.58 16.01

Female 50-64 Female 65+

2,909 4,116

13.12 18.56

2,786 2,292

12.56 10.33

0.56 8.23

294,590 302,970

11.88 12.22

Male 15-29 Male 30-49

1,502 2,462

6.77 11.10

2,476 2,955

11.16 13.33

-4.39 -2.23

299,492 377,683

12.08 15.24

Male 50-64 Male 65+

2,246 3,424

10.13 15.44

2,109 2,267

9.51 10.22

0.62 5.22

283,761 236,469

11.45 9.54

22,176

100.00

22,177

99.99

0.01

2,479,014

100.00

Stage 2 (θ) Weighting Comparison: Gender and Age Group Difference Unweighted Unweighted Weighted Weighted UnweightedFrequency Percentage Frequency Percentage Weighted 1,759 7.93 2,385 10.76 -2.83 3,758 16.95 4,904 22.11 -5.16

Wales MidYear 2008 Estimates 287,097 396,952

Total

Gender/Age Group Female 15-29 Female 30-49

Mid-Year Percentage 11.58 16.01

Female 50-64 Female 65+

2,909 4,116

13.12 18.56

2,786 2,291

12.56 10.33

0.56 8.23

294,590 302,970

11.88 12.22

Male 15-29 Male 30-49

1,502 2,462

6.77 11.10

2,477 2,957

11.17 13.33

-4.40 -2.23

299,492 377,683

12.08 15.24

Male 50-64 Male 65+

2,246 3,424

10.13 15.44

2,109 2,267

9.51 10.22

0.62 5.22

283,761 236,469

11.45 9.54

22,176

100.00

22,176

99.99

0.01

2,479,014

100.00

Total

Gender/Age Group Female 15-29 Female 30-49

Stage 3 (Wales Weight) Weighting Comparison: Gender and Age Group Difference Wales MidUnweighted Unweighted Weighted Weighted UnweightedYear 2008 Frequency Percentage Frequency Percentage Weighted Estimates 1,759 7.93 2,568 11.58 -3.65 287,097 3,758 16.95 3,551 16.01 0.94 396,952

Mid-Year Percentage 11.58 16.01

Female 50-64 Female 65+

2,909 4,116

13.12 18.56

2,635 2,710

11.88 12.22

1.24 6.34

294,590 302,970

11.88 12.22

Male 15-29 Male 30-49

1,502 2,462

6.77 11.10

2,679 3,379

12.08 15.24

-5.31 -4.14

299,492 377,683

12.08 15.24

Male 50-64 Male 65+

2,246 3,424

10.13 15.44

2,538 2,115

11.45 9.54

-1.32 5.90

283,761 236,469

11.45 9.54

22,176

100.00

22,175

100.00

0.00

2,479,014

100.00

Total

12

Appendix 5 - Weighting Comparison: Limiting Long Term Illness Stage 1 (δ) Weighting Comparison: Limiting Long Term Illness Illness Limiting long term illness No limiting long term illness Total

Wales Census 2001 Figures

Unweighted Frequency

Unweighted Percentage

Weighted Frequency

Weighted Percentage

Difference UnweightedWeighted

7,025

31.68

5,269

23.76

7.92

623,641

26.99

15,151

68.32

16,907

76.24

-7.92

1,687,305

73.01

22,176

100.00

22,176

100.00

0.00

2,310,946

100.00

Census Percentage

Stage 2 (θ) Weighting Comparison: Limiting Long Term Illness Illness Limiting long term illness No limiting long term illness Total

Illness

Wales Census 2001 Figures

Unweighted Frequency

Unweighted Percentage

Weighted Frequency

Weighted Percentage

Difference UnweightedWeighted

7,025

31.68

5,268

23.76

7.92

623,641

26.99

15,151

68.32

16,908

76.24

-7.92

1,687,305

73.01

22,176

100.00

22,176

100.00

0.00

2,310,946

100.00

Stage 3 (Wales Weight) Weighting Comparison: Limiting Long Term Illness Wales Difference Census Unweighted Unweighted Weighted Weighted Unweighted2001 Frequency Percentage Frequency Percentage Weighted* Figures

Limiting long 7,025 31.68 5,970 26.92 4.76 623,641 term illness No limiting long term 15,151 68.32 16,206 73.08 -4.76 1,687,305 illness Total 22,176 100.00 22,176 100.00 0.00 2,310,946 *Differences in weighted percentages compared to Census due to the different population base sizes of LAs between the 2001 Census and mid-year 2008 Estimates.

13

Census Percentage

Census Percentage 26.99 73.01 100.00

Appendix 6 - Weighting Comparison: Economic Activity

Economic Activity

Stage 1 (δ) Weighting Comparison: Economic Activity* Difference Unweighted Unweighted Weighted Weighted UnweightedFrequency Percentage Frequency Percentage Weighted 833 3.76 1,543 6.96 -3.20

Wales APS 2008 ┼ Figures 104,200

Wales APS 2008 ┼ Percentage 4.33

Full-time student Other permanent not 2,562 11.55 2,764 12.46 -0.91 339,000 working Unemployed/seeking 1,228 5.54 1,381 6.23 -0.69 89,800 work Wholly retired 8,731 39.37 5,656 25.50 13.87 544,900 Working full time (30+ hours per 6,728 30.34 8,204 36.99 -6.65 977,041 week) Working part time (8 2,094 9.44 2,629 11.85 -2.41 351,759 - 29 hours per week) Total 22,176 100.00 22,177 99.99 0.01 2,406,700 *For weighting purposes, 15 year olds were considered to be sixteen years of age or older. Figures were not available for the population aged over 100 years of age. ┼ Based on proportions found in APS.

Economic Activity

Stage 2 (θ) Weighting Comparison: Economic Activity* Difference Unweighted Unweighted Weighted Weighted UnweightedFrequency Percentage Frequency Percentage Weighted 833 3.76 1,543 6.96 -3.20

Wales APS 2008 ┼ Figures 104,200

Economic Activity

Wales APS 2008 ┼ Figures 104,200

22.64 40.60 14.62 100.00

14.09 3.73 22.64 40.60 14.62 100.00

Wales APS 2008 ┼ Percentage 4.33

Full-time student Other permanent not 2,562 11.55 3,123 14.08 -2.53 339,000 working Unemployed/seeking 1,228 5.54 827 3.73 1.81 89,800 work Wholly retired 8,731 39.37 5,021 22.64 16.73 544,900 Working full time (30+ hours per 6,728 30.34 9,002 40.60 -10.26 977,041 week) Working part time (8 2,094 9.44 3,242 14.62 -5.18 351,759 - 29 hours per week) Total 22,176 100.00 22,175 100.00 0.00 2,406,700 *For weighting purposes, 15 year olds were considered to be sixteen years of age or older. Figures were not available for the population aged over 100 years of age. ┼ Based on proportions found in APS.

14

3.73

Wales APS 2008 ┼ Percentage 4.33

Full-time student Other permanent not 2,562 11.55 2,762 12.46 -0.91 339,000 working Unemployed/seeking 1,228 5.54 1,380 6.22 -0.68 89,800 work Wholly retired 8,731 39.37 5,655 25.50 13.87 544,900 Working full time (30+ hours per 6,728 30.34 8,205 37.00 -6.66 977,041 week) Working part time (8 2,094 9.44 2,630 11.86 -2.42 351,759 - 29 hours per week) Total 22,176 100.00 22,175 100.00 0.00 2,406,700 *For weighting purposes, 15 year olds were considered to be sixteen years of age or older. Figures were not available for the population aged over 100 years of age. ┼ Based on proportions found in APS. Stage 3 (Wales Weight) Weighting Comparison: Economic Activity* Difference Unweighted Unweighted Weighted Weighted UnweightedFrequency Percentage Frequency Percentage Weighted 833 3.76 960 4.33 -0.57

14.09

14.09 3.73 22.64 40.60 14.62 100.00

Appendix 7 - Weighting Comparison: ACORN Classification Stage 1 (δ) Weighting Comparison: ACORN Classification Unweighted Frequency

Unweighted Percentage

Weighted Frequency

Weighted Percentage

Difference UnweightedWeighted

Data Supplied ┼ by CACI

Data Supplied by CACI ┼ Percentage

6,790

30.62

6,270

28.27

2.35

894,249

29.85

616

2.78

892

4.02

-1.24

119,105

3.98

5,180

23.36

5,515

24.87

-1.51

770,188

25.71

4,578

20.64

4,762

21.47

-0.83

603,745

20.16

5,012

22.60

4,736

21.36

1.24

608,151

20.30

22,176 100.00 Total Figures ignore unclassified ACORN postcodes.

22,175

99.99

0.01

2,995,438

100.00

Acorn Classification 1-Wealthy Achievers 2-Urban Prosperity 3-Comfortably Off 4-Moderate Means 5-HardPressed ┼

Stage 2 (θ) Weighting Comparison: ACORN Classification* Acorn Classification 1-Wealthy Achievers 2-Urban Prosperity 3-Comfortably Off 4-Moderate Means 5-HardPressed

Unweighted Frequency

Unweighted Percentage

Weighted Frequency

Weighted Percentage

Difference UnweightedWeighted

Data Supplied ┼ by CACI

Data Supplied by CACI ┼ Percentage

6,790

30.62

6,257

28.21

2.41

894,249

29.85

616

2.78

900

4.06

-1.28

119,105

3.98

5,180

23.36

5,528

24.93

-1.57

770,188

25.71

4,578

20.64

4,760

21.46

-0.82

603,745

20.16

5,012

22.60

4,732

21.34

1.26

608,151

20.30

22,177

100.00

0.00

2,995,438

100.00

22,176 100.00 Total Figures ignore unclassified ACORN postcodes. *Data weighted for non-response not actual totals. ┼

Stage 3 (Wales Weight) Weighting Comparison: ACORN Classification* Acorn Classification 1-Wealthy Achievers 2-Urban Prosperity 3-Comfortably Off 4-Moderate Means 5-HardPressed

Unweighted Frequency

Unweighted Percentage

Weighted Frequency

Weighted Percentage

Difference UnweightedWeighted

Data Supplied ┼ by CACI

Data Supplied by CACI ┼ Percentage

6,790

30.62

6,417

28.94

1.68

894,249

29.85

616

2.78

863

3.89

-1.11

119,105

3.98

5,180

23.36

5,561

25.08

-1.72

770,188

25.71

4,578

20.64

4,688

21.14

-0.50

603,745

20.16

5,012

22.60

4,647

20.95

1.65

608,151

20.30

22,176

100.00

0.00

2,995,438

100.00

22,176 100.00 Total Figures ignore unclassified ACORN postcodes. *Data weighted for non-response not actual totals. ┼

15

Appendix 8 - Weighting: Local Authority Stage 1 (δ) Weighting: Local Authority Wales Wales MidMid-Year Year 2008 Weighted 2008 Population Percent Population Estimates Estimates Percentage 1.80 57,549 2.32 1.66 57,246 2.31 5.47 110,984 4.48 4.98 140,555 5.67 12.23 269,372 10.87 7.34 150,011 6.05 3.08 67,153 2.71 2.51 94,175 3.80 2.26 81,307 3.28 3.51 124,467 5.02 4.22 98,511 3.97 2.35 45,678 1.84 2.60 73,347 2.96 6.16 114,380 4.61 5.86 113,992 4.60 3.50 98,201 3.96 2.91 110,942 4.48

34,405 32,756 61,922 78,504 146,170 84,448 34,949 56,344 44,725 67,357 61,603 26,495 40,748 64,896 63,325 59,923 64,866

2.46 2.34 4.43 5.62 10.46 6.04 2.50 4.03 3.20 4.82 4.41 1.90 2.91 4.64 4.53 4.29 4.64

Difference in Percentages (Weighted – Addresses) -0.66 -0.68 1.04 -0.64 1.77 1.30 0.58 -1.52 -0.94 -1.31 -0.19 0.45 -0.31 1.52 1.33 -0.79 -1.73

0.05

107,999

7.73

0.09

7.74

1.73

109,581

7.84

1.63

4.12

-0.77

56,606

4.05

-0.70

74,909 109,619

3.02 4.42

0.83 -1.35

41,197 59,161

2.95 4.23

0.90 -1.16

2,479,014

100.00

0.00

1,397,980

100.02

-0.02

Unweighted Frequency

Unweighted Percent

Weighted Total

1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008

4.55 4.55 4.55 4.55 4.55 4.55 4.55 4.55 4.55 4.55 4.55 4.55 4.55 4.55 4.55 4.55 4.55

400 367 1,214 1,104 2,711 1,627 683 556 502 779 936 520 577 1,366 1,300 776 646

1,008

4.55

1,733

7.82

192,612

7.77

1,008

4.55

2,099

9.47

191,795

1,008

4.55

743

3.35

102,209

1,008 1,008

4.55 4.55

854 682

3.85 3.07

Total* 22,176 100.1 22,175 *Percentages may not add to 100% due to rounding.

100.00

Local Authority

Anglesey Blaenau Gwent Bridgend Caerphilly Cardiff Carmarthenshire Ceredigion Conwy Denbighshire Flintshire Gwynedd Merthyr Tydfil Monmouthshire Neath Port Talbot Newport Pembrokeshire Powys Rhondda, Cynon, Taff Swansea The Vale of Glamorgan Torfaen Wrexham

16

Difference in Percentages (Weighted – Pop. Est.) -0.52 -0.65 0.99 -0.69 1.36 1.29 0.37 -1.29 -1.02 -1.51 0.25 0.51 -0.36 1.55 1.26 -0.46 -1.57

Wales Addresses (CACI)

Wales Addresses (CACI) Percentages

Difference in Percentages (Weighted – Pop. Est.) -0.51 -0.65 0.99 -0.65 1.42 1.27 0.36 -1.33 -1.00 -1.54 0.25 0.50 -0.32 1.54 1.35 -0.48 -1.54

Wales Addresses (CACI)

Wales Addresses (CACI) Percentages

Difference in Percentages (Weighted – Addresses) -0.65 -0.68 1.04 -0.60 1.83 1.28 0.57 -1.56 -0.92 -1.34 -0.19 0.44 -0.27 1.51 1.42 -0.81 -1.70

Unweighted Frequency

Unweighted Percent

Weighted Total

1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008

4.55 4.55 4.55 4.55 4.55 4.55 4.55 4.55 4.55 4.55 4.55 4.55 4.55 4.55 4.55 4.55 4.55

400 369 1,213 1,113 2,726 1,622 681 547 505 771 935 520 585 1,363 1,320 773 651

1,008

4.55

1,728

7.79

192,612

7.77

0.02

107,999

7.73

0.06

1,008

4.55

2,076

9.36

191,795

7.74

1.62

109,581

7.84

1.52

1,008

4.55

739

3.33

102,209

4.12

-0.79

56,606

4.05

-0.72

1,008 1,008

4.55 4.55

860 680

3.88 3.07

74,909 109,619

3.02 4.42

0.86 -1.35

41,197 59,161

2.95 4.23

0.93 -1.16

22,176 100.1 22,177 *Percentages may not add to 100% due to rounding.

100.02

2,479,014

100.00

0.02

1,397,980

100.02

0.00

Local Authority

Anglesey Blaenau Gwent Bridgend Caerphilly Cardiff Carmarthenshire Ceredigion Conwy Denbighshire Flintshire Gwynedd Merthyr Tydfil Monmouthshire Neath Port Talbot Newport Pembrokeshire Powys Rhondda, Cynon, Taff Swansea The Vale of Glamorgan Torfaen Wrexham Total*

Stage 2 (θ) Weighting: Local Authority Wales MidWales MidYear 2008 Weighted Year 2008 Population Percent Population Estimates Estimates Percentage 1.81 57,549 2.32 1.66 57,246 2.31 5.47 110,984 4.48 5.02 140,555 5.67 12.29 269,372 10.87 7.32 150,011 6.05 3.07 67,153 2.71 2.47 94,175 3.80 2.28 81,307 3.28 3.48 124,467 5.02 4.22 98,511 3.97 2.34 45,678 1.84 2.64 73,347 2.96 6.15 114,380 4.61 5.95 113,992 4.60 3.48 98,201 3.96 2.94 110,942 4.48

17

34,405 32,756 61,922 78,504 146,170 84,448 34,949 56,344 44,725 67,357 61,603 26,495 40,748 64,896 63,325 59,923 64,866

2.46 2.34 4.43 5.62 10.46 6.04 2.50 4.03 3.20 4.82 4.41 1.90 2.91 4.64 4.53 4.29 4.64

Local Authority

Anglesey Blaenau Gwent Bridgend Caerphilly Cardiff Carmarthenshire Ceredigion Conwy Denbighshire Flintshire Gwynedd Merthyr Tydfil Monmouthshire Neath Port Talbot Newport Pembrokeshire Powys Rhondda, Cynon, Taff Swansea The Vale of Glamorgan Torfaen Wrexham

Unweighted Frequency

Unweighted Percent

1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008

4.55 4.55 4.55 4.55 4.55 4.55 4.55 4.55 4.55 4.55 4.55 4.55 4.55 4.55 4.55 4.55 4.55

Stage 3 (Wales Weight) Weighting: Local Authority Wales Wales MidDifference Mid-Year Year 2008 in Weighted Weighted 2008 Population Percentages Total Percent Population Estimates (Weighted – Estimates Percentage Pop. Est.) 515 2.32 57,549 2.32 0.00 512 2.31 57,246 2.31 0.00 993 4.48 110,984 4.48 0.00 1,257 5.67 140,555 5.67 0.00 2,410 10.87 269,372 10.87 0.00 1,342 6.05 150,011 6.05 0.00 601 2.71 67,153 2.71 0.00 842 3.80 94,175 3.80 0.00 727 3.28 81,307 3.28 0.00 1,113 5.02 124,467 5.02 0.00 881 3.97 98,511 3.97 0.00 409 1.84 45,678 1.84 0.00 656 2.96 73,347 2.96 0.00 1,023 4.61 114,380 4.61 0.00 1,020 4.60 113,992 4.60 0.00 878 3.96 98,201 3.96 0.00 992 4.48 110,942 4.48 0.00

Wales Addresses (CACI) 34,405 32,756 61,922 78,504 146,170 84,448 34,949 56,344 44,725 67,357 61,603 26,495 40,748 64,896 63,325 59,923 64,866

Wales Addresses (CACI) Percentages 2.46 2.34 4.43 5.62 10.46 6.04 2.50 4.03 3.20 4.82 4.41 1.90 2.91 4.64 4.53 4.29 4.64

Difference in Percentages (Weighted – Addresses) -0.14 -0.03 0.05 0.05 0.41 0.01 0.21 -0.23 0.08 0.20 -0.44 -0.06 0.05 -0.03 0.07 -0.33 -0.16

1,008

4.55

1,723

7.77

192,612

7.77

0.00

107,999

7.73

0.04

1,008

4.55

1,716

7.74

191,795

7.74

0.00

109,581

7.84

-0.10

1,008

4.55

914

4.12

102,209

4.12

0.00

56,606

4.05

0.07

1,008 1,008

4.55 4.55

670 981

3.02 4.42

74,909 109,619

3.02 4.42

0.00 0.00

41,197 59,161

2.95 4.23

0.07 0.19

Total* 22,176 100.1 22,175 *Percentages may not add to 100% due to rounding.

100.00

2,479,014

100.00

0.00

1,397,980

100.02

-0.02

18

Appendix 9 - Weighting Comparison: Gender by Local Authority Stage 1 (δ) Weighting Comparison: Gender by Local Authority

Wales Mid-Year 2008 Population Estimate

Unweighted

Weighted

Council

Anglesey Blaenau Gwent Bridgend Caerphilly Cardiff Carmarthenshire Ceredigion Conwy Denbighshire Flintshire Gwynedd Merthyr Tydfil Monmouthshire Neath Port Talbot Newport Pembrokeshire Powys Rhondda, Cynon, Taff Swansea The Vale of Glamorgan Torfaen Wrexham

Male

Female

27,635 27,546 53,948 67,894 130,191 71,698 32,802 44,999 38,939 60,947 47,537 21,979 35,606 55,105 54,899 47,162 54,407 92,691 93,288 48,739 35,987 53,406

29,914 29,700 57,036 72,661 139,181 78,313 34,351 49,176 42,368 63,520 50,974 23,699 37,741 59,275 59,093 51,039 56,535 99,921 98,507 53,470 38,922 56,213

Percentage Male 48.02 48.12 48.61 48.30 48.33 47.80 48.85 47.78 47.89 48.97 48.26 48.12 48.54 48.18 48.16 48.03 49.04 48.12 48.64 47.69 48.04 48.72

Percentage Female 51.98 51.88 51.39 51.70 51.67 52.20 51.15 52.22 52.11 51.03 51.74 51.88 51.46 51.82 51.84 51.97 50.96 51.88 51.36 52.31 51.96 51.28

Percentage Male 45.14 42.56 45.04 44.74 46.92 47.32 42.56 43.35 38.79 41.77 43.06 46.43 45.04 43.15 42.26 37.70 44.05 36.31 43.65 45.54 47.42 42.96

19

Percentage Female 54.86 57.44 54.96 55.26 53.08 52.68 57.44 56.65 61.21 58.23 56.94 53.57 54.96 56.85 57.74 62.30 55.95 63.69 56.35 54.46 52.58 57.04

Percentage Male 44.58 42.31 44.89 45.65 46.35 50.63 44.49 44.07 40.00 44.00 42.36 47.58 46.05 42.43 43.98 38.77 44.18 34.13 45.81 44.45 48.46 44.91

Percentage Female 55.42 57.69 55.11 54.35 53.65 49.37 55.51 55.93 60.00 56.00 57.64 52.42 53.95 57.57 56.02 61.23 55.82 65.87 54.19 55.55 51.54 55.09

Difference in Percentages (Weighted – Mid-Year estimates) Male

Female

3.44 5.81 3.72 2.65 1.98 -2.83 4.36 3.71 7.89 4.97 5.90 0.54 2.49 5.75 4.18 9.26 4.86 13.99 2.83 3.24 -0.42 3.81

-3.44 -5.81 -3.72 -2.65 -1.98 2.83 -4.36 -3.71 -7.89 -4.97 -5.90 -0.54 -2.49 -5.75 -4.18 -9.26 -4.86 -13.99 -2.83 -3.24 0.42 -3.81

Stage 2 (θ) Weighting Comparison: Gender by Local Authority

Wales Mid-Year 2008 Population Estimate

Unweighted

Weighted

Council

Anglesey Blaenau Gwent Bridgend Caerphilly Cardiff Carmarthenshire Ceredigion Conwy Denbighshire Flintshire Gwynedd Merthyr Tydfil Monmouthshire Neath Port Talbot Newport Pembrokeshire Powys Rhondda, Cynon, Taff Swansea The Vale of Glamorgan Torfaen Wrexham

Male

Female

27,635 27,546 53,948 67,894 130,191 71,698 32,802 44,999 38,939 60,947 47,537 21,979 35,606 55,105 54,899 47,162 54,407 92,691 93,288 48,739 35,987 53,406

29,914 29,700 57,036 72,661 139,181 78,313 34,351 49,176 42,368 63,520 50,974 23,699 37,741 59,275 59,093 51,039 56,535 99,921 98,507 53,470 38,922 56,213

Percentage Male 48.02 48.12 48.61 48.30 48.33 47.80 48.85 47.78 47.89 48.97 48.26 48.12 48.54 48.18 48.16 48.03 49.04 48.12 48.64 47.69 48.04 48.72

Percentage Female 51.98 51.88 51.39 51.70 51.67 52.20 51.15 52.22 52.11 51.03 51.74 51.88 51.46 51.82 51.84 51.97 50.96 51.88 51.36 52.31 51.96 51.28

Percentage Male 45.14 42.56 45.04 44.74 46.92 47.32 42.56 43.35 38.79 41.77 43.06 46.43 45.04 43.15 42.26 37.70 44.05 36.31 43.65 45.54 47.42 42.96

20

Percentage Female 54.86 57.44 54.96 55.26 53.08 52.68 57.44 56.65 61.21 58.23 56.94 53.57 54.96 56.85 57.74 62.30 55.95 63.69 56.35 54.46 52.58 57.04

Percentage Male 44.58 42.29 44.89 45.62 46.43 50.69 44.49 44.09 39.99 44.00 42.34 47.58 46.05 42.42 43.99 38.84 44.19 34.15 45.81 44.44 48.46 44.90

Percentage Female 55.42 57.71 55.11 54.38 53.57 49.31 55.51 55.91 60.01 56.00 57.66 52.42 53.95 57.58 56.01 61.16 55.81 65.85 54.19 55.56 51.54 55.10

Difference in Percentages (Weighted – Mid-Year estimates) Male

Female

3.44 5.83 3.72 2.68 1.90 -2.89 4.36 3.69 7.90 4.97 5.92 0.54 2.49 5.76 4.17 9.19 4.85 13.97 2.83 3.25 -0.42 3.82

-3.44 -5.83 -3.72 -2.68 -1.90 2.89 -4.36 -3.69 -7.90 -4.97 -5.92 -0.54 -2.49 -5.76 -4.17 -9.19 -4.85 -13.97 -2.83 -3.25 0.42 -3.82

Stage 3 (Wales Weight) Weighting Comparison: Gender by Local Authority

Wales Mid-Year 2008 Population Estimate

Unweighted

Weighted

Council

Anglesey Blaenau Gwent Bridgend Caerphilly Cardiff Carmarthenshire Ceredigion Conwy Denbighshire Flintshire Gwynedd Merthyr Tydfil Monmouthshire Neath Port Talbot Newport Pembrokeshire Powys Rhondda, Cynon, Taff Swansea The Vale of Glamorgan Torfaen Wrexham

Male

Female

27,635 27,546 53,948 67,894 130,191 71,698 32,802 44,999 38,939 60,947 47,537 21,979 35,606 55,105 54,899 47,162 54,407 92,691 93,288 48,739 35,987 53,406

29,914 29,700 57,036 72,661 139,181 78,313 34,351 49,176 42,368 63,520 50,974 23,699 37,741 59,275 59,093 51,039 56,535 99,921 98,507 53,470 38,922 56,213

Percentage Male 48.02 48.12 48.61 48.30 48.33 47.80 48.85 47.78 47.89 48.97 48.26 48.12 48.54 48.18 48.16 48.03 49.04 48.12 48.64 47.69 48.04 48.72

Percentage Female 51.98 51.88 51.39 51.70 51.67 52.20 51.15 52.22 52.11 51.03 51.74 51.88 51.46 51.82 51.84 51.97 50.96 51.88 51.36 52.31 51.96 51.28

Percentage Male 45.14 42.56 45.04 44.74 46.92 47.32 42.56 43.35 38.79 41.77 43.06 46.43 45.04 43.15 42.26 37.70 44.05 36.31 43.65 45.54 47.42 42.96

21

Percentage Female 54.86 57.44 54.96 55.26 53.08 52.68 57.44 56.65 61.21 58.23 56.94 53.57 54.96 56.85 57.74 62.30 55.95 63.69 56.35 54.46 52.58 57.04

Percentage Male 48.02 48.12 48.61 48.30 48.33 47.80 48.85 47.78 47.89 48.97 48.26 48.12 48.54 48.18 48.16 48.03 49.04 48.12 48.64 47.69 48.04 48.72

Percentage Female 51.98 51.88 51.39 51.70 51.67 52.20 51.15 52.22 52.11 51.03 51.74 51.88 51.46 51.82 51.84 51.97 50.96 51.88 51.36 52.31 51.96 51.28

Difference in Percentages (Weighted – Mid-Year estimates) Male

Female

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Appendix 10 - Weighting Comparison: Age Group by Local Authority

Council Anglesey Blaenau Gwent Bridgend Caerphilly Cardiff Carmarthenshire Ceredigion Conwy Denbighshire Flintshire Gwynedd Merthyr Tydfil Monmouthshire Neath Port Talbot Newport Pembrokeshire Powys Rhondda, Cynon, Taff Swansea The Vale of Glamorgan Torfaen Wrexham

Stage 1 (δ) Weighting Comparison: Age Group by Local Authority Wales Mid-Year 2008 Population Unweighted Age Group Percentages Estimate Percentages 15-29 30-49 50-64 65+ 15-29 30-49 50-64 65+ 20.24 28.79 25.98 24.99 14.78 26.98 21.63 36.61 23.63 28.44 24.01 23.93 15.97 29.07 23.91 31.05 18.48 28.91 24.39 28.23 19.35 25.79 20.54 34.33 20.04 30.15 24.78 25.03 13.39 28.77 24.01 33.83 21.60 34.19 24.01 20.20 20.54 35.42 21.13 22.92 23.01 33.10 23.67 20.22 15.87 25.50 26.69 31.94 17.85 29.48 26.83 25.84 12.30 26.29 23.91 37.50 27.95 24.35 24.43 23.27 12.00 25.60 24.60 37.80 19.77 29.32 25.89 25.02 11.71 27.18 22.82 38.29 20.55 29.75 25.43 24.26 14.48 30.85 23.91 30.75 26.16 29.96 22.11 21.77 13.10 26.19 25.50 35.22 21.95 31.69 24.17 22.19 15.28 26.09 21.53 37.10 21.72 33.98 23.22 21.08 12.40 26.69 24.90 36.01 22.43 32.21 23.79 21.57 16.87 26.49 22.82 33.83 33.76 31.61 18.24 16.39 16.17 29.17 21.03 33.63 24.67 32.36 22.75 20.22 8.93 26.29 27.08 37.70 24.04 32.44 23.16 20.36 12.10 27.58 24.50 35.81 23.32 33.57 23.29 19.81 16.96 23.71 24.50 34.82 23.76 31.88 22.94 21.42 18.55 29.27 18.15 34.03 22.97 31.63 23.66 21.74 16.77 33.43 22.62 27.18 18.37 31.65 25.99 23.99 14.98 30.95 20.73 33.33 24.76 33.32 21.68 20.23 11.01 29.76 24.90 34.33

22

Weighted Age Group Percentages 15-29 21.03 17.64 31.05 16.17 27.43 23.06 20.71 16.59 18.15 19.78 17.96 23.94 18.81 22.50 26.07 13.47 16.51 17.08 26.37 19.43 21.24 18.53

30-49 33.18 33.93 33.16 39.12 39.66 32.49 34.86 29.05 34.52 34.46 35.26 34.19 32.59 36.23 37.46 32.49 32.62 30.08 38.60 39.67 40.14 31.24

50-64 19.54 24.59 18.49 24.86 19.21 25.07 23.24 25.77 20.48 24.29 25.57 21.63 23.12 22.06 17.64 28.09 25.01 26.11 17.14 21.58 20.25 23.96

65+ 26.24 23.84 17.30 19.85 13.69 19.38 21.19 28.59 26.85 21.48 21.22 20.24 25.48 19.20 18.83 25.95 25.86 26.73 17.89 19.31 18.37 26.27

Council Anglesey Blaenau Gwent Bridgend Caerphilly Cardiff Carmarthenshire Ceredigion Conwy Denbighshire Flintshire Gwynedd Merthyr Tydfil Monmouthshire Neath Port Talbot Newport Pembrokeshire Powys Rhondda, Cynon, Taff Swansea The Vale of Glamorgan Torfaen Wrexham

Stage 2 (θ) Weighting Comparison: Age Group by Local Authority Wales Mid-Year 2008 Population Unweighted Age Group Percentages Estimate Percentages 15-29 30-49 50-64 65+ 15-29 30-49 50-64 65+ 20.24 28.79 25.98 24.99 14.78 26.98 21.63 36.61 23.63 28.44 24.01 23.93 15.97 29.07 23.91 31.05 18.48 28.91 24.39 28.23 19.35 25.79 20.54 34.33 20.04 30.15 24.78 25.03 13.39 28.77 24.01 33.83 21.60 34.19 24.01 20.20 20.54 35.42 21.13 22.92 23.01 33.10 23.67 20.22 15.87 25.50 26.69 31.94 17.85 29.48 26.83 25.84 12.30 26.29 23.91 37.50 27.95 24.35 24.43 23.27 12.00 25.60 24.60 37.80 19.77 29.32 25.89 25.02 11.71 27.18 22.82 38.29 20.55 29.75 25.43 24.26 14.48 30.85 23.91 30.75 26.16 29.96 22.11 21.77 13.10 26.19 25.50 35.22 21.95 31.69 24.17 22.19 15.28 26.09 21.53 37.10 21.72 33.98 23.22 21.08 12.40 26.69 24.90 36.01 22.43 32.21 23.79 21.57 16.87 26.49 22.82 33.83 33.76 31.61 18.24 16.39 16.17 29.17 21.03 33.63 24.67 32.36 22.75 20.22 8.93 26.29 27.08 37.70 24.04 32.44 23.16 20.36 12.10 27.58 24.50 35.81 23.32 33.57 23.29 19.81 16.96 23.71 24.50 34.82 23.76 31.88 22.94 21.42 18.55 29.27 18.15 34.03 22.97 31.63 23.66 21.74 16.77 33.43 22.62 27.18 18.37 31.65 25.99 23.99 14.98 30.95 20.73 33.33 24.76 33.32 21.68 20.23 11.01 29.76 24.90 34.33

23

Weighted Age Group Percentages 15-29 21.06 17.67 31.02 16.18 27.38 23.14 20.71 16.59 18.16 19.78 17.94 23.95 18.81 22.44 26.09 13.41 16.55 17.10 26.36 19.43 21.25 18.56

30-49 33.16 33.94 33.19 39.10 39.66 32.49 34.86 29.02 34.49 34.46 35.27 34.19 32.58 36.24 37.45 32.49 32.62 30.07 38.60 39.66 40.15 31.17

50-64 19.56 24.59 18.48 24.86 19.23 25.03 23.25 25.78 20.49 24.29 25.57 21.57 23.10 22.11 17.64 28.12 25.00 26.10 17.15 21.59 20.24 24.00

65+ 26.22 23.81 17.31 19.87 13.73 19.34 21.19 28.61 26.86 21.47 21.22 20.28 25.51 19.21 18.82 25.97 25.83 26.73 17.89 19.31 18.36 26.27

Council Anglesey Blaenau Gwent Bridgend Caerphilly Cardiff Carmarthenshire Ceredigion Conwy Denbighshire Flintshire Gwynedd Merthyr Tydfil Monmouthshire Neath Port Talbot Newport Pembrokeshire Powys Rhondda, Cynon, Taff Swansea The Vale of Glamorgan Torfaen Wrexham

Stage 3 (Wales Weight) Weighting Comparison: Age Group by Local Authority Wales Mid-Year 2008 Population Unweighted Age Group Percentages Estimate Percentages 15-29 30-49 50-64 65+ 15-29 30-49 50-64 65+ 20.24 28.79 25.98 24.99 14.78 26.98 21.63 36.61 23.63 28.44 24.01 23.93 15.97 29.07 23.91 31.05 18.48 28.91 24.39 28.23 19.35 25.79 20.54 34.33 20.04 30.15 24.78 25.03 13.39 28.77 24.01 33.83 21.60 34.19 24.01 20.20 20.54 35.42 21.13 22.92 23.01 33.10 23.67 20.22 15.87 25.50 26.69 31.94 17.85 29.48 26.83 25.84 12.30 26.29 23.91 37.50 27.95 24.35 24.43 23.27 12.00 25.60 24.60 37.80 19.77 29.32 25.89 25.02 11.71 27.18 22.82 38.29 20.55 29.75 25.43 24.26 14.48 30.85 23.91 30.75 26.16 29.96 22.11 21.77 13.10 26.19 25.50 35.22 21.95 31.69 24.17 22.19 15.28 26.09 21.53 37.10 21.72 33.98 23.22 21.08 12.40 26.69 24.90 36.01 22.43 32.21 23.79 21.57 16.87 26.49 22.82 33.83 33.76 31.61 18.24 16.39 16.17 29.17 21.03 33.63 24.67 32.36 22.75 20.22 8.93 26.29 27.08 37.70 24.04 32.44 23.16 20.36 12.10 27.58 24.50 35.81 23.32 33.57 23.29 19.81 16.96 23.71 24.50 34.82 23.76 31.88 22.94 21.42 18.55 29.27 18.15 34.03 22.97 31.63 23.66 21.74 16.77 33.43 22.62 27.18 18.37 31.65 25.99 23.99 14.98 30.95 20.73 33.33 24.76 33.32 21.68 20.23 11.01 29.76 24.90 34.33

24

Weighted Age Group Percentages 15-29 20.24 23.76 21.72 23.32 33.76 20.55 27.95 18.48 20.04 21.60 23.63 24.04 18.37 21.95 24.76 19.77 17.85 24.67 26.16 22.43 22.97 23.01

30-49 28.79 31.88 33.98 33.57 31.61 29.75 24.35 28.91 30.15 34.19 28.44 32.44 31.65 31.69 33.32 29.32 29.48 32.36 29.96 32.21 31.63 33.10

50-64 25.98 22.94 23.22 23.29 18.24 25.43 24.43 24.39 24.78 24.01 24.01 23.16 25.99 24.17 21.68 25.89 26.83 22.75 22.11 23.79 23.66 23.67

65+ 24.99 21.42 21.08 19.81 16.39 24.26 23.27 28.23 25.03 20.20 23.93 20.36 23.99 22.19 20.23 25.02 25.84 20.22 21.77 21.57 21.74 20.22

Appendix 11 - Weighting Comparison: Limiting Long Term Illness by Local Authority Stage 1 (δ) Weighting Comparison: Limiting Long Term Illness by Local Authority Census 2001 Figures Council

Anglesey Blaenau Gwent Bridgend Caerphilly Cardiff Carmarthenshire Ceredigion Conwy Denbighshire Flintshire Gwynedd Merthyr Tydfil Monmouthshire Neath Port Talbot Newport Pembrokeshire Powys Rhondda, Cynon, Taff Swansea The Vale of Glamorgan Torfaen Wrexham

Limiting long term illness 13,873 18,477 29,824 41,661 52,262 42,214 14,437 23,172 19,634 26,423 22,119 15,781 14,775 36,936 27,187 23,289 23,916 59,157 51,030 21,340 20,909 25,225

No limiting long term illness 40,084 36,951 72,747 92,478 185,772 96,776 45,848 65,320 54,566 92,538 70,485 28,656 52,912 71,863 79,423 67,522 77,956 124,945 129,322 72,115 51,164 77,862

Unweighted

Percentage Difference (Weighted – Census)

Weighted

Percentage Limiting long term illness

Percentage No limiting long term illness

Percentage Limiting long term illness

Percentage No limiting long term illness

Percentage Limiting long term illness

Percentage No limiting long term illness

Percentage Limiting long term illness

Percentage No limiting long term illness

25.71 33.34 29.08 31.06 21.96 30.37 23.95 26.19 26.46 22.21 23.89 35.51 21.83 33.95 25.50 25.65 23.48 32.13 28.29 22.83 29.01 24.47

74.29 66.66 70.92 68.94 78.04 69.63 76.05 73.81 73.54 77.79 76.11 64.49 78.17 66.05 74.50 74.35 76.52 67.87 71.71 77.17 70.99 75.53

32.44 36.51 36.41 39.68 27.38 32.24 23.41 31.05 35.12 30.95 28.17 29.46 31.35 41.07 32.04 29.46 29.27 28.97 32.34 30.06 25.79 33.73

67.56 63.49 63.59 60.32 72.62 67.76 76.59 68.95 64.88 69.05 71.83 70.54 68.65 58.93 67.96 70.54 70.73 71.03 67.66 69.94 74.21 66.27

26.21 28.56 23.44 28.15 20.47 24.16 15.35 23.66 29.59 26.54 20.07 18.31 23.72 31.50 21.80 20.19 24.89 24.56 24.55 23.13 17.33 31.13

73.79 71.44 76.56 71.85 79.53 75.84 84.65 76.34 70.41 73.46 79.93 81.69 76.28 68.50 78.20 79.81 75.11 75.44 75.45 76.87 82.67 68.87

0.50 -4.78 -5.64 -2.91 -1.49 -6.21 -8.60 -2.53 3.13 4.33 -3.82 -17.20 1.89 -2.45 -3.70 -5.46 1.41 -7.57 -3.74 0.30 -11.68 6.66

-0.50 4.78 5.64 2.91 1.49 6.21 8.60 2.53 -3.13 -4.33 3.82 17.20 -1.89 2.45 3.70 5.46 -1.41 7.57 3.74 -0.30 11.68 -6.66

25

Stage 2 (θ) Weighting Comparison: Limiting Long Term Illness by Local Authority Census 2001 Figures Council

Anglesey Blaenau Gwent Bridgend Caerphilly Cardiff Carmarthenshire Ceredigion Conwy Denbighshire Flintshire Gwynedd Merthyr Tydfil Monmouthshire Neath Port Talbot Newport Pembrokeshire Powys Rhondda, Cynon, Taff Swansea The Vale of Glamorgan Torfaen Wrexham

Limiting long term illness 13,873 18,477 29,824 41,661 52,262 42,214 14,437 23,172 19,634 26,423 22,119 15,781 14,775 36,936 27,187 23,289 23,916 59,157 51,030 21,340 20,909 25,225

No limiting long term illness 40,084 36,951 72,747 92,478 185,772 96,776 45,848 65,320 54,566 92,538 70,485 28,656 52,912 71,863 79,423 67,522 77,956 124,945 129,322 72,115 51,164 77,862

Unweighted

Percentage Difference (Weighted – Census)

Weighted

Percentage Limiting long term illness

Percentage No limiting long term illness

Percentage Limiting long term illness

Percentage No limiting long term illness

Percentage Limiting long term illness

Percentage No limiting long term illness

Percentage Limiting long term illness

Percentage No limiting long term illness

25.71 33.34 29.08 31.06 21.96 30.37 23.95 26.19 26.46 22.21 23.89 35.51 21.83 33.95 25.50 25.65 23.48 32.13 28.29 22.83 29.01 24.47

74.29 66.66 70.92 68.94 78.04 69.63 76.05 73.81 73.54 77.79 76.11 64.49 78.17 66.05 74.50 74.35 76.52 67.87 71.71 77.17 70.99 75.53

32.44 36.51 36.41 39.68 27.38 32.24 23.41 31.05 35.12 30.95 28.17 29.46 31.35 41.07 32.04 29.46 29.27 28.97 32.34 30.06 25.79 33.73

67.56 63.49 63.59 60.32 72.62 67.76 76.59 68.95 64.88 69.05 71.83 70.54 68.65 58.93 67.96 70.54 70.73 71.03 67.66 69.94 74.21 66.27

26.21 28.53 23.42 28.18 20.46 24.18 15.35 23.71 29.60 26.54 20.07 18.32 23.72 31.53 21.80 20.22 24.89 24.53 24.51 23.12 17.31 31.23

73.79 71.47 76.58 71.82 79.54 75.82 84.65 76.29 70.40 73.46 79.93 81.68 76.28 68.47 78.20 79.78 75.11 75.47 75.49 76.88 82.69 68.77

0.50 -4.81 -5.66 -2.88 -1.50 -6.19 -8.60 -2.48 3.14 4.33 -3.82 -17.19 1.89 -2.42 -3.70 -5.43 1.41 -7.60 -3.78 0.29 -11.70 6.76

-0.50 4.81 5.66 2.88 1.50 6.19 8.60 2.48 -3.14 -4.33 3.82 17.19 -1.89 2.42 3.70 5.43 -1.41 7.60 3.78 -0.29 11.70 -6.76

26

Stage 3 (Wales Weight) Weighting Comparison: Limiting Long Term Illness by Local Authority Census 2001 Figures Council

Anglesey Blaenau Gwent Bridgend Caerphilly Cardiff Carmarthenshire Ceredigion Conwy Denbighshire Flintshire Gwynedd Merthyr Tydfil Monmouthshire Neath Port Talbot Newport Pembrokeshire Powys Rhondda, Cynon, Taff Swansea The Vale of Glamorgan Torfaen Wrexham

Limiting long term illness 13,873 18,477 29,824 41,661 52,262 42,214 14,437 23,172 19,634 26,423 22,119 15,781 14,775 36,936 27,187 23,289 23,916 59,157 51,030 21,340 20,909 25,225

No limiting long term illness 40,084 36,951 72,747 92,478 185,772 96,776 45,848 65,320 54,566 92,538 70,485 28,656 52,912 71,863 79,423 67,522 77,956 124,945 129,322 72,115 51,164 77,862

Unweighted

Percentage Difference (Weighted – Census)

Weighted

Percentage Limiting long term illness

Percentage No limiting long term illness

Percentage Limiting long term illness

Percentage No limiting long term illness

Percentage Limiting long term illness

Percentage No limiting long term illness

Percentage Limiting long term illness

Percentage No limiting long term illness

25.71 33.34 29.08 31.06 21.96 30.37 23.95 26.19 26.46 22.21 23.89 35.51 21.83 33.95 25.50 25.65 23.48 32.13 28.29 22.83 29.01 24.47

74.29 66.66 70.92 68.94 78.04 69.63 76.05 73.81 73.54 77.79 76.11 64.49 78.17 66.05 74.50 74.35 76.52 67.87 71.71 77.17 70.99 75.53

32.44 36.51 36.41 39.68 27.38 32.24 23.41 31.05 35.12 30.95 28.17 29.46 31.35 41.07 32.04 29.46 29.27 28.97 32.34 30.06 25.79 33.73

67.56 63.49 63.59 60.32 72.62 67.76 76.59 68.95 64.88 69.05 71.83 70.54 68.65 58.93 67.96 70.54 70.73 71.03 67.66 69.94 74.21 66.27

25.71 33.34 29.08 31.06 21.96 30.37 23.95 26.19 26.46 22.21 23.89 35.51 21.83 33.95 25.50 25.65 23.48 32.13 28.29 22.83 29.01 24.47

74.29 66.66 70.92 68.94 78.04 69.63 76.05 73.81 73.54 77.79 76.11 64.49 78.17 66.05 74.50 74.35 76.52 67.87 71.71 77.17 70.99 75.53

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

27

Appendix 12 - Weighting Comparison: Economic Activity by Local Authority Weighting Comparison: Economic Activity by Local Authority* ┼ Wales APS 2008 Percentages Unweighted Percentages Working Working Working Working Other full time part Other full time part FullFullCouncil permanent Unemployed/ Wholly (30+ time (8 permanent Unemployed/ Wholly (30+ time (8 time time not seeking work retired hours 29 hours not seeking work retired hours 29 hours student student working per per working per per week) week) week) week) 3.55 14.92 4.09 25.40 38.32 13.72 2.58 14.38 5.56 39.98 28.87 8.63 Anglesey 3.41 19.71 4.30 22.76 39.07 10.75 2.58 20.83 8.04 33.23 26.98 8.33 Blaenau Gwent 3.25 15.15 4.55 22.68 41.13 13.24 5.56 16.27 5.56 38.49 26.59 7.54 Bridgend 4.46 18.64 4.17 20.98 40.20 11.55 3.67 12.20 5.56 41.27 29.37 7.94 Caerphilly 7.45 12.25 4.03 17.08 42.47 16.72 5.95 12.20 3.67 25.79 39.09 13.29 Cardiff 3.10 14.12 3.79 24.24 40.20 14.55 4.07 10.12 6.25 38.29 31.25 10.02 Carmarthenshire 10.28 11.04 2.76 24.39 36.61 14.92 4.86 6.25 6.85 39.68 29.66 12.70 Ceredigion 2.99 11.62 2.99 28.87 37.85 15.69 3.17 8.23 4.46 43.75 29.07 11.31 Conwy 3.48 14.30 3.48 25.52 38.40 14.82 3.97 11.21 4.86 44.25 26.69 9.03 Denbighshire 4.13 9.49 2.15 21.29 47.69 15.26 2.28 9.92 3.77 38.79 31.15 14.09 Flintshire 5.72 12.37 2.60 25.16 39.81 14.35 3.57 10.62 3.27 40.77 30.65 11.11 Gwynedd 2.93 17.79 4.28 21.40 39.35 14.25 3.67 7.64 13.29 40.67 30.85 3.87 Merthyr Tydfil 3.66 11.41 2.25 23.80 43.02 15.85 2.68 9.42 2.88 45.54 29.76 9.72 Monmouthshire 2.86 17.98 3.04 24.42 39.04 12.66 2.88 13.69 6.05 41.57 26.59 9.23 Neath Port Talbot 4.13 15.35 5.30 21.10 40.28 13.85 3.67 13.89 3.27 38.79 30.46 9.92 Newport 3.37 13.49 2.95 24.76 39.41 16.02 1.88 11.41 4.17 42.56 33.63 6.35 Pembrokeshire 3.06 10.03 2.88 26.18 42.10 15.74 2.98 10.32 2.68 40.28 31.65 12.10 Powys 4.63 16.06 4.10 21.49 40.61 13.11 7.54 15.38 3.77 44.64 21.83 6.85 Rhondda, Cynon, Taff 4.45 15.02 4.77 23.12 36.27 16.36 5.75 9.23 8.33 37.90 30.46 8.33 Swansea 3.83 13.12 3.94 22.10 41.37 15.64 2.78 13.39 4.96 32.34 36.61 9.92 The Vale of Glamorgan 2.75 17.61 4.68 23.38 38.48 13.10 4.07 5.85 9.82 36.11 38.29 5.85 Torfaen 3.00 11.64 3.38 20.66 46.20 15.12 2.48 11.71 4.76 41.47 27.98 11.61 Wrexham *For weighting purposes, 15 year olds were considered to be sixteen years of age or older. Figures were not available for the population aged over 100 years of age. ┼ Based on proportions found in APS.

28

Stage 1 (δ) Weighting Comparison: Economic Activity by Local Authority* ┼ Wales APS 2008 Percentages Weighted Percentages Working Working Working Working Other full time part Other full time part FullFullCouncil permanent Unemployed/ Wholly (30+ time (8 permanent Unemployed/ Wholly (30+ time (8 time time not seeking work retired hours 29 hours not seeking work retired hours 29 hours student student working per per working per per week) week) week) week) 3.55 14.92 4.09 25.40 38.32 13.72 3.73 13.16 7.11 28.42 36.91 10.67 Anglesey 3.41 19.71 4.30 22.76 39.07 10.75 3.04 17.32 9.59 26.31 34.65 9.09 Blaenau Gwent 3.25 15.15 4.55 22.68 41.13 13.24 13.16 16.46 5.92 20.84 34.06 9.56 Bridgend 4.46 18.64 4.17 20.98 40.20 11.55 4.88 11.61 7.60 26.63 38.85 10.42 Caerphilly 7.45 12.25 4.03 17.08 42.47 16.72 9.97 10.92 4.52 16.01 42.13 16.44 Cardiff 3.10 14.12 3.79 24.24 40.20 14.55 7.29 10.62 7.95 24.14 39.35 10.65 Carmarthenshire 10.28 11.04 2.76 24.39 36.61 14.92 8.92 6.58 7.15 23.47 38.03 15.86 Ceredigion 2.99 11.62 2.99 28.87 37.85 15.69 4.55 8.50 4.55 33.67 34.66 14.07 Conwy 3.48 14.30 3.48 25.52 38.40 14.82 8.43 9.44 5.08 31.02 32.84 13.19 Denbighshire 4.13 9.49 2.15 21.29 47.69 15.26 4.20 10.97 4.13 28.90 37.92 13.88 Flintshire 5.72 12.37 2.60 25.16 39.81 14.35 4.97 14.10 3.45 25.76 36.18 15.54 Gwynedd 2.93 17.79 4.28 21.40 39.35 14.25 6.77 8.27 13.88 24.74 40.54 5.81 Merthyr Tydfil 3.66 11.41 2.25 23.80 43.02 15.85 6.35 10.00 4.25 33.86 33.07 12.47 Monmouthshire 2.86 17.98 3.04 24.42 39.04 12.66 4.81 15.90 8.05 25.59 32.91 12.74 Neath Port Talbot 4.13 15.35 5.30 21.10 40.28 13.85 7.62 16.47 4.77 22.31 36.27 12.57 Newport 3.37 13.49 2.95 24.76 39.41 16.02 2.48 13.29 2.60 31.99 43.30 6.35 Pembrokeshire 3.06 10.03 2.88 26.18 42.10 15.74 4.59 11.12 3.50 31.74 34.23 14.82 Powys 4.63 16.06 4.10 21.49 40.61 13.11 4.98 18.30 4.73 38.03 25.33 8.63 Rhondda, Cynon, Taff 4.45 15.02 4.77 23.12 36.27 16.36 9.76 10.75 8.24 21.86 38.86 10.54 Swansea 3.83 13.12 3.94 22.10 41.37 15.64 4.65 13.12 6.43 23.59 40.21 11.99 The Vale of Glamorgan 2.75 17.61 4.68 23.38 38.48 13.10 6.89 6.82 10.80 21.01 47.40 7.09 Torfaen 3.00 11.64 3.38 20.66 46.20 15.12 5.33 12.89 5.79 31.17 31.45 13.37 Wrexham *For weighting purposes, 15 year olds were considered to be sixteen years of age or older. Figures were not available for the population aged over 100 years of age. ┼ Based on proportions found in APS.

29

Stage 2 (θ) Weighting Comparison: Economic Activity by Local Authority* ┼ Wales APS 2008 Percentages Weighted Percentages Working Working Working Working Other full time part Other full time part FullFullCouncil permanent Unemployed/ Wholly (30+ time (8 permanent Unemployed/ Wholly (30+ time (8 time time not seeking work retired hours 29 hours not seeking work retired hours 29 hours student student working per per working per per week) week) week) week) 3.55 14.92 4.09 25.40 38.32 13.72 3.73 13.16 7.12 28.40 36.94 10.65 Anglesey 3.41 19.71 4.30 22.76 39.07 10.75 3.04 17.32 9.60 26.29 34.67 9.08 Blaenau Gwent 3.25 15.15 4.55 22.68 41.13 13.24 13.14 16.44 5.91 20.85 34.09 9.57 Bridgend 4.46 18.64 4.17 20.98 40.20 11.55 4.88 11.62 7.60 26.65 38.82 10.43 Caerphilly 7.45 12.25 4.03 17.08 42.47 16.72 9.99 10.88 4.49 16.02 42.18 16.44 Cardiff 3.10 14.12 3.79 24.24 40.20 14.55 7.30 10.67 8.01 24.11 39.27 10.63 Carmarthenshire 10.28 11.04 2.76 24.39 36.61 14.92 8.91 6.58 7.15 23.47 38.02 15.86 Ceredigion 2.99 11.62 2.99 28.87 37.85 15.69 4.54 8.50 4.56 33.68 34.64 14.08 Conwy 3.48 14.30 3.48 25.52 38.40 14.82 8.43 9.43 5.07 31.06 32.80 13.20 Denbighshire 4.13 9.49 2.15 21.29 47.69 15.26 4.20 10.96 4.13 28.91 37.92 13.88 Flintshire 5.72 12.37 2.60 25.16 39.81 14.35 4.97 14.09 3.44 25.77 36.16 15.57 Gwynedd 2.93 17.79 4.28 21.40 39.35 14.25 6.77 8.26 13.86 24.76 40.54 5.81 Merthyr Tydfil 3.66 11.41 2.25 23.80 43.02 15.85 6.35 9.97 4.24 33.89 33.07 12.47 Monmouthshire 2.86 17.98 3.04 24.42 39.04 12.66 4.78 15.92 8.03 25.61 32.90 12.75 Neath Port Talbot 4.13 15.35 5.30 21.10 40.28 13.85 7.62 16.46 4.77 22.30 36.27 12.59 Newport 3.37 13.49 2.95 24.76 39.41 16.02 2.47 13.23 2.60 32.04 43.34 6.33 Pembrokeshire 3.06 10.03 2.88 26.18 42.10 15.74 4.59 11.13 3.51 31.71 34.24 14.81 Powys 4.63 16.06 4.10 21.49 40.61 13.11 4.97 18.30 4.74 38.05 25.34 8.61 Rhondda, Cynon, Taff 4.45 15.02 4.77 23.12 36.27 16.36 9.75 10.71 8.22 21.86 38.88 10.59 Swansea 3.83 13.12 3.94 22.10 41.37 15.64 4.66 13.12 6.43 23.60 40.21 11.99 The Vale of Glamorgan 2.75 17.61 4.68 23.38 38.48 13.10 6.90 6.82 10.80 20.98 47.42 7.09 Torfaen 3.00 11.64 3.38 20.66 46.20 15.12 5.35 12.90 5.76 31.19 31.46 13.35 Wrexham *For weighting purposes, 15 year olds were considered to be sixteen years of age or older. Figures were not available for the population aged over 100 years of age. ┼ Based on proportions found in APS.

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Stage 3 (Wales Weight) Weighting Comparison: Economic Activity by Local Authority* ┼ Wales APS 2008 Percentages Weighted Percentages Working Working Working Working Other full time part Other full time part FullFullCouncil permanent Unemployed/ Wholly (30+ time (8 permanent Unemployed/ Wholly (30+ time (8 time time not seeking work retired hours 29 hours not seeking work retired hours 29 hours student student working per per working per per week) week) week) week) 3.55 14.92 4.09 25.40 38.32 13.72 3.55 14.92 4.09 25.40 38.32 13.72 Anglesey 3.41 19.71 4.30 22.76 39.07 10.75 3.41 19.71 4.30 22.76 39.07 10.75 Blaenau Gwent 3.25 15.15 4.55 22.68 41.13 13.24 3.25 15.15 4.55 22.68 41.13 13.24 Bridgend 4.46 18.64 4.17 20.98 40.20 11.55 4.46 18.64 4.17 20.98 40.20 11.55 Caerphilly 7.45 12.25 4.03 17.08 42.47 16.72 7.45 12.25 4.03 17.08 42.47 16.72 Cardiff 3.10 14.12 3.79 24.24 40.20 14.55 3.10 14.12 3.79 24.24 40.20 14.55 Carmarthenshire 10.28 11.04 2.76 24.39 36.61 14.92 10.28 11.04 2.76 24.39 36.61 14.92 Ceredigion 2.99 11.62 2.99 28.87 37.85 15.69 2.99 11.62 2.99 28.87 37.85 15.69 Conwy 3.48 14.30 3.48 25.52 38.40 14.82 3.48 14.30 3.48 25.52 38.40 14.82 Denbighshire 4.13 9.49 2.15 21.29 47.69 15.26 4.13 9.49 2.15 21.29 47.69 15.26 Flintshire 5.72 12.37 2.60 25.16 39.81 14.35 5.72 12.37 2.60 25.16 39.81 14.35 Gwynedd 2.93 17.79 4.28 21.40 39.35 14.25 2.93 17.79 4.28 21.40 39.35 14.25 Merthyr Tydfil 3.66 11.41 2.25 23.80 43.02 15.85 3.66 11.41 2.25 23.80 43.02 15.85 Monmouthshire 2.86 17.98 3.04 24.42 39.04 12.66 2.86 17.98 3.04 24.42 39.04 12.66 Neath Port Talbot 4.13 15.35 5.30 21.10 40.28 13.85 4.13 15.35 5.30 21.10 40.28 13.85 Newport 3.37 13.49 2.95 24.76 39.41 16.02 3.37 13.49 2.95 24.76 39.41 16.02 Pembrokeshire 3.06 10.03 2.88 26.18 42.10 15.74 3.06 10.03 2.88 26.18 42.10 15.74 Powys 4.63 16.06 4.10 21.49 40.61 13.11 4.63 16.06 4.10 21.49 40.61 13.11 Rhondda, Cynon, Taff 4.45 15.02 4.77 23.12 36.27 16.36 4.45 15.02 4.77 23.12 36.27 16.36 Swansea 3.83 13.12 3.94 22.10 41.37 15.64 3.83 13.12 3.94 22.10 41.37 15.64 The Vale of Glamorgan 2.75 17.61 4.68 23.38 38.48 13.10 2.75 17.61 4.68 23.38 38.48 13.10 Torfaen 3.00 11.64 3.38 20.66 46.20 15.12 3.00 11.64 3.38 20.66 46.20 15.12 Wrexham *For weighting purposes, 15 year olds were considered to be sixteen years of age or older. Figures were not available for the population aged over 100 years of age. ┼ Based on proportions found in APS.

31

Appendix 13 - Weighting Comparison: ACORN Classification by Local Authority Weighting Comparison: ACORN Classification by Local Authority ┼┼ CACI Percentages Unweighted Percentages 3453411Council 2-Urban 2-Urban Comfortably Moderate HardWealthy Comfortably Moderate Wealthy Prosperity┼ Prosperity┼ Off Means Pressed Achievers Off Means Achievers 51.91 1.45 19.14 11.87 15.64 50.00 1.39 16.67 12.50 Anglesey 5.85 0.26 9.17 49.33 35.39 2.78 0.00 8.33 51.39 Blaenau Gwent 23.61 0.80 31.56 23.72 20.31 20.83 2.78 31.94 20.83 Bridgend 12.08 0.10 27.64 32.79 27.39 9.72 0.00 23.61 40.28 Caerphilly 19.57 17.89 26.18 15.16 21.20 19.44 18.06 27.78 13.89 Cardiff 43.33 0.46 27.72 13.48 15.01 45.83 0.00 25.00 12.50 Carmarthenshire 59.96 10.11 17.98 4.74 7.21 61.11 6.94 15.28 4.17 Ceredigion 34.84 4.28 38.76 8.13 13.98 31.94 2.78 43.06 8.33 Conwy 42.60 2.57 32.01 6.16 16.66 45.83 4.17 23.61 9.72 Denbighshire 40.20 0.32 33.85 6.84 18.78 41.67 0.00 34.72 5.56 Flintshire 39.72 3.25 22.66 18.34 16.03 45.83 2.78 15.28 18.06 Gwynedd 11.20 1.08 13.82 41.18 32.71 8.33 0.00 13.89 41.67 Merthyr Tydfil 53.56 1.88 23.51 6.97 14.08 50.00 1.39 22.22 5.56 Monmouthshire 16.79 0.37 32.85 23.95 26.05 9.72 1.39 31.94 25.00 Neath Port Talbot 21.06 2.91 26.07 24.37 25.58 18.06 4.17 25.00 25.00 Newport 48.60 2.33 19.06 12.26 17.75 47.22 0.00 22.22 15.28 Pembrokeshire 55.19 1.71 24.89 7.35 10.86 51.39 2.78 23.61 9.72 Powys 11.88 0.90 18.88 50.28 18.06 11.11 0.00 18.06 52.78 Rhondda, Cynon, Taff 25.72 6.60 27.99 17.47 22.22 27.78 4.17 27.78 15.28 Swansea 35.46 6.50 25.20 18.67 14.16 33.33 6.94 25.00 18.06 The Vale of Glamorgan 15.16 0.20 19.19 36.43 29.02 11.11 0.00 18.06 38.89 Torfaen 31.62 1.30 25.96 9.83 31.29 30.56 1.39 20.83 9.72 Wrexham ┼ Note there were no Urban Prosperity respondents sampled in some Local Authorities. The numbers of these ACORN type in these LAs is very low in reality due to the rurality of these Local Authorities. ┼┼ Figures ignore unclassified ACORN postcodes.

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5HardPressed 19.44 37.50 23.61 26.39 20.83 16.67 12.50 13.89 16.67 18.06 18.06 36.11 20.83 31.94 27.78 15.28 12.50 18.06 25.00 16.67 31.94 37.50

Stage 1 (δ) Weighting Comparison: ACORN Classification by Local Authority ┼┼ CACI Percentages Weighted Percentages 3453411Council 2-Urban 2-Urban Comfortably Moderate HardWealthy Comfortably Moderate Wealthy ┼ ┼ Prosperity Prosperity Off Means Pressed Achievers Off Means Achievers 51.91 1.45 19.14 11.87 15.64 48.38 3.07 17.44 14.16 Anglesey 5.85 0.26 9.17 49.33 35.39 3.11 0.00 10.45 50.50 Blaenau Gwent 23.61 0.80 31.56 23.72 20.31 21.33 1.84 33.51 22.05 Bridgend 12.08 0.10 27.64 32.79 27.39 10.33 0.00 27.00 39.75 Caerphilly 19.57 17.89 26.18 15.16 21.20 21.09 15.99 27.73 13.07 Cardiff 43.33 0.46 27.72 13.48 15.01 47.23 0.00 24.94 12.04 Carmarthenshire 59.96 10.11 17.98 4.74 7.21 62.62 6.95 15.16 4.36 Ceredigion 34.84 4.28 38.76 8.13 13.98 32.57 1.67 46.86 6.87 Conwy 42.60 2.57 32.01 6.16 16.66 50.22 3.90 17.65 10.79 Denbighshire 40.20 0.32 33.85 6.84 18.78 44.21 0.00 32.96 4.93 Flintshire 39.72 3.25 22.66 18.34 16.03 43.57 1.61 17.43 17.11 Gwynedd 11.20 1.08 13.82 41.18 32.71 8.30 0.00 15.09 38.62 Merthyr Tydfil 53.56 1.88 23.51 6.97 14.08 52.06 1.62 23.58 6.40 Monmouthshire 16.79 0.37 32.85 23.95 26.05 10.47 1.13 32.23 24.08 Neath Port Talbot 21.06 2.91 26.07 24.37 25.58 16.67 4.84 24.50 29.47 Newport 48.60 2.33 19.06 12.26 17.75 47.72 0.00 20.01 15.30 Pembrokeshire 55.19 1.71 24.89 7.35 10.86 47.52 2.09 28.51 11.16 Powys 11.88 0.90 18.88 50.28 18.06 10.85 0.00 17.65 52.56 Rhondda, Cynon, Taff 25.72 6.60 27.99 17.47 22.22 28.44 6.72 27.29 16.57 Swansea 35.46 6.50 25.20 18.67 14.16 35.58 9.45 21.91 18.92 The Vale of Glamorgan 15.16 0.20 19.19 36.43 29.02 9.64 0.00 19.59 39.36 Torfaen 31.62 1.30 25.96 9.83 31.29 33.19 2.93 22.01 9.75 Wrexham ┼ Note there were no Urban Prosperity respondents sampled in some Local Authorities. The numbers of these ACORN type in these LAs is very low in reality due to the rurality of these Local Authorities. ┼┼ Figures ignore unclassified ACORN postcodes.

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5HardPressed 16.95 35.94 21.27 22.92 22.12 15.79 10.91 12.03 17.44 17.9 20.27 37.99 16.35 32.09 24.52 16.97 10.71 18.93 20.97 14.13 31.4 32.12

Stage 2 (θ) Weighting Comparison: ACORN Classification by Local Authority ┼┼ CACI Percentages Weighted Percentages* 3453411Council 2-Urban 2-Urban Comfortably Moderate HardWealthy Comfortably Moderate Wealthy ┼ ┼ Prosperity Prosperity Off Means Pressed Achievers Off Means Achievers 51.91 1.45 19.14 11.87 15.64 48.24 3.02 17.58 14.19 Anglesey 5.85 0.26 9.17 49.33 35.39 2.98 0.00 10.47 50.48 Blaenau Gwent 23.61 0.80 31.56 23.72 20.31 21.24 1.85 33.62 22.35 Bridgend 12.08 0.10 27.64 32.79 27.39 10.21 0.00 26.97 39.75 Caerphilly 19.57 17.89 26.18 15.16 21.20 21.24 16.19 27.99 12.55 Cardiff 43.33 0.46 27.72 13.48 15.01 46.32 0.00 25.22 12.05 Carmarthenshire 59.96 10.11 17.98 4.74 7.21 62.72 6.91 15.08 4.36 Ceredigion 34.84 4.28 38.76 8.13 13.98 32.75 1.74 46.50 7.02 Conwy 42.60 2.57 32.01 6.16 16.66 49.96 3.87 17.88 10.90 Denbighshire 40.20 0.32 33.85 6.84 18.78 44.29 0.00 33.07 4.84 Flintshire 39.72 3.25 22.66 18.34 16.03 43.54 1.62 17.59 17.08 Gwynedd 11.20 1.08 13.82 41.18 32.71 8.17 0.00 15.45 38.86 Merthyr Tydfil 53.56 1.88 23.51 6.97 14.08 52.31 1.64 23.47 6.29 Monmouthshire 16.79 0.37 32.85 23.95 26.05 10.32 1.01 32.58 24.03 Neath Port Talbot 21.06 2.91 26.07 24.37 25.58 16.55 4.91 24.58 29.50 Newport 48.60 2.33 19.06 12.26 17.75 48.24 0.00 20.00 14.99 Pembrokeshire 55.19 1.71 24.89 7.35 10.86 47.26 2.14 28.58 11.25 Powys 11.88 0.90 18.88 50.28 18.06 11.20 0.00 17.18 52.36 Rhondda, Cynon, Taff 25.72 6.60 27.99 17.47 22.22 28.55 6.79 27.15 16.82 Swansea 35.46 6.50 25.20 18.67 14.16 35.72 9.43 22.11 18.71 The Vale of Glamorgan 15.16 0.20 19.19 36.43 29.02 9.47 0.00 19.61 39.76 Torfaen 31.62 1.30 25.96 9.83 31.29 33.07 3.02 22.43 9.74 Wrexham *Data weighted for non-response not actual totals. ┼ Note there were no Urban Prosperity respondents sampled in some Local Authorities. The numbers of these ACORN type in these LAs is very low in reality due to the rurality of these Local Authorities. ┼┼ Figures ignore unclassified ACORN postcodes.

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5HardPressed 16.98 36.07 20.93 23.06 22.03 16.4 10.92 11.98 17.39 17.8 20.17 37.52 16.3 32.07 24.47 16.77 10.78 19.27 20.7 14.03 31.16 31.74

Stage 3 (Wales Weight) Weighting Comparison: ACORN Classification by Local Authority ┼┼ CACI Percentages Weighted Percentages* 3453411Council 2-Urban 2-Urban Comfortably Moderate HardWealthy Comfortably Moderate Wealthy ┼ ┼ Prosperity Prosperity Off Means Pressed Achievers Off Means Achievers 51.91 1.45 19.14 11.87 15.64 46.72 3.42 17.84 15.44 Anglesey 5.85 0.26 9.17 49.33 35.39 3.27 0.00 10.13 50.30 Blaenau Gwent 23.61 0.80 31.56 23.72 20.31 20.38 1.67 35.51 21.94 Bridgend 12.08 0.10 27.64 32.79 27.39 9.80 0.00 25.65 40.53 Caerphilly 19.57 17.89 26.18 15.16 21.20 20.38 16.31 27.93 12.72 Cardiff 43.33 0.46 27.72 13.48 15.01 46.93 0.00 24.98 11.82 Carmarthenshire 59.96 10.11 17.98 4.74 7.21 61.12 7.35 15.09 5.16 Ceredigion 34.84 4.28 38.76 8.13 13.98 32.72 1.84 45.18 7.77 Conwy 42.60 2.57 32.01 6.16 16.66 47.78 4.26 17.64 11.28 Denbighshire 40.20 0.32 33.85 6.84 18.78 44.40 0.00 33.11 5.47 Flintshire 39.72 3.25 22.66 18.34 16.03 42.36 1.75 16.73 17.04 Gwynedd 11.20 1.08 13.82 41.18 32.71 7.40 0.00 14.04 41.75 Merthyr Tydfil 53.56 1.88 23.51 6.97 14.08 52.23 1.64 23.70 6.63 Monmouthshire 16.79 0.37 32.85 23.95 26.05 10.58 0.78 33.33 24.20 Neath Port Talbot 21.06 2.91 26.07 24.37 25.58 16.75 5.57 25.24 28.22 Newport 48.60 2.33 19.06 12.26 17.75 45.99 0.00 21.14 16.43 Pembrokeshire 55.19 1.71 24.89 7.35 10.86 46.38 2.18 28.07 12.57 Powys 11.88 0.90 18.88 50.28 18.06 10.03 0.00 18.72 51.96 Rhondda, Cynon, Taff 25.72 6.60 27.99 17.47 22.22 27.72 6.70 26.06 18.68 Swansea 35.46 6.50 25.20 18.67 14.16 34.41 9.49 23.15 19.82 The Vale of Glamorgan 15.16 0.20 19.19 36.43 29.02 8.54 0.00 19.63 40.02 Torfaen 31.62 1.30 25.96 9.83 31.29 32.56 3.11 23.47 8.68 Wrexham *Data weighted for non-response not actual totals. ┼ Note there were no Urban Prosperity respondents sampled in some Local Authorities. The numbers of these ACORN type in these LAs is very low in reality due to the rurality of these Local Authorities. ┼┼ Figures ignore unclassified ACORN postcodes.

35

5HardPressed 16.58 36.3 20.51 24.02 22.66 16.27 11.27 12.48 19.04 17.02 22.12 36.81 15.8 31.11 24.22 16.44 10.79 19.3 20.84 13.13 31.81 32.18

Appendix 14 - Mean and Median Average Weights by Local Authority Mean and Median Average Weights by Local Authority (Wales Weight) Number in Standard Council Mean Median Sample Deviation Anglesey 1,008 0.51 0.48 0.39 Blaenau Gwent 1,008 0.51 0.47 0.39 Bridgend 1,008 0.98 0.90 0.69 Caerphilly 1,008 1.25 1.33 0.78 Cardiff 1,008 2.39 2.18 1.82 Carmarthenshire 1,008 1.33 1.14 0.96 Ceredigion 1,008 0.60 0.61 0.45 Conwy 1,008 0.84 0.79 0.66 Denbighshire 1,008 0.72 0.82 0.48 Flintshire 1,008 1.10 1.23 0.74 Gwynedd 1,008 0.87 0.88 0.59 Merthyr Tydfil 1,008 0.41 0.59 0.22 Monmouthshire 1,008 0.65 0.71 0.44 Neath Port Talbot 1,008 1.02 0.92 0.68 Newport 1,008 1.01 0.86 0.82 Pembrokeshire 1,008 0.87 1.02 0.61 Powys 1,008 0.98 0.89 0.78 Rhondda, Cynon, Taff 1,008 1.71 2.13 1.14 Swansea 1,008 1.70 1.64 1.37 The Vale of Glamorgan 1,008 0.91 0.88 0.62 Torfaen 1,008 0.66 0.75 0.44 Wrexham 1,008 0.97 1.15 0.63

36

Appendix H

Statistical tables

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

Any participation

Characteristic Overall Male Female 15 16 - 19 20 - 24 25 - 29 30 - 34 35 - 39 40 - 44 45 - 49 50 - 54 55 - 59 60 - 64 65 - 69 70 - 74 75+ Q42: Has long-term illness, health problem or disa Q42: Does not have long-term illness, health probl Blaenau Gwent Bridgend Caerphilly Cardiff Carmarthenshire Ceredigion Conwy Denbighshire Flintshire Gwynedd Isle of Anglesey Merthyr Tydfil Monmouthshire Neath Port Talbot Newport Pembrokeshire Powys Rhondda, Cynon, Taff Swansea Torfaen Vale of Glamorgan, The Wrexham

Sample size 22,176 9,634 12,542 59 883 1,117 1,202 1,295 1,573 1,712 1,551 1,434 1,568 2,153 2,108 1,999 3,433 7,025 15,068 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008

Percent 56.37 62.50 50.65 96.63 78.77 68.12 63.21 63.99 64.33 60.11 60.26 55.95 50.38 55.65 51.46 39.30 21.04 34.66 64.56 41.50 60.45 58.10 71.86 53.87 60.11 56.34 62.92 66.97 55.96 59.85 30.72 59.96 57.80 60.50 49.69 67.43 28.37 60.17 28.53 57.56 60.40

95% CI +/ 1.33 1.72 1.68 3.98 3.83 5.06 4.14 3.76 3.58 3.19 3.63 3.88 3.72 3.40 3.29 3.13 2.05 2.11 1.46 5.81 5.89 5.78 5.54 4.82 5.61 5.99 6.19 4.51 5.71 6.74 6.25 5.90 5.74 5.35 5.58 5.46 6.25 5.16 5.09 6.48 7.07

Upper CI 57.71 64.22 52.34 100.00 82.60 73.17 67.35 67.74 67.91 63.29 63.89 59.82 54.10 59.04 54.75 42.43 23.09 36.78 66.01 47.30 66.34 63.87 77.40 58.69 65.72 62.33 69.11 71.49 61.67 66.59 36.97 65.86 63.53 65.85 55.26 72.89 34.62 65.33 33.62 64.03 67.47

Lower CI 55.04 60.78 48.97 92.03 74.94 63.06 59.07 60.23 60.75 56.92 56.63 52.07 46.65 52.25 48.16 36.16 18.99 32.55 63.10 35.69 54.57 52.32 66.31 49.05 54.50 50.35 56.73 62.46 50.25 53.11 24.46 54.06 52.06 55.15 44.11 61.96 22.11 55.00 23.44 51.08 53.33

True standard error 0.68 0.88 0.86 2.27 1.95 2.57 2.11 1.91 1.82 1.62 1.85 1.97 1.90 1.73 1.68 1.60 1.04 1.08 0.74 2.91 2.95 2.90 2.78 2.42 2.81 3.00 3.10 2.26 2.86 3.38 3.14 2.96 2.88 2.68 2.80 2.74 3.14 2.59 2.55 3.25 3.54

Design Factor 2.05 1.78 1.93 0.97 1.42 1.85 1.52 1.44 1.52 1.38 1.50 1.51 1.51 1.63 1.55 1.47 1.51 1.91 1.92 1.89 1.93 1.87 1.97 1.54 1.84 1.93 2.05 1.53 1.84 2.21 2.18 1.93 1.86 1.75 1.78 1.87 2.21 1.68 1.81 2.10 2.31

Any participation excluding billiards/snooker and walking

Characteristic Overall Male Female 15 16 - 19 20 - 24 25 - 29 30 - 34 35 - 39 40 - 44 45 - 49 50 - 54 55 - 59 60 - 64 65 - 69 70 - 74 75+ Q42: Has long-term illness, health problem or disa Q42: Does not have long-term illness, health probl Blaenau Gwent Bridgend Caerphilly Cardiff Carmarthenshire Ceredigion Conwy Denbighshire Flintshire Gwynedd Isle of Anglesey Merthyr Tydfil Monmouthshire Neath Port Talbot Newport Pembrokeshire Powys Rhondda, Cynon, Taff Swansea Torfaen Vale of Glamorgan, The Wrexham

Sample size 22,176 9,634 12,542 59 883 1,117 1,202 1,295 1,573 1,712 1,551 1,434 1,568 2,153 2,108 1,999 3,433 7,025 15,068 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008

Percent 38.46 46.90 30.57 90.80 68.12 56.53 49.10 49.50 49.21 43.61 40.86 31.84 26.69 31.03 23.91 18.90 9.75 19.41 45.61 25.54 37.10 39.97 53.58 34.75 38.20 38.97 43.57 45.90 34.99 30.81 20.45 38.94 42.83 44.36 37.86 41.46 19.25 41.32 17.80 37.16 45.22

95% CI +/ 1.23 1.76 1.44 9.39 4.39 5.11 4.15 3.73 3.57 3.30 3.73 3.64 3.27 3.21 2.73 2.42 1.37 1.76 1.41 5.16 4.20 5.59 4.56 4.35 4.80 5.97 6.11 4.45 5.00 4.87 5.13 5.66 5.52 5.51 4.42 5.62 5.55 5.58 4.07 5.28 7.37

Upper CI 39.69 48.66 32.01 100.00 72.51 61.64 53.25 53.24 52.78 46.91 44.59 35.48 29.96 34.25 26.65 21.31 11.12 21.18 47.02 30.70 41.30 45.56 58.14 39.10 43.00 44.94 49.69 50.35 39.99 35.68 25.58 44.61 48.36 49.88 42.28 47.08 24.80 46.90 21.87 42.44 52.60

Lower CI 37.23 45.14 29.13 81.22 63.73 51.42 44.95 45.77 45.64 40.31 37.13 28.21 23.42 27.82 21.18 16.48 8.38 17.65 44.20 20.38 32.90 34.38 49.02 30.40 33.40 33.00 37.46 41.45 30.00 25.94 15.32 33.28 37.31 38.85 33.44 35.84 13.70 35.75 13.73 31.88 37.85

True standard error 0.63 0.90 0.73 4.73 2.24 2.60 2.11 1.90 1.82 1.68 1.90 1.85 1.67 1.64 1.39 1.23 0.70 0.90 0.72 2.59 2.11 2.80 2.29 2.18 2.41 2.99 3.07 2.23 2.51 2.44 2.57 2.84 2.77 2.77 2.22 2.82 2.78 2.80 2.04 2.65 3.70

Design factor 1.93 1.77 1.79 1.25 1.43 1.76 1.47 1.38 1.45 1.41 1.53 1.51 1.50 1.65 1.51 1.41 1.39 1.91 1.78 1.90 1.39 1.82 1.46 1.46 1.59 1.96 1.98 1.43 1.68 1.70 2.05 1.86 1.79 1.77 1.46 1.82 2.25 1.81 1.71 1.75 2.37

Any participation including exercise machines

Characteristic Overall Male Female 15 16 - 19 20 - 24 25 - 29 30 - 34 35 - 39 40 - 44 45 - 49 50 - 54 55 - 59 60 - 64 65 - 69 70 - 74 75+ Q42: Has long-term illness, health problem or disa Q42: Does not have long-term illness, health probl Blaenau Gwent Bridgend Caerphilly Cardiff Carmarthenshire Ceredigion Conwy Denbighshire Flintshire Gwynedd Isle of Anglesey Merthyr Tydfil Monmouthshire Neath Port Talbot Newport Pembrokeshire Powys Rhondda, Cynon, Taff Swansea Torfaen Vale of Glamorgan, The Wrexham

Sample size 22,176 9,634 12,542 59 883 1,117 1,202 1,295 1,573 1,712 1,551 1,434 1,568 2,153 2,108 1,999 3,433 7,025 15,068 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008 1,008

Percent 57.80 63.52 52.45 96.63 79.13 68.95 65.07 65.28 65.98 62.78 61.51 59.05 51.58 56.47 52.64 40.23 21.72 35.87 66.07 42.19 61.14 60.26 72.16 56.63 62.03 57.79 63.33 68.05 56.39 62.14 31.57 60.48 59.51 61.50 50.78 68.06 31.47 62.07 29.67 58.57 63.12

95% CI +/ 1.33 1.71 1.67 3.98 3.80 5.03 3.97 3.67 3.53 3.24 3.62 3.80 3.72 3.37 3.33 3.13 2.09 2.13 1.44 5.92 5.79 5.59 5.53 4.76 5.34 5.79 6.12 4.38 5.81 5.76 6.19 5.87 6.01 5.41 5.70 5.27 6.72 5.11 5.07 6.56 6.76

Upper CI 59.13 65.24 54.12 100.00 82.94 73.98 69.04 68.94 69.52 66.01 65.13 62.85 55.30 59.85 55.97 43.35 23.81 38.01 67.50 48.11 66.93 65.84 77.69 61.39 67.37 63.57 69.45 72.43 62.20 67.90 37.76 66.34 65.52 66.90 56.48 73.33 38.20 67.18 34.74 65.12 69.88

Lower CI 56.47 61.81 50.78 92.03 75.33 63.92 61.10 61.61 62.45 59.54 57.88 55.25 47.86 53.10 49.31 37.10 19.62 33.74 64.63 36.27 55.35 54.67 66.63 51.87 56.69 52.00 57.21 63.67 50.58 56.39 25.38 54.61 53.50 56.09 45.08 62.79 24.75 56.96 24.60 52.01 56.35

True standard error 0.68 0.87 0.85 2.27 1.94 2.56 2.02 1.87 1.80 1.65 1.85 1.94 1.89 1.72 1.70 1.59 1.07 1.09 0.73 2.97 2.90 2.80 2.77 2.39 2.68 2.90 3.07 2.20 2.92 2.89 3.10 2.94 3.01 2.71 2.86 2.64 3.37 2.56 2.54 3.29 3.39

Design factor 2.06 1.79 1.91 0.97 1.42 1.86 1.48 1.42 1.51 1.42 1.50 1.50 1.51 1.62 1.57 1.46 1.52 1.91 1.91 1.93 1.90 1.82 1.97 1.53 1.77 1.88 2.03 1.50 1.88 1.91 2.14 1.92 1.96 1.78 1.83 1.81 2.31 1.68 1.78 2.13 2.24

Any participation - Regular participation

Characteristic Overall Male Female 15 16 - 19 20 - 24 25 - 29 30 - 34 35 - 39 40 - 44 45 - 49 50 - 54 55 - 59 60 - 64 65 - 69 70 - 74 75+ Q42: Has long-term illness, health problem or disa Q42: Does not have long-term illness, health probl Blaenau Gwent Bridgend Caerphilly Cardiff Carmarthenshire Ceredigion Conwy Denbighshire Flintshire Gwynedd Isle of Anglesey Merthyr Tydfil Monmouthshire Neath Port Talbot Newport Pembrokeshire Powys Rhondda, Cynon, Taff Swansea Torfaen Vale of Glamorgan, The Wrexham

Sample size Percent 95% CI +/ - Upper CI Lower CI 22,176 47.36 1.36 48.71 46.00 9,634 53.51 1.78 55.29 51.72 12,542 41.61 1.65 43.27 39.96 59 90.03 9.81 99.84 80.22 883 70.81 4.27 75.09 66.54 1,117 57.70 5.21 62.91 52.49 1,202 52.66 4.47 57.13 48.18 1,295 51.33 3.85 55.18 47.48 1,573 54.46 3.62 58.08 50.84 1,712 51.05 3.17 54.22 47.88 1,551 50.44 3.84 54.28 46.59 1,434 46.37 3.81 50.18 42.56 1,568 42.04 3.57 45.62 38.47 2,153 46.51 3.49 50.00 43.03 2,108 43.11 3.36 46.47 39.74 1,999 32.43 2.97 35.40 29.45 3,433 16.24 1.77 18.01 14.47 7,025 27.57 2.00 29.57 25.57 15,068 54.81 1.53 56.33 53.28 1,008 36.33 5.75 42.07 30.58 1,008 52.89 6.09 58.97 46.80 1,008 48.81 5.68 54.50 43.13 1,008 61.32 6.20 67.51 55.12 1,008 47.03 4.69 51.72 42.34 1,008 50.13 5.53 55.66 44.59 1,008 49.83 5.66 55.49 44.18 1,008 55.54 5.93 61.47 49.61 1,008 54.66 5.03 59.68 49.63 1,008 47.56 5.23 52.79 42.33 1,008 43.80 5.88 49.68 37.91 1,008 26.88 6.44 33.32 20.44 1,008 48.31 5.47 53.79 42.84 1,008 50.74 5.06 55.81 45.68 1,008 48.86 5.68 54.54 43.18 1,008 40.12 5.47 45.59 34.65 1,008 57.10 5.47 62.57 51.63 1,008 24.10 6.16 30.27 17.94 1,008 47.53 5.32 52.85 42.21 1,008 24.85 4.83 29.68 20.01 1,008 47.94 7.09 55.03 40.85 1,008 50.14 7.95 58.08 42.19

True standard error Design factor 0.69 2.07 0.91 1.80 0.84 1.93 4.85 1.24 2.18 1.43 2.65 1.80 2.28 1.59 1.96 1.42 1.84 1.48 1.61 1.34 1.96 1.55 1.94 1.48 1.82 1.47 1.78 1.66 1.71 1.60 1.51 1.45 0.90 1.44 1.02 1.92 0.78 1.93 2.88 1.92 3.05 1.95 2.85 1.82 3.11 2.03 2.35 1.50 2.77 1.78 2.84 1.81 2.97 1.91 2.52 1.61 2.62 1.68 2.95 1.91 3.23 2.34 2.75 1.76 2.54 1.62 2.85 1.82 2.74 1.79 2.74 1.77 3.09 2.30 2.67 1.70 2.42 1.79 3.56 2.27 3.99 2.54

Any participation excluding billiards/snooker and walking - Regular participation

Characteristic Overall Male Female 15 16 - 19 20 - 24 25 - 29 30 - 34 35 - 39 40 - 44 45 - 49 50 - 54 55 - 59 60 - 64 65 - 69 70 - 74 75+ Q42: Has long-term illness, health problem or disa Q42: Does not have long-term illness, health probl Blaenau Gwent Bridgend Caerphilly Cardiff Carmarthenshire Ceredigion Conwy Denbighshire Flintshire Gwynedd Isle of Anglesey Merthyr Tydfil Monmouthshire Neath Port Talbot Newport Pembrokeshire Powys Rhondda, Cynon, Taff Swansea Torfaen Vale of Glamorgan, The Wrexham

Sample size Percent 95% CI +/ - Upper CI Lower CI 22,176 29.08 1.11 30.20 27.97 9,634 37.11 1.74 38.84 35.37 12,542 21.58 1.19 22.77 20.40 59 84.20 5.95 90.15 78.26 883 57.13 4.68 61.81 52.44 1,117 45.66 4.85 50.50 40.81 1,202 36.37 4.12 40.50 32.25 1,295 37.48 3.69 41.17 33.79 1,573 37.71 3.33 41.04 34.39 1,712 32.08 2.96 35.04 29.12 1,551 30.05 3.60 33.65 26.45 1,434 22.36 3.17 25.53 19.20 1,568 19.25 2.75 22.00 16.50 2,153 21.11 2.69 23.80 18.41 2,108 16.97 2.49 19.46 14.49 1,999 14.09 2.03 16.12 12.07 3,433 7.24 1.18 8.42 6.06 7,025 12.60 1.39 13.99 11.21 15,068 35.26 1.34 36.60 33.92 1,008 20.24 4.69 24.93 15.55 1,008 28.53 4.25 32.78 24.28 1,008 32.59 5.69 38.28 26.89 1,008 40.60 4.06 44.66 36.54 1,008 26.75 3.98 30.73 22.77 1,008 29.76 4.92 34.68 24.84 1,008 29.65 4.45 34.10 25.21 1,008 35.44 5.58 41.02 29.86 1,008 33.99 4.57 38.55 29.42 1,008 25.29 4.27 29.56 21.03 1,008 22.55 4.55 27.10 18.00 1,008 13.57 3.37 16.95 10.20 1,008 29.95 5.00 34.96 24.95 1,008 34.30 4.93 39.23 29.37 1,008 33.74 4.91 38.65 28.83 1,008 27.49 4.55 32.04 22.94 1,008 30.60 6.16 36.76 24.44 1,008 13.78 4.39 18.17 9.39 1,008 29.01 5.06 34.07 23.95 1,008 14.06 3.68 17.74 10.38 1,008 27.79 4.82 32.60 22.97 1,008 34.28 7.29 41.56 26.99

True standard error Design factor 0.57 1.87 0.88 1.81 0.60 1.65 2.94 0.62 2.39 1.44 2.47 1.66 2.10 1.52 1.88 1.40 1.69 1.39 1.51 1.34 1.83 1.58 1.61 1.47 1.40 1.41 1.37 1.57 1.27 1.56 1.03 1.33 0.60 1.37 0.71 1.80 0.68 1.77 2.35 1.87 2.13 1.51 2.85 1.94 2.04 1.32 1.99 1.43 2.47 1.73 2.23 1.56 2.80 1.87 2.29 1.54 2.14 1.57 2.28 1.75 1.69 1.59 2.51 1.75 2.47 1.66 2.46 1.66 2.28 1.63 3.09 2.14 2.20 2.03 2.54 1.78 1.85 1.70 2.42 1.72 3.66 2.46

Any participation including exercise machines - Regular participation

Characteristic Overall Male Female 15 16 - 19 20 - 24 25 - 29 30 - 34 35 - 39 40 - 44 45 - 49 50 - 54 55 - 59 60 - 64 65 - 69 70 - 74 75+ Q42: Has long-term illness, health problem or disa Q42: Does not have long-term illness, health probl Blaenau Gwent Bridgend Caerphilly Cardiff Carmarthenshire Ceredigion Conwy Denbighshire Flintshire Gwynedd Isle of Anglesey Merthyr Tydfil Monmouthshire Neath Port Talbot Newport Pembrokeshire Powys Rhondda, Cynon, Taff Swansea Torfaen Vale of Glamorgan, The Wrexham

Sample size Percent 95% CI +/ - Upper CI Lower CI 22,176 49.10 1.36 50.46 47.75 9,634 54.98 1.78 56.77 53.20 12,542 43.61 1.67 45.28 41.94 59 90.03 9.81 99.84 80.22 883 72.17 4.28 76.45 67.90 1,117 59.56 5.19 64.75 54.37 1,202 54.24 4.46 58.71 49.78 1,295 53.39 3.79 57.17 49.60 1,573 56.63 3.57 60.20 53.06 1,712 53.73 3.24 56.97 50.49 1,551 52.60 3.80 56.40 48.80 1,434 49.21 3.87 53.09 45.34 1,568 43.29 3.60 46.89 39.69 2,153 48.01 3.49 51.50 44.52 2,108 44.45 3.42 47.86 41.03 1,999 33.33 2.98 36.31 30.35 3,433 16.80 1.79 18.59 15.02 7,025 28.75 2.02 30.77 26.72 15,068 56.77 1.52 58.29 55.24 1,008 37.09 5.88 42.97 31.21 1,008 54.43 6.08 60.51 48.35 1,008 49.97 5.74 55.71 44.23 1,008 62.37 6.16 68.52 56.21 1,008 49.80 4.70 54.50 45.11 1,008 52.89 5.38 58.27 47.51 1,008 51.82 5.46 57.28 46.35 1,008 56.05 5.85 61.89 50.20 1,008 56.69 4.66 61.35 52.04 1,008 48.95 5.47 54.42 43.48 1,008 46.32 5.04 51.35 41.28 1,008 27.98 6.37 34.36 21.61 1,008 49.88 5.72 55.60 44.16 1,008 52.44 5.30 57.74 47.15 1,008 50.24 5.71 55.96 44.53 1,008 41.78 5.50 47.28 36.28 1,008 57.96 5.29 63.25 52.67 1,008 26.95 6.60 33.55 20.35 1,008 49.79 5.27 55.06 44.52 1,008 25.76 4.82 30.58 20.94 1,008 49.49 7.35 56.84 42.14 1,008 53.04 7.68 60.71 45.36

True standard error Design factor 0.69 2.07 0.91 1.80 0.85 1.93 4.85 1.24 2.18 1.45 2.64 1.81 2.27 1.59 1.93 1.40 1.82 1.46 1.65 1.38 1.94 1.53 1.97 1.50 1.83 1.47 1.78 1.66 1.74 1.62 1.52 1.45 0.91 1.44 1.03 1.92 0.78 1.93 2.95 1.96 3.05 1.95 2.88 1.83 3.09 2.03 2.36 1.50 2.70 1.73 2.74 1.75 2.93 1.89 2.34 1.50 2.74 1.75 2.53 1.62 3.20 2.29 2.87 1.84 2.66 1.70 2.86 1.83 2.76 1.79 2.65 1.72 3.31 2.37 2.64 1.68 2.42 1.77 3.68 2.35 3.85 2.46

Any club membership

Characteristic Overall Male Female 15 16 - 19 20 - 24 25 - 29 30 - 34 35 - 39 40 - 44 45 - 49 50 - 54 55 - 59 60 - 64 65 - 69 70 - 74 75+ Q42: Has long-term illness, health problem or disa Q42: Does not have long-term illness, health probl Blaenau Gwent Bridgend Caerphilly Cardiff Carmarthenshire Ceredigion Conwy Denbighshire Flintshire Gwynedd Isle of Anglesey Merthyr Tydfil Monmouthshire Neath Port Talbot Newport Pembrokeshire Powys Rhondda, Cynon, Taff Swansea Torfaen Vale of Glamorgan, The Wrexham

Sample size Percent 95% CI +/ - Upper CI Lower CI 22,176 16.15 0.96 17.11 15.18 9,634 21.86 1.54 23.40 20.31 12,542 10.81 0.89 11.70 9.91 59 41.32 14.39 55.71 26.93 883 28.82 4.75 33.57 24.07 1,117 22.20 3.96 26.16 18.24 1,202 18.97 3.24 22.21 15.73 1,295 16.94 2.84 19.78 14.11 1,573 19.03 2.90 21.94 16.13 1,712 15.49 2.37 17.86 13.12 1,551 17.57 2.91 20.48 14.65 1,434 14.70 3.05 17.74 11.65 1,568 11.81 2.42 14.23 9.39 2,153 14.42 2.40 16.82 12.02 2,108 13.57 2.18 15.75 11.38 1,999 10.05 1.68 11.73 8.36 3,433 6.13 1.29 7.42 4.84 7,025 9.02 1.27 10.29 7.75 15,068 18.83 1.16 19.99 17.66 1,008 10.04 3.32 13.36 6.72 1,008 20.75 4.50 25.25 16.25 1,008 11.46 3.15 14.61 8.31 1,008 20.74 4.65 25.39 16.10 1,008 15.72 3.86 19.58 11.85 1,008 21.09 3.67 24.77 17.42 1,008 14.90 3.92 18.82 10.98 1,008 17.42 4.83 22.25 12.59 1,008 16.79 4.30 21.09 12.48 1,008 15.04 3.72 18.76 11.32 1,008 12.73 3.14 15.87 9.59 1,008 5.91 2.68 8.59 3.22 1,008 21.93 4.84 26.77 17.09 1,008 23.67 5.25 28.92 18.41 1,008 20.71 4.21 24.92 16.50 1,008 22.08 4.43 26.52 17.65 1,008 22.02 4.29 26.31 17.74 1,008 5.22 2.79 8.01 2.43 1,008 14.38 3.80 18.18 10.59 1,008 8.75 2.39 11.14 6.35 1,008 12.84 4.28 17.11 8.56 1,008 16.06 5.39 21.46 10.67

True standard error Design factor 0.49 1.99 0.79 1.88 0.46 1.65 7.11 1.11 2.42 1.59 2.02 1.63 1.65 1.46 1.45 1.39 1.48 1.50 1.21 1.39 1.48 1.54 1.55 1.67 1.23 1.52 1.22 1.62 1.11 1.50 0.86 1.28 0.66 1.61 0.65 1.91 0.59 1.87 1.66 1.77 2.26 1.78 1.58 1.58 2.33 1.83 1.94 1.69 1.84 1.45 1.97 1.76 2.42 2.04 2.16 1.84 1.87 1.67 1.57 1.51 1.35 1.83 2.43 1.88 2.64 1.98 2.11 1.66 2.22 1.71 2.15 1.65 1.40 2.00 1.91 1.73 1.20 1.36 2.15 2.05 2.70 2.35

Any club participation

Characteristic Overall Male Female 15 16 - 19 20 - 24 25 - 29 30 - 34 35 - 39 40 - 44 45 - 49 50 - 54 55 - 59 60 - 64 65 - 69 70 - 74 75+ Q42: Has long-term illness, health problem or disa Q42: Does not have long-term illness, health probl Blaenau Gwent Bridgend Caerphilly Cardiff Carmarthenshire Ceredigion Conwy Denbighshire Flintshire Gwynedd Isle of Anglesey Merthyr Tydfil Monmouthshire Neath Port Talbot Newport Pembrokeshire Powys Rhondda, Cynon, Taff Swansea Torfaen Vale of Glamorgan, The Wrexham

Sample size Percent 95% CI +/ - Upper CI Lower CI 22,176 13.57 0.89 14.46 12.68 9,634 18.37 1.43 19.80 16.94 12,542 9.08 0.86 9.94 8.22 59 35.37 12.98 48.34 22.39 883 26.36 4.56 30.92 21.80 1,117 19.34 3.89 23.24 15.45 1,202 17.20 3.09 20.29 14.11 1,295 14.70 2.65 17.36 12.05 1,573 15.38 2.58 17.96 12.79 1,712 12.59 2.18 14.77 10.40 1,551 13.84 2.65 16.49 11.18 1,434 11.67 2.42 14.09 9.24 1,568 9.84 2.29 12.14 7.55 2,153 11.94 2.26 14.20 9.67 2,108 10.92 2.07 12.99 8.85 1,999 8.45 1.51 9.96 6.94 3,433 4.82 1.09 5.92 3.73 7,025 6.89 1.00 7.89 5.88 15,068 16.08 1.11 17.19 14.97 1,008 8.46 2.85 11.31 5.60 1,008 16.95 4.04 20.99 12.91 1,008 9.10 2.84 11.94 6.27 1,008 17.58 4.29 21.88 13.29 1,008 12.87 3.80 16.67 9.07 1,008 18.37 3.50 21.87 14.88 1,008 11.32 3.47 14.79 7.85 1,008 15.93 4.65 20.58 11.28 1,008 14.36 4.27 18.63 10.08 1,008 12.05 3.33 15.39 8.72 1,008 10.05 2.66 12.71 7.39 1,008 4.75 2.21 6.96 2.55 1,008 19.77 4.83 24.60 14.94 1,008 18.59 4.28 22.87 14.30 1,008 17.98 4.20 22.18 13.78 1,008 19.86 4.39 24.25 15.47 1,008 18.21 4.29 22.50 13.92 1,008 4.24 2.45 6.69 1.79 1,008 12.55 3.46 16.01 9.09 1,008 8.12 2.31 10.43 5.80 1,008 10.53 4.12 14.65 6.41 1,008 13.32 4.91 18.23 8.41

True standard error Design factor 0.45 1.98 0.73 1.86 0.44 1.72 6.41 1.03 2.32 1.57 1.98 1.69 1.57 1.45 1.35 1.38 1.32 1.45 1.11 1.39 1.35 1.55 1.23 1.46 1.17 1.56 1.15 1.66 1.05 1.56 0.77 1.24 0.56 1.53 0.51 1.70 0.57 1.90 1.43 1.65 2.03 1.72 1.42 1.58 2.15 1.80 1.91 1.81 1.75 1.45 1.74 1.75 2.33 2.04 2.14 1.95 1.67 1.64 1.33 1.42 1.11 1.67 2.42 1.94 2.15 1.76 2.11 1.75 2.20 1.76 2.15 1.78 1.23 1.94 1.73 1.67 1.16 1.36 2.07 2.15 2.46 2.31

Any volunteering (after school, club or other)

Characteristic Overall Male Female 15 16 - 19 20 - 24 25 - 29 30 - 34 35 - 39 40 - 44 45 - 49 50 - 54 55 - 59 60 - 64 65 - 69 70 - 74 75+ Q42: Has long-term illness, health problem or disa Q42: Does not have long-term illness, health probl Blaenau Gwent Bridgend Caerphilly Cardiff Carmarthenshire Ceredigion Conwy Denbighshire Flintshire Gwynedd Isle of Anglesey Merthyr Tydfil Monmouthshire Neath Port Talbot Newport Pembrokeshire Powys Rhondda, Cynon, Taff Swansea Torfaen Vale of Glamorgan, The Wrexham

Sample size Percent 95% CI +/ - Upper CI Lower CI 22,176 4.56 0.54 5.10 4.02 9,634 5.17 0.79 5.96 4.38 12,542 3.99 0.61 4.60 3.38 59 9.65 8.06 17.71 1.59 883 5.04 1.83 6.88 3.21 1,117 5.48 2.63 8.11 2.85 1,202 2.89 1.48 4.37 1.40 1,295 3.61 1.31 4.92 2.30 1,573 5.54 1.62 7.16 3.92 1,712 5.67 1.48 7.14 4.19 1,551 5.35 1.63 6.98 3.73 1,434 6.43 2.00 8.43 4.42 1,568 3.89 1.78 5.67 2.11 2,153 4.78 1.37 6.14 3.41 2,108 4.51 1.25 5.76 3.27 1,999 3.27 0.98 4.26 2.29 3,433 1.86 0.56 2.42 1.30 7,025 3.22 0.67 3.89 2.56 15,068 5.07 0.66 5.73 4.41 1,008 3.94 1.83 5.77 2.12 1,008 5.54 2.61 8.15 2.93 1,008 3.03 1.49 4.52 1.54 1,008 6.41 2.59 9.00 3.82 1,008 9.43 3.30 12.72 6.13 1,008 7.08 2.86 9.94 4.22 1,008 3.33 2.35 5.68 0.98 1,008 6.65 2.91 9.57 3.74 1,008 6.08 2.46 8.53 3.62 1,008 3.99 2.07 6.06 1.92 1,008 2.59 1.62 4.21 0.97 1,008 0.63 0.58 1.21 0.06 1,008 4.37 1.97 6.34 2.39 1,008 6.48 2.65 9.13 3.83 1,008 5.32 2.58 7.90 2.73 1,008 2.33 1.40 3.73 0.93 1,008 9.10 3.70 12.80 5.40 1,008 1.27 1.54 3.09 0.00 1,008 1.79 1.13 2.93 0.66 1,008 0.89 0.69 1.58 0.21 1,008 3.12 1.60 4.72 1.52 1,008 3.28 1.50 4.78 1.78

True standard error Design factor 0.27 1.96 0.40 1.79 0.31 1.79 3.98 1.03 0.93 1.27 1.34 1.98 0.76 1.57 0.67 1.29 0.83 1.44 0.75 1.35 0.83 1.46 1.02 1.58 0.91 1.87 0.70 1.52 0.63 1.41 0.50 1.27 0.29 1.25 0.34 1.62 0.34 1.89 0.92 1.51 1.31 1.82 0.75 1.39 1.30 1.69 1.65 1.80 1.43 1.79 1.18 2.10 1.46 1.87 1.23 1.64 1.04 1.69 0.81 1.64 0.29 1.17 0.99 1.55 1.33 1.72 1.30 1.84 0.70 1.48 1.85 2.06 0.91 2.58 0.57 1.36 0.34 1.17 0.80 1.47 0.75 1.35

Appendix I

Comparing Results with Previous Survey Data

CELLO mruk research: Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

information

2008-09 Active Adults Survey Comparing the 2008-09 Active Adults Survey results with previous survey data What changes have been made to the survey method since the 2004-05 Survey? The main change to the survey has been to change the sampling method from a quota sampling method – where individuals are recruited to participate until quotas, chosen to reflect the age group, gender and working status profile of the population, are filled – to a random probability sampling method. This change was implemented in consultation with the Welsh Assembly Government’s Sport and Active Wales branch and Statistical Directorate, and has required additional investment. Why make these changes? This allows us to report on the precision of the results of the survey. For example, when we report that 56.4% of adults have participated in any sport and physical recreation in the previous four weeks, we can also report that this result is likely to be correct to within 1.33%; that is, the actual participation rate is likely to be between 57.7% and 55.0%. This also means that we can undertake statistical tests to understand whether differences between population groups and activities are statistically significant.

Do all of the recent changes to the Survey mean that the data from previous surveys are of poor quality? No. It is the sampling method rather than the quality of the data that have been collected that has changed. The quota sampling method has been demonstrated to have been carried out appropriately for previous surveys. Patterns in key national and regional estimates are also repeated between surveys, including the 2008-09 Survey: males are more likely to participate than females, participation decreases with age, and so on. What the improvements for 2008-09 add is the ability to report the margin of error around estimates and to identify whether differences between population groups and activities are statistically significant. The Sports Council for Wales has every confidence that the data from previous Surveys reflects patterns in sports participation over that period. How can I tell if my local authority or sport has increased its participation levels since 2004-05? Care needs to be taken when making comparisons between the 2008-09 Survey results and previous Active Adults Surveys due to the change in survey method. Differences may be partially explained by the differences in data collection methods. Because the methods are not strictly comparable, presented results report a ‘suggested direction of change’ rather than demonstrating statistically significant differences in participation over time.

For further information on the Active Adults Survey, and other research conducted by the Sports Council for Wales please contact: 

[email protected]



www.sports-council-wales.org.uk

For further information, please consult the technical report.

Survey

Tables 1 to 4 on the following pages show suggested direction of change for selected measures. All results in Tables 1 to 3 are rounded to the nearest percentage point. Results in Table 4 are rounded to one decimal point.

March 2010

Table 1:

Any participation in sport and physical recreation, in the previous four weeks (%)

Local authority area

2008-09 (%)

Suggested direction of change***

Wales

56



Blaenau Gwent

41



Bridgend

60



Caerphilly

58

The data do not suggest a change

Cardiff

72

The data do not suggest a change

Carmarthenshire

54

The data do not suggest a change

Ceredigion

60



Conwy

56



Denbighshire

63

The data do not suggest a change

Flintshire

67

The data do not suggest a change

Gwynedd

56

Isle of Anglesey

60

Merthyr Tydfil

31



Monmouthshire

60



Neath Port Talbot

58

Newport

60

Pembrokeshire

50

Powys

67

Rhondda, Cynon, Taff

28

Swansea

60

Torfaen

29

Vale of Glamorgan

58

The data do not suggest a change

Wrexham

60

The data do not suggest a change

***

 The data do not suggest a change

 The data do not suggest a change  The data do not suggest a change  The data do not suggest a change 

Care need to be taken when making comparisons between the 2008-09 Survey results and previous Active Adults Surveys due to the change in survey method. Differences may be partially explained by the differences in data collection methods. Because the methods are not strictly comparable, presented results report a ‘suggested direction of change’ rather than demonstrating statistically significant differences in participation over time. For further information, please consult the Survey technical report.

March 2010

Table 2:

Any participation in sport and physical recreation excluding billiards/snooker and

walking, in the previous four weeks (%) Local authority area

2008-09 (%)

Suggested direction of change***

Wales

38

Blaenau Gwent

26

Bridgend

37

Caerphilly

40

The data do not suggest a change

Cardiff

54

The data do not suggest a change

Carmarthenshire

35

Ceredigion

38

Conwy

39

Denbighshire

44

The data do not suggest a change

Flintshire

46

The data do not suggest a change

Gwynedd

35

The data do not suggest a change

Isle of Anglesey

31

The data do not suggest a change

Merthyr Tydfil

20

Monmouthshire

39

Neath Port Talbot

43



Newport

44



Pembrokeshire

38

Powys

41

Rhondda, Cynon, Taff

19

Swansea

41

Torfaen

18

Vale of Glamorgan

37

The data do not suggest a change

Wrexham

45

The data do not suggest a change

***

 The data do not suggest a change 

 The data do not suggest a change 

 The data do not suggest a change

 The data do not suggest a change  The data do not suggest a change 

Care need to be taken when making comparisons between the 2008-09 Survey results and previous Active Adults Surveys due to the change in survey method. Differences may be partially explained by the differences in data collection methods. Because the methods are not strictly comparable, presented results report a ‘suggested direction of change’ rather than demonstrating statistically significant differences in participation over time. For further information, please consult the Survey technical report.

March 2010

Table 3:

Any sports club membership (%)

Local authority area

2008-09 (%)

Suggested direction of change***

Wales

16

Blaenau Gwent

10

Bridgend

21

Caerphilly

11

The data do not suggest a change

Cardiff

21

The data do not suggest a change

Carmarthenshire

16

The data do not suggest a change

Ceredigion

21



Conwy

15



Denbighshire

17



Flintshire

17

The data do not suggest a change

Gwynedd

15

The data do not suggest a change

Isle of Anglesey

13



6



Monmouthshire

22



Neath Port Talbot

24



Newport

21



Pembrokeshire

22



Powys

22



Merthyr Tydfil

Rhondda, Cynon, Taff Swansea Torfaen

 The data do not suggest a change 

5

The data do not suggest a change

14

The data do not suggest a change

9



Vale of Glamorgan

13



Wrexham

16

***

The data do not suggest a change

Care need to be taken when making comparisons between the 2008-09 Survey results and previous Active Adults Surveys due to the change in survey method. Differences may be partially explained by the differences in data collection methods. Because the methods are not strictly comparable, presented results report a ‘suggested direction of change’ rather than demonstrating statistically significant differences in participation over time. For further information, please consult the Survey technical report.

March 2010

Table 4:

Any participation in sport and physical recreation, in the previous four weeks, by sport and activity (%) 2008-09 (%)

Suggested direction of change***

Badminton

1.3

The data do not suggest a change

Billiards/snooker

1.7

Bowls

1.3

Cricket

0.7



Cycling/Mountain Biking

7.4



Fishing/angling

1.5



Football

6.7



Golf

3.0



Jogging

5.2



Rambling, hill & fell walking

1.2



Road running/cross country

2.3



Rugby

2.3



Sport/activity

Swimming

11.4

Walking (over 2 miles)

33.8

***

 The data do not suggest a change

The data do not suggest a change 

Care need to be taken when making comparisons between the 2008-09 Survey results and previous Active Adults Surveys due to the change in survey method. Differences may be partially explained by the differences in data collection methods. Because the methods are not strictly comparable, presented results report a ‘suggested direction of change’ rather than demonstrating statistically significant differences in participation over time. For further information, please consult the Survey technical report.

March 2010

gwybodaeth

Arolwg 2008-09 ar Oedolion Egnïol Cymharu canlyniadau Arolwg 2008-09 ar Oedolion Egnïol â data’r arolygon blaenorol Pa newidiadau sydd wedi cael eu gwneud i’r dull arolygu ers Arolwg 2004-05? Y prif newid sydd wedi digwydd i’r arolwg yw newid y dull samplu o fod yn ddull samplu cwota – lle mae unigolion yn cael eu dewis yn unol â nodweddion personol er mwyn adlewyrchu’r boblogaeth – i ddull o samplu yn ôl tebygolrwydd ar hap. Gweithredwyd y newid hwn dan ymgynghori â changen Chwaraeon a Chymru Egnïol Llywodraeth Cynulliad Cymru a’r Gyfadran Ystadegol, ac mae wedi bod angen buddsoddiad ychwanegol. Pam gwneud y newidiadau hyn? Mae hyn yn ein galluogi i adrodd yn ôl ar ba mor fanwl gywir yw canlyniadau’r arolwg. Er enghraifft, pan ydym yn adrodd yn ôl bod 56.4% o oedolion wedi cymryd rhan mewn unrhyw chwaraeon a hamdden gorfforol yn ystod y pedair wythnos flaenorol, gallwn hefyd adrodd yn ôl bod y canlyniad hwn yn debygol o fod yn gywir i hyd at 1.33%; hynny yw, mae union gyfradd gymryd rhan yr oedolion yn debygol o fod rhwng 57.7% a 55.0%. Mae hyn hefyd yn golygu y gallwn gynnal profion ystadegol er mwyn deall a yw’r gwahaniaethau rhwng y grwpiau poblogaeth a’r gweithgareddau’n arwyddocaol yn ystadegol. A yw’r holl newidiadau diweddar i’r Arolwg yn golygu bod y data o’r arolygon blaenorol o safon isel? Na. Y dull samplu yn hytrach na safon y data sydd wedi’i gasglu sydd wedi cael ei newid. Yn fwy na hynny, profwyd bod y dull samplu cwota wedi cael ei gynnal yn briodol ar gyfer yr arolygon blaenorol. Ailadroddir y patrymau cenedlaethol a rhanbarthol allweddol rhwng yr arolygon hefyd, yn cynnwys Arolwg 2008-09: mae dynion yn fwy tebygol o gymryd rhan na merched, mae’r cyfranogiad yn gostwng gydag oedran, ac ati.

Yr hyn mae’r gwelliannau ar gyfer 2008-09 yn ei ychwanegu yw adrodd yn ôl am y posibilrwydd o wneud camgymeriad yn seiliedig ar amcangyfrifon er mwyn gweld a yw’r gwahaniaethau rhwng y grwpiau poblogaeth a’r gweithgareddau’n arwyddocaol yn ystadegol. Mae gan Gyngor Chwaraeon Cymru bob hyder bod y data o’r Arolygon blaenorol yn adlewyrchu’r patrymau wrth gymryd rhan mewn chwaraeon yn ystod y cyfnod hwnnw. Sut allaf i ddweud os yw fy awdurdod lleol neu fy nghamp wedi cynyddu ei lefelau cymryd rhan ers 2004-05? Mae angen bod yn ofalus wrth lunio cymariaethau manwl rhwng canlyniadau Arolwg 2008-09 a’r Arolygon blaenorol ar Oedolion Egnïol oherwydd y newid yn y dull arolygu. Gellir egluro’r gwahaniaethau’n rhannol o ran y gwahaniaethau yn y dulliau o gasglu data. Gan nad yw’r dulliau’n gymharus mewn gwirionedd, mae’r canlyniadau a gyflwynir yn adrodd yn ôl am ‘awgrym o newid cyfeiriad’ yn hytrach nag arddangos gwahaniaethau arwyddocaol yn ystadegol mewn cymryd rhan dros gyfnod o amser. Ceir gwybodaeth bellach am y mater hwn yn Adroddiad Technegol yr Arolwg. Mae’r holl ganlyniadau yn Nhablau 1 i 3 wedi’u talgrynu i’r pwynt canran agosaf. Mae’r canlyniadau yn Nhabl 4 wedi’u talgrynu i un pwynt degol.

Am wybodaeth bellach am yr Arolwg ar Oedolion Egnïol a phob ymchwil a wneir gan Gyngor Chwaraeon Cymru, cysylltwch â: 

[email protected]



www.cyngor-chwaraeon-cymru.org.uk

Mawrth 2010

Tabl 1:

Unrhyw gyfranogiad mewn chwaraeon a hamdden gorfforol yn ystod y pedair wythnos flaenorol (%)

Ardal yr awdurdod lleol

2008-09 (%)

Y cyfeiriad a awgrymir ar gyfer y newid***

Cymru

56



Blaenau Gwent

41



Pen-y-bont ar Ogwr

60



Caerffili

58

Nid yw’r data’n awgrymu newid

Caerdydd

72

Nid yw’r data’n awgrymu newid

Sir Gaerfyrddin

54

Nid yw’r data’n awgrymu newid

Ceredigion

60



Conwy

56



Sir Ddinbych

63

Nid yw’r data’n awgrymu newid

Sir y Fflint

67

Nid yw’r data’n awgrymu newid

Gwynedd

56

Ynys Môn

60

Merthyr Tudful

31



Sir Fynwy

60



Castell-nedd Port Talbot

58



Casnewydd

60

Sir Benfro

50

Powys

67

Rhondda, Cynon, Taf

28

Abertawe

60

Torfaen

29

Bro Morgannwg

58

Nid yw’r data’n awgrymu newid

Wrecsam

60

Nid yw’r data’n awgrymu newid

***

 Nid yw’r data’n awgrymu newid

Nid yw’r data’n awgrymu newid  Nid yw’r data’n awgrymu newid  Nid yw’r data’n awgrymu newid 

Mae angen cymryd gofal wrth lunio cymariaethau rhwng canlyniadau Arolwg 2008-09 a’r arolygon blaenorol ar Oedolion Egnïol, oherwydd y newid i’r dull o arolygu. Gellir egluro’r gwahaniaethau’n rhannol o ran y gwahaniaethau yn y dulliau o gasglu data. Gan nad yw’r dulliau’n gymharus mewn gwirionedd, mae’r canlyniadau a gyflwynir yn adrodd yn ôl am ‘awgrym o newid cyfeiriad’ yn hytrach nag arddangos gwahaniaethau arwyddocaol yn ystadegol mewn cymryd rhan dros gyfnod o amser. Am wybodaeth bellach, gweler Adroddiad Technegol yr Arolwg.

Mawrth 2010

Tabl 2:

Unrhyw gyfranogiad mewn chwaraeon a hamdden gorfforol ac eithrio biliards / snwcer a cherdded, yn ystod y pedair wythnos flaenorol (%)

Ardal yr awdurdod lleol

2008-09 (%)

Y cyfeiriad a awgrymir ar gyfer y newid***

Cymru

38

Blaenau Gwent

26

Pen-y-bont ar Ogwr

37

Caerffili

40

Nid yw’r data’n awgrymu newid

Caerdydd

54

Nid yw’r data’n awgrymu newid

Sir Gaerfyrddin

35

Ceredigion

38

Conwy

39

Sir Ddinbych

44

Nid yw’r data’n awgrymu newid

Sir y Fflint

46

Nid yw’r data’n awgrymu newid

Gwynedd

35

Nid yw’r data’n awgrymu newid

Ynys Môn

31

Nid yw’r data’n awgrymu newid

Merthyr Tudful

20

Sir Fynwy

39

Castell-nedd Port Talbot

43



Casnewydd

44



Sir Benfro

38

Powys

41

Rhondda, Cynon, Taf

19

Abertawe

41

Torfaen

18

Bro Morgannwg

37

Nid yw’r data’n awgrymu newid

Wrecsam

45

Nid yw’r data’n awgrymu newid

***

 Nid yw’r data’n awgrymu newid 

 Nid yw’r data’n awgrymu newid 

 Nid yw’r data’n awgrymu newid

 Nid yw’r data’n awgrymu newid  Nid yw’r data’n awgrymu newid 

Mae angen cymryd gofal wrth lunio cymariaethau rhwng canlyniadau Arolwg 2008-09 a’r arolygon blaenorol ar Oedolion Egnïol, oherwydd y newid i’r dull o arolygu. Gellir egluro’r gwahaniaethau’n rhannol o ran y gwahaniaethau yn y dulliau o gasglu data. Gan nad yw’r dulliau’n gymharus mewn gwirionedd, mae’r canlyniadau a gyflwynir yn adrodd yn ôl am ‘awgrym o newid cyfeiriad’ yn hytrach nag arddangos gwahaniaethau arwyddocaol yn ystadegol mewn cymryd rhan dros gyfnod o amser. Am wybodaeth bellach, gweler Adroddiad Technegol yr Arolwg.

Mawrth 2010

Tabl 3:

Unrhyw aelodaeth o glybiau chwaraeon (%)

Ardal yr awdurdod lleol

2008-09 (%)

Y cyfeiriad a awgrymir ar gyfer y newid***

Cymru

16

Blaenau Gwent

10

Pen-y-bont ar Ogwr

21

Caerffili

11

Nid yw’r data’n awgrymu newid

Caerdydd

21

Nid yw’r data’n awgrymu newid

Sir Gaerfyrddin

16

Nid yw’r data’n awgrymu newid

Ceredigion

21



Conwy

15



Sir Ddinbych

17



Sir y Fflint

17

Nid yw’r data’n awgrymu newid

Gwynedd

15

Nid yw’r data’n awgrymu newid

Ynys Môn

13



6



Sir Fynwy

22



Castell-nedd Port Talbot

24



Casnewydd

21



Sir Benfro

22



Powys

22



Merthyr Tudful

Rhondda, Cynon, Taf Abertawe Torfaen

 Nid yw’r data’n awgrymu newid 

5

Nid yw’r data’n awgrymu newid

14

Nid yw’r data’n awgrymu newid

9



Bro Morgannwg

13



Wrecsam

16

***

Nid yw’r data’n awgrymu newid

Mae angen cymryd gofal wrth lunio cymariaethau rhwng canlyniadau Arolwg 2008-09 a’r arolygon blaenorol ar Oedolion Egnïol, oherwydd y newid i’r dull o arolygu. Gellir egluro’r gwahaniaethau’n rhannol o ran y gwahaniaethau yn y dulliau o gasglu data. Gan nad yw’r dulliau’n gymharus mewn gwirionedd, mae’r canlyniadau a gyflwynir yn adrodd yn ôl am ‘awgrym o newid cyfeiriad’ yn hytrach nag arddangos gwahaniaethau arwyddocaol yn ystadegol mewn cymryd rhan dros gyfnod o amser. Am wybodaeth bellach, gweler Adroddiad Technegol yr Arolwg.

Mawrth 2010

Tabl 4:

Unrhyw gyfranogiad mewn chwaraeon a hamdden gorfforol yn ystod y pedair wythnos flaenorol, fesul camp a gweithgaredd (%) 2008-09 (%)

Y cyfeiriad a awgrymir ar gyfer y newid***

Badminton

1.3

Nid yw’r data’n awgrymu newid

Billiards / snwcer

1.7

Bowlio

1.3

Criced

0.7



Beicio / Beicio Mynydd

7.4



Pysgota / genweirio

1.5



Pêl droed

6.7



Golff

3.0



Loncian

5.2



Crwydro, cerdded mynyddoedd a bryniau

1.2



Rhedeg ffordd / traws gwlad

2.3



Rygbi

2.3



Nofio

11.4

Cerdded (mwy na 2 filltir)

33.8

Camp / gweithgaredd

***

 Nid yw’r data’n awgrymu newid

Nid yw’r data’n awgrymu newid 

Mae angen cymryd gofal wrth lunio cymariaethau rhwng canlyniadau Arolwg 2008-09 a’r arolygon blaenorol ar Oedolion Egnïol, oherwydd y newid i’r dull o arolygu. Gellir egluro’r gwahaniaethau’n rhannol o ran y gwahaniaethau yn y dulliau o gasglu data. Gan nad yw’r dulliau’n gymharus mewn gwirionedd, mae’r canlyniadau a gyflwynir yn adrodd yn ôl am ‘awgrym o newid cyfeiriad’ yn hytrach nag arddangos gwahaniaethau arwyddocaol yn ystadegol mewn cymryd rhan dros gyfnod o amser. Am wybodaeth bellach, gweler Adroddiad Technegol yr Arolwg.

Mawrth 2010

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Sport Wales Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report

Sport Wales Active Adults Survey 2008-09 Technical Report January 2010 Prepared For: Sport Wales Sophia Gardens Cardiff CF11 9SW Prepared By: CELL...

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